SqlDataSource Class
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SqlDataSource Class

 

Represents an SQL database to data-bound controls.

Namespace:   System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

System.Object
  System.Web.UI.Control
    System.Web.UI.DataSourceControl
      System.Web.UI.WebControls.SqlDataSource
        System.Web.UI.WebControls.AccessDataSource

[ToolboxBitmapAttribute(typeof(SqlDataSource))]
public class SqlDataSource : DataSourceControl

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodSqlDataSource()

Initializes a new instance of the SqlDataSource class.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSqlDataSource(String, String)

Initializes a new instance of the SqlDataSource class with the specified connection string and Select command.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSqlDataSource(String, String, String)

Initializes a new instance of the SqlDataSource class with the specified connection string and Select command.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_protpropertyAdapter

Gets the browser-specific adapter for the control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyAppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory

Gets or sets the application-relative virtual directory of the Page or UserControl object that contains this control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyBindingContainer

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets the control that contains this control's data binding.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyCacheDuration

Gets or sets the length of time, in seconds, that the data source control caches data that is retrieved by the Select method.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyCacheExpirationPolicy

Gets or sets the cache expiration behavior that, when combined with the duration, describes the behavior of the cache that the data source control uses.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyCacheKeyDependency

Gets or sets a user-defined key dependency that is linked to all data cache objects that are created by the data source control. All cache objects are explicitly expired when the key is expired.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyCancelSelectOnNullParameter

Gets or sets a value indicating whether a data retrieval operation is canceled when any parameter that is contained in the SelectParameters collection evaluates to null.

System_CAPS_protpropertyChildControlsCreated

Gets a value that indicates whether the server control's child controls have been created.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyClientID

Gets the server control identifier generated by ASP.NET.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyClientIDMode

This property is not used for data source controls.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyClientIDSeparator

Gets a character value representing the separator character used in the ClientID property.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyConflictDetection

Gets or sets the value indicating how the SqlDataSource control performs updates and deletes when data in a row in the underlying database changes during the time of the operation.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyConnectionString

Gets or sets the ADO.NET provider–specific connection string that the SqlDataSource control uses to connect to an underlying database.

System_CAPS_protpropertyContext

Gets the HttpContext object associated with the server control for the current Web request.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyControls

Gets a ControlCollection object that represents the child controls for a specified server control in the UI hierarchy.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDataItemContainer

Gets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataItemContainer.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDataKeysContainer

Gets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataKeysControl.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDataSourceMode

Gets or sets the data retrieval mode that the SqlDataSource control uses to fetch data.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDeleteCommand

Gets or sets the SQL string that the SqlDataSource control uses to delete data from the underlying database.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDeleteCommandType

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the text in the DeleteCommand property is an SQL statement or the name of a stored procedure.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDeleteParameters

Gets the parameters collection that contains the parameters that are used by the DeleteCommand property from the SqlDataSourceView object that is associated with the SqlDataSource control.

System_CAPS_protpropertyDesignMode

Gets a value indicating whether a control is being used on a design surface.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyEnableCaching

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the SqlDataSource control has data caching enabled.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyEnableTheming

Gets a value indicating whether this control supports themes.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyEnableViewState

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the server control persists its view state, and the view state of any child controls it contains, to the requesting client.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyEvents

Gets a list of event handler delegates for the control. This property is read-only.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyFilterExpression

Gets or sets a filtering expression that is applied when the Select method is called.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyFilterParameters

Gets a collection of parameters that are associated with any parameter placeholders that are in the FilterExpression string.

System_CAPS_protpropertyHasChildViewState

Gets a value indicating whether the current server control's child controls have any saved view-state settings.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyID

Gets or sets the programmatic identifier assigned to the server control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyIdSeparator

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets the character used to separate control identifiers.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyInsertCommand

Gets or sets the SQL string that the SqlDataSource control uses to insert data into the underlying database.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyInsertCommandType

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the text in the InsertCommand property is an SQL statement or the name of a stored procedure.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyInsertParameters

Gets the parameters collection that contains the parameters that are used by the InsertCommand property from the SqlDataSourceView object that is associated with the SqlDataSource control.

