2.2 Message Syntax

A client exchanges messages with a server to access resources on the server. These messages are called SMB messages or SMBs. Every SMB message has a common format, as defined in [MS-CIFS] section 2.2.

All SMB messages MUST begin with a fixed-length SMB header (as specified in [MS-CIFS], section 2.2.1). The header contains a command field that indicates the operation code that the client requests or to which the server responds. An SMB message is of variable length. The actual length depends on the SMB command field (and consequent appended data structures) and whether the SMB message is a client request or a server response.

Unless otherwise indicated, numeric fields are integers of the specified byte length.

Unless otherwise specified, multibyte fields (that is, 16-bit, 32-bit, and 64-bit fields) in an SMB message MUST be transmitted in little-endian byte order (least significant byte first).

Unless otherwise noted, fields marked as Reserved SHOULD be set to zero when being sent and MUST be ignored upon receipt. Unless otherwise noted, unused or reserved bits in bit fields SHOULD be set to zero when being sent and MUST be ignored upon receipt.

When an error occurs, unless otherwise noted in this specification, an SMB server SHOULD return an Error Response message. An Error Response message is comprised of a complete SMB header, along with an empty parameter and data portion.<5>

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