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FileStream Constructor (String, FileMode, FileAccess, FileShare, Int32, FileOptions)

Initializes a new instance of the FileStream class with the specified path, creation mode, read/write and sharing permission, the access other FileStreams can have to the same file, the buffer size, and additional file options.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public FileStream(
	string path,
	FileMode mode,
	FileAccess access,
	FileShare share,
	int bufferSize,
	FileOptions options


Type: System.String
A relative or absolute path for the file that the current FileStream object will encapsulate.
Type: System.IO.FileMode
A constant that determines how to open or create the file.
Type: System.IO.FileAccess
A constant that determines how the file can be accessed by the FileStream object. This gets the CanRead and CanWrite properties of the FileStream object. CanSeek is true if path specifies a disk file.
Type: System.IO.FileShare
A constant that determines how the file will be shared by processes.
Type: System.Int32
A positive Int32 value greater than 0 indicating the buffer size. For bufferSize values between one and eight, the actual buffer size is set to eight bytes.
Type: System.IO.FileOptions
A value that specifies additional file options.


path is null.


path is an empty string (""), contains only white space, or contains one or more invalid characters.


path refers to a non-file device, such as "con:", "com1:", "lpt1:", etc. in an NTFS environment.


path refers to a non-file device, such as "con:", "com1:", "lpt1:", etc. in a non-NTFS environment.


bufferSize is negative or zero.


mode, access, or share contain an invalid value.


The file cannot be found, such as when mode is FileMode.Truncate or FileMode.Open, and the file specified by path does not exist. The file must already exist in these modes.


An I/O error, such as specifying FileMode.CreateNew when the file specified by path already exists, occurred.


The stream has been closed.


The caller does not have the required permission.


The specified path is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.


The access requested is not permitted by the operating system for the specified path, such as when access is Write or ReadWrite and the file or directory is set for read-only access.


Encrypted is specified for options, but file encryption is not supported on the current platform.


The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length. For example, on Windows-based platforms, paths must be less than 248 characters, and file names must be less than 260 characters.

The .NET Framework does not support direct access to physical disks through paths that are device names, such as "\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE0 ".

The fileOptions parameter is used to provide access to more advanced operations that can be leveraged when creating a FileStream object.

The path parameter can be a file name, including a file on a Universal Naming Convention (UNC) share.


path is not required to be a file stored on disk; it can be any part of a system that supports access through streams. For example, depending on the system, this class can access a physical device.

CanSeek is true for all FileStream objects that encapsulate files. If path indicates a device that does not support seeking, the CanSeek property on the resulting FileStream is false. For additional information, see CanSeek.

Caution noteCaution

When you compile a set of characters with a particular cultural setting and retrieve those same characters with a different cultural setting, the characters might not be interpretable, and could cause an exception to be thrown.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following example writes data to a file and then reads the data using the FileStream object.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

namespace FileSystemExample
    class FileStreamExample
        public static void Main()
                // Create a file and write data to it.

                // Create an array of bytes.
                byte[] messageByte = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("Here is some data.");

                // Create a file using the FileStream class.
                FileStream fWrite = new FileStream("test.txt", FileMode.Create, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.None, 8, FileOptions.None);

                // Write the number of bytes to the file.

                // Write the bytes to the file.
                fWrite.Write(messageByte, 0, messageByte.Length);

                // Close the stream.

                // Open a file and read the number of bytes.

                FileStream fRead = new FileStream("test.txt", FileMode.Open);

                // The first byte is the string length.
                int length = (int)fRead.ReadByte();

                // Create a new byte array for the data.
                byte[] readBytes = new byte[length];

                // Read the data from the file.
                fRead.Read(readBytes, 0, readBytes.Length);

                // Close the stream.

                // Display the data.

                Console.WriteLine("Done writing and reading data.");
            catch (Exception e)


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.