System_CAPS_protpropertyIsChildControlStateCleared

Gets a value indicating whether controls contained within this control have control state.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyIsTrackingViewState

Gets a value that indicates whether the server control is saving changes to its view state.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyIsViewStateEnabled

Gets a value indicating whether view state is enabled for this control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyLoadViewStateByID

Gets a value indicating whether the control participates in loading its view state by ID instead of index. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyNamingContainer

Gets a reference to the server control's naming container, which creates a unique namespace for differentiating between server controls with the same Control.ID property value.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyOldValuesParameterFormatString

Gets or sets a format string to apply to the names of any parameters that are passed to the Delete or Update method.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyPage

Gets a reference to the Page instance that contains the server control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyParent

Gets a reference to the server control's parent control in the page control hierarchy.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyProviderName

Gets or sets the name of the .NET Framework data provider that the SqlDataSource control uses to connect to an underlying data source.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyRenderingCompatibility

Gets a value that specifies the ASP.NET version that rendered HTML will be compatible with.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertySelectCommand

Gets or sets the SQL string that the SqlDataSource control uses to retrieve data from the underlying database.

System_CAPS_pubpropertySelectCommandType

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the text in the SelectCommand property is an SQL query or the name of a stored procedure.

System_CAPS_pubpropertySelectParameters

Gets the parameters collection that contains the parameters that are used by the SelectCommand property from the SqlDataSourceView object that is associated with the SqlDataSource control.

System_CAPS_pubpropertySite

Gets information about the container that hosts the current control when rendered on a design surface.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertySkinID

Gets the skin to apply to the DataSourceControl control.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertySortParameterName

Gets or sets the name of a stored procedure parameter that is used to sort retrieved data when data retrieval is performed using a stored procedure.

System_CAPS_pubpropertySqlCacheDependency

Gets or sets a semicolon-delimited string that indicates which databases and tables to use for the Microsoft SQL Server cache dependency.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyTemplateControl

Gets or sets a reference to the template that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyTemplateSourceDirectory

Gets the virtual directory of the Page or UserControl that contains the current server control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyUniqueID

Gets the unique, hierarchically qualified identifier for the server control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyUpdateCommand

Gets or sets the SQL string that the SqlDataSource control uses to update data in the underlying database.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyUpdateCommandType

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the text in the UpdateCommand property is an SQL statement or the name of a stored procedure.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyUpdateParameters

Gets the parameters collection that contains the parameters that are used by the UpdateCommand property from the SqlDataSourceView control that is associated with the SqlDataSource control.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyValidateRequestMode

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the control checks client input from the browser for potentially dangerous values.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyViewState

Gets a dictionary of state information that allows you to save and restore the view state of a server control across multiple requests for the same page.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protpropertyViewStateIgnoresCase

Gets a value that indicates whether the StateBag object is case-insensitive.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyViewStateMode

Gets or sets the view-state mode of this control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyVisible

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the control is visually displayed.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_protmethodAddedControl(Control, Int32)

Called after a child control is added to the Controls collection of the Control object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodAddParsedSubObject(Object)

Notifies the server control that an element, either XML or HTML, was parsed, and adds the element to the server control's ControlCollection object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodApplyStyleSheetSkin(Page)

Applies the style properties that are defined in the page style sheet to the control. (Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_protmethodBeginRenderTracing(TextWriter, Object)

Begins design-time tracing of rendering data.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodBuildProfileTree(String, Boolean)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gathers information about the server control and delivers it to the Trace property to be displayed when tracing is enabled for the page.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearCachedClientID()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Sets the cached ClientID value to null.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearChildControlState()

Deletes the control-state information for the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearChildState()

Deletes the view-state and control-state information for all the server control's child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearChildViewState()

Deletes the view-state information for all the server control's child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodClearEffectiveClientIDMode()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Sets the ClientIDMode property of the current control instance and of any child controls to Inherit.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodCreateChildControls()

Called by the ASP.NET page framework to notify server controls that use composition-based implementation to create any child controls they contain in preparation for posting back or rendering.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodCreateControlCollection()

Creates a collection to store child controls.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_protmethodCreateDataSourceView(String)

Creates a data source view object that is associated with the data source control.

System_CAPS_pubmethodDataBind()

Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodDataBind(Boolean)

Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls with an option to raise the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodDataBindChildren()

Binds a data source to the server control's child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDelete()

Performs a delete operation using the DeleteCommand SQL string and any parameters that are in the DeleteParameters collection.

System_CAPS_pubmethodDispose()

Enables a server control to perform final clean up before it is released from memory.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodEndRenderTracing(TextWriter, Object)

Ends design-time tracing of rendering data.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodEnsureChildControls()

Determines whether the server control contains child controls. If it does not, it creates child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodEnsureID()

Creates an identifier for controls that do not have an identifier assigned.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFindControl(String)

Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id parameter. (Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFindControl(String, Int32)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id and an integer, specified in the pathOffset parameter, which aids in the search. You should not override this version of the FindControl method.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFocus()

Sets input focus to the control.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_protmethodGetDbProviderFactory()

Returns the DbProviderFactory object that is associated with the ADO.NET provider that is identified by the ProviderName property.

System_CAPS_protmethodGetDesignModeState()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets design-time data for a control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetRouteUrl(Object)

Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetRouteUrl(RouteValueDictionary)

Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetRouteUrl(String, Object)

Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetRouteUrl(String, RouteValueDictionary)

Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetUniqueIDRelativeTo(Control)

Returns the prefixed portion of the UniqueID property of the specified control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodGetView(String)

Gets the named data source view that is associated with the data source control.(Overrides DataSourceControl.GetView(String).)

System_CAPS_protmethodGetViewNames()

Gets a collection of names representing the list of view objects that are associated with the SqlDataSource control.(Overrides DataSourceControl.GetViewNames().)

System_CAPS_pubmethodHasControls()

Determines if the server control contains any child controls. (Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_protmethodHasEvents()

Returns a value indicating whether events are registered for the control or any child controls.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodInsert()

Performs an insert operation using the InsertCommand SQL string and any parameters that are in the InsertParameters collection.

System_CAPS_protmethodIsLiteralContent()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Determines if the server control holds only literal content.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodLoadControlState(Object)

Restores control-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveControlState method.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodLoadViewState(Object)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Loads the state of the properties in the SqlDataSource control that need to be persisted.(Overrides Control.LoadViewState(Object).)

System_CAPS_protmethodMapPathSecure(String)

Retrieves the physical path that a virtual path, either absolute or relative, maps to.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnBubbleEvent(Object, EventArgs)

Determines whether the event for the server control is passed up the page's UI server control hierarchy.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnDataBinding(EventArgs)

Raises the DataBinding event.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnInit(EventArgs)

Adds a LoadComplete event handler to the Page control that contains the SqlDataSource control.(Overrides Control.OnInit(EventArgs).)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnLoad(EventArgs)

Raises the Load event.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnPreRender(EventArgs)

Raises the PreRender event.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOnUnload(EventArgs)

Raises the Unload event.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodOpenFile(String)

Gets a Stream used to read a file.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRaiseBubbleEvent(Object, EventArgs)

Assigns any sources of the event and its information to the control's parent.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRaiseDataSourceChangedEvent(EventArgs)

Raises the DataSourceChanged event.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRemovedControl(Control)

Called after a child control is removed from the Controls collection of the Control object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRender(HtmlTextWriter)

Sends server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRenderChildren(HtmlTextWriter)

Outputs the content of a server control's children to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter)

Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object and stores tracing information about the control if tracing is enabled. (Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_protmethodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter, ControlAdapter)

Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object using a provided ControlAdapter object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodResolveAdapter()

Gets the control adapter responsible for rendering the specified control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodResolveClientUrl(String)

Gets a URL that can be used by the browser.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodResolveUrl(String)

Converts a URL into one that is usable on the requesting client.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodSaveControlState()

Saves any server control state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_protmethodSaveViewState()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Saves the current view state of the SqlDataSource control.(Overrides Control.SaveViewState().)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelect(DataSourceSelectArguments)

Retrieves data from the underlying database by using the SelectCommand SQL string and any parameters that are in the SelectParameters collection.

System_CAPS_protmethodSetDesignModeState(IDictionary)

Sets design-time data for a control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSetRenderMethodDelegate(RenderMethod)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Assigns an event handler delegate to render the server control and its content into its parent control.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSetTraceData(Object, Object)

Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the trace data key and the trace data value.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSetTraceData(Object, Object, Object)

Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the traced object, the trace data key, and the trace data value.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodTrackViewState()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Tracks view state changes to the SqlDataSource control so that the changes can be stored in the System.Web.UI.StateBag object for the control.(Overrides Control.TrackViewState().)

System_CAPS_pubmethodUpdate()

Performs an update operation using the UpdateCommand SQL string and any parameters that are in the UpdateParameters collection.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubeventDataBinding

Occurs when the server control binds to a data source.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventDeleted

Occurs when a delete operation has completed.

System_CAPS_pubeventDeleting

Occurs before a delete operation.

System_CAPS_pubeventDisposed

Occurs when a server control is released from memory, which is the last stage of the server control lifecycle when an ASP.NET page is requested.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventFiltering

Occurs before a filter operation.

System_CAPS_pubeventInit

Occurs when the server control is initialized, which is the first step in its lifecycle.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventInserted

Occurs when an insert operation has completed.

System_CAPS_pubeventInserting

Occurs before an insert operation.

System_CAPS_pubeventLoad

Occurs when the server control is loaded into the Page object.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventPreRender

Occurs after the Control object is loaded but prior to rendering.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventSelected

Occurs when a data retrieval operation has completed.

System_CAPS_pubeventSelecting

Occurs before a data retrieval operation.

System_CAPS_pubeventUnload

Occurs when the server control is unloaded from memory.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubeventUpdated

Occurs when an update operation has completed.

System_CAPS_pubeventUpdating

Occurs before an update operation.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_priveventIDataSource.DataSourceChanged

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Occurs when a data source control has changed in a way that affects data-bound controls. (Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIListSource.GetList()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets a list of data source controls that can be used as sources of lists of data.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeState()

For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeState.(Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeState(IDictionary)

For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControl(Control)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControl. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIDataSource.GetView(String)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets the named DataSourceView object associated with the DataSourceControl control. Some data source controls support only one view, while others support more than one.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIDataSource.GetViewNames()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets a collection of names, representing the list of DataSourceView objects associated with the DataSourceControl control.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject(Object)

For a description of this member, see IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIListSource.ContainsListCollection

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Indicates whether the data source control is associated with one or more lists of data.(Inherited from DataSourceControl.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilder

For a description of this member, see IControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilder. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIControlDesignerAccessor.UserData

For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.UserData. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindings

For a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindings

For a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIExpressionsAccessor.Expressions

For a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.Expressions. (Inherited from Control.)

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressions

For a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressions. (Inherited from Control.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodFindDataSourceControl()

Returns the data source that is associated with the data control for the specified control.(Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFindFieldTemplate(String)

Returns the field template for the specified column in the specified control's naming container.(Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFindMetaTable()

Returns the metatable object for the containing data control.(Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetDefaultValues()

Overloaded. Gets the collection of the default values for the specified data source.(Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetMetaTable()

Overloaded. Gets the metadata for a table in the specified data source object.(Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodTryGetMetaTable(MetaTable)

Overloaded. Determines whether table metadata is available.(Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)

The SqlDataSource data source control represents data in an SQL relational database to data-bound controls. You can use the SqlDataSource control in conjunction with a data-bound control to retrieve data from a relational database and to display, edit, and sort data on a Web page with little or no code.

To connect to a database, you must set the ConnectionString property to a valid connection string. The SqlDataSource can support any SQL relational database that can be connected to using an ADO.NET provider, such as the SqlClient, OleDb, Odbc, or OracleClient provider. For information about how to secure connection strings, see How To: Secure Connection Strings when Using Data Source Controls.

To retrieve data from an underlying database, set the SelectCommand property with an SQL query. If the database that the SqlDataSource is associated with supports stored procedures, you can set the SelectCommand property to the name of a stored procedure. The SQL query that you specify can also be a parameterized query. You can add Parameter objects that are associated with a parameterized query to the SelectParameters collection. For more information about parameterized SQL queries and their syntax, see Using Parameters with Data Source Controls for Filtering.

The SqlDataSource control retrieves data whenever the Select method is called. This method provides programmatic access to the method that is specified by SelectMethod property. The Select method is automatically called by controls that are bound to the SqlDataSource when their DataBind method is called. If you set the DataSourceID property of a data-bound control, the control automatically binds to data from the data source, as required. Setting the DataSourceID property is the recommended method for binding an ObjectDataSource control to a data-bound control. Alternatively, you can use the DataSource property, but then you must explicitly call the DataBind method of the data-bound control. Some examples of data-bound controls that can use SqlDataSource are DataGrid, DetailsView, DataList, and DropDownList. You can call the Select method programmatically at any time to retrieve data from the underlying database.

In declarative and programmatic ASP.NET scenarios, you can set the DataSourceID property of the data-bound control to the ID of the SqlDataSource control. You can also assign an instance of the SqlDataSource class to the DataSource property of the data-bound control. For more information about binding data-bound control to data source controls, see ASP.NET Data Access Options.

Depending on the capabilities of the underlying database product and the configuration of the instance of the SqlDataSource class, you can perform data operations, such as updates, inserts, and deletes. To perform these data operations, set the appropriate command text and any associated parameters for the operation that you want to perform. For example, for an update operation, set the UpdateCommand property to an SQL string or the name of a stored procedure and add any required parameters to the UpdateParameters collection. The update is performed when the Update method is called, either explicitly by your code or automatically by a data-bound control. The same general pattern is followed for Delete and Insert operations.

The SQL queries and commands that you use in the SelectCommand, UpdateCommand, InsertCommand, and DeleteCommand properties can be parameterized. This means that the query or command can use placeholders instead of literal values and bind the placeholders to application or user-defined variables. You can bind parameters in SQL queries to Session variables, values that are passed on the query string for a Web Forms page, the property values of other server controls, and more. For more information about how to use parameters in SQL queries with the SqlDataSource, see Using Parameters with Data Source Controls for Filtering and Using Parameters with the SqlDataSource Control.

System_CAPS_noteNote

By default, if one of the parameters is null when you execute a Select command, no data will be returned and no exception will be thrown. You can change this behavior by setting the CancelSelectOnNullParameter property to false.

By default, the SqlDataSource control works with the .NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server, but SqlDataSource is not Microsoft SQL Server–specific. You can connect the SqlDataSource control with any database product for which there is a managed ADO.NET provider. When used with the System.Data.OleDb provider, the SqlDataSource can work with any OLE DB-compliant database. When used with the System.Data.Odbc provider, the SqlDataSource can be used with any ODBC driver and database, including IBM DB2, MySQL, and PostgreSQL. When used with the System.Data.OracleClient provider, the SqlDataSource can work with Oracle 8.1.7 databases and later. The list of allowable providers is registered in the DbProviderFactories section of the configuration file, either in the Machine.config or Web.config file. For more information, see Selecting Data Using the SqlDataSource Control.

If you display data on your page using a SqlDataSource control, you can increase the performance of the page by using the data caching capabilities of the data source control. Caching reduces the processing load on the database servers at the expense of memory on the Web server; in most cases, this is a good trade-off. The SqlDataSource automatically caches data when the EnableCaching property is set to true and the CacheDuration property is set to the number of seconds that the cache stores data before the cache entry is discarded. You can also specify a CacheExpirationPolicy and an optional SqlCacheDependency value.

The SqlDataSource provides additional capabilities, as listed in the following table.

Capability

Requirements

Caching

Set the DataSourceMode property to the DataSet value, the EnableCaching property to true, and the CacheDuration and CacheExpirationPolicy properties according to the caching behavior you want for your cached data.

Deleting

Set the DeleteCommand property to an SQL statement used to delete data. This statement is typically parameterized.

Filtering

Set the DataSourceMode property to the DataSet value. Set the FilterExpression property to a filtering expression used to filter the data when the Select method is called.

Inserting

Set the InsertCommand property to an SQL statement used to insert data. This statement is typically parameterized.

Paging

Not currently supported by the SqlDataSource, however some data-bound controls, such as GridView, support paging when you set the DataSourceMode property to the DataSet value.

Selecting

Set the SelectCommand property to an SQL statement used to retrieve data.

Sorting

Set the DataSourceMode property to DataSet.

Updating

Set the UpdateCommand property to an SQL statement used to update data. This statement is typically parameterized.

As with all data source controls, the SqlDataSource control is associated with a data source view class. The SqlDataSource control has only one associated SqlDataSourceView, and it is always named Table.

There is no visual rendering of the SqlDataSource control; it is implemented as a control so that you can create it declaratively and, optionally, to allow it to participate in state management. As a result, the SqlDataSource does not support visual features, such as the ones that are provided by the EnableTheming or SkinID property.

<asp:SqlDataSource
    CacheDuration="string|Infinite"
    CacheExpirationPolicy="Absolute|Sliding"
    CacheKeyDependency="string"
    CancelSelectOnNullParameter="True|False"
    ConflictDetection="OverwriteChanges|CompareAllValues"
    ConnectionString="string"
    DataSourceMode="DataReader|DataSet"
    DeleteCommand="string"
    DeleteCommandType="Text|StoredProcedure"
    EnableCaching="True|False"
    EnableTheming="True|False"
    EnableViewState="True|False"
    FilterExpression="string"
    ID="string"
    InsertCommand="string"
    InsertCommandType="Text|StoredProcedure"
    OldValuesParameterFormatString="string"
    OnDataBinding="DataBinding event handler"
    OnDeleted="Deleted event handler"
    OnDeleting="Deleting event handler"
    OnDisposed="Disposed event handler"
    OnFiltering="Filtering event handler"
    OnInit="Init event handler"
    OnInserted="Inserted event handler"
    OnInserting="Inserting event handler"
    OnLoad="Load event handler"
    OnPreRender="PreRender event handler"
    OnSelected="Selected event handler"
    OnSelecting="Selecting event handler"
    OnUnload="Unload event handler"
    OnUpdated="Updated event handler"
    OnUpdating="Updating event handler"
    ProviderName="string|System.Data.Odbc|System.Data.OleDb|
        System.Data.OracleClient|System.Data.SqlClient|
        Microsoft.SqlServerCe.Client"
    runat="server"
    SelectCommand="string"
    SelectCommandType="Text|StoredProcedure"
    SkinID="string"
    SortParameterName="string"
    SqlCacheDependency="string"
    UpdateCommand="string"
    UpdateCommandType="Text|StoredProcedure"
    Visible="True|False"
>
        <DeleteParameters>
                <asp:ControlParameter
                    ControlID="string"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:CookieParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    CookieName="string"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:FormParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    FormField="string"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:Parameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:ProfileParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:QueryStringParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    QueryStringField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:SessionParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    SessionField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
        </DeleteParameters>
        <FilterParameters>
                <asp:ControlParameter
                    ControlID="string"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:CookieParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    CookieName="string"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:FormParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    FormField="string"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:Parameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:ProfileParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:QueryStringParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    QueryStringField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:SessionParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    SessionField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
        </FilterParameters>
        <InsertParameters>
                <asp:ControlParameter
                    ControlID="string"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:CookieParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    CookieName="string"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:FormParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    FormField="string"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:Parameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:ProfileParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:QueryStringParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    QueryStringField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:SessionParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    SessionField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
        </InsertParameters>
        <SelectParameters>
                <asp:ControlParameter
                    ControlID="string"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:CookieParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    CookieName="string"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:FormParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    FormField="string"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:Parameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:ProfileParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:QueryStringParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    QueryStringField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:SessionParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    SessionField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
        </SelectParameters>
        <UpdateParameters>
                <asp:ControlParameter
                    ControlID="string"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:CookieParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    CookieName="string"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:FormParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    FormField="string"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:Parameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:ProfileParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    PropertyName="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:QueryStringParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    QueryStringField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
                <asp:SessionParameter
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DefaultValue="string"
                    Direction="Input|Output|InputOutput|ReturnValue"
                    Name="string"
                    SessionField="string"
                    Size="integer"
                    Type="Empty|Object|DBNull|Boolean|Char|SByte|
                        Byte|Int16|UInt16|Int32|UInt32|Int64|UInt64|
                        Single|Double|Decimal|DateTime|String"
                />
        </UpdateParameters>
</asp:SqlDataSource>

A Visual Studio Web site project with source code is available to accompany this topic: Download.

This section contains four code examples:

  • The first code example demonstrates how to display data from SQL Server in a GridView control using declarative syntax.

  • The second code example demonstrates how to display data from an ODBC-compliant database in a GridView control using declarative syntax.

  • The third code example demonstrates how to display and update data in a GridView control.

  • The fourth code example demonstrates how to display and update data in a DropDownList control.

    System_CAPS_noteNote

    These examples show how to use declarative syntax for data access. For information about how to access data by using code instead of markup, see Accessing Data in Visual Studio.

The following code example demonstrates how to use a SqlDataSource control declaratively to retrieve data from SQL Server and display it in a GridView control.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:SqlDataSource
          id="SqlDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          DataSourceMode="DataReader"
          ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
          SelectCommand="SELECT FirstName, LastName, Title FROM Employees">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <asp:GridView
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
      </asp:GridView>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following code example demonstrates how to use a SqlDataSource control declaratively to retrieve data from an ODBC-compliant database and display it in a GridView control. The ProviderName property is the name of the .NET Framework Data Provider for ODBC, which is System.Data.Odbc.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <!-- This example uses a Northwind database that is hosted by an ODBC-compliant
         database. To run this sample, create an ODBC DSN to any database that hosts
         the Northwind database, including Microsoft SQL Server or Microsoft Access,
         change the name of the DSN in the ConnectionString, and view the page.
    -->
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:SqlDataSource
          id="SqlDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          ProviderName="System.Data.Odbc"
          DataSourceMode="DataReader"
          ConnectionString="dsn=myodbc3dsn;"
          SelectCommand="SELECT FirstName, LastName, Title FROM Employees">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <asp:GridView
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
      </asp:GridView>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following code example demonstrates a common display and update scenario with the GridView control. As with the previous examples, data from the Northwind database is displayed in the GridView control. Additionally, because an UpdateCommand property is specified and the AutoGenerateEditButton property is set to true, you can edit and update the records with no additional code. The GridView control automatically handles adding parameters to the UpdateParameters collection and calls the Update method when the Update button in the GridView control is clicked.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:SqlDataSource
          id="SqlDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          DataSourceMode="DataSet"
          ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
          SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID,FirstName,LastName,Title FROM Employees"
          UpdateCommand="Update Employees SET FirstName=@FirstName,LastName=@LastName,Title=@Title WHERE EmployeeID=@EmployeeID">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <asp:GridView
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          AutoGenerateColumns="False"
          DataKeyNames="EmployeeID"
          AutoGenerateEditButton="True"
          DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
          <columns>
              <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" />
              <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" />
              <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Title" DataField="Title" />
          </columns>

      </asp:GridView>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following code example demonstrates a common display and update scenario with the DropDownList and TextBox controls. The DropDownList control does not automatically add update parameters to the UpdateParameters collection nor call the Update method, so you must do so. The update parameters are specified declaratively and you can add an event handler to perform the Update operation when an event is raised.

System_CAPS_security Security Note

This example includes a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@Page  Language="C#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
 private void On_Click(Object source, EventArgs e) {
    try {
        SqlDataSource1.Update();
    }
    catch (Exception except) {
        // Handle the Exception.
    }

    Label2.Text="The record was updated successfully!";
 }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
      <asp:SqlDataSource
          id="SqlDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
          SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID, LastName, Address FROM Employees"
          UpdateCommand="UPDATE Employees SET Address=@Address WHERE EmployeeID=@EmployeeID">
          <UpdateParameters>
              <asp:ControlParameter Name="Address" ControlId="TextBox1" PropertyName="Text"/>
              <asp:ControlParameter Name="EmployeeID" ControlId="DropDownList1" PropertyName="SelectedValue"/>
          </UpdateParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <asp:DropDownList
          id="DropDownList1"
          runat="server"
          DataTextField="LastName"
          DataValueField="EmployeeID"
          DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
      </asp:DropDownList>

      <br />
      <asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server" Text="Enter a new address for the selected user."
        AssociatedControlID="TextBox1" />
      <asp:TextBox id="TextBox1" runat="server" />
      <asp:Button id="Submit" runat="server" Text="Submit" OnClick="On_Click" />

      <br /><asp:Label id="Label2" runat="server" Text="" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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