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Expand All Datagram-Style Authentication

Datagram-style authentication is another DCE RPC-inspired variation. In summary, datagram style initializes the security context but does not transmit the authentication message. Instead, the first application data packet is signed or encrypted as decided by the higher-level application protocol and sent to the server. The server, presented with a packet for which it has no security context, sends a demand for authentication back to the client. At that point, the client sends the authentication token previously obtained from the authentication mechanism. Authentication proceeds as normal.

When authentication is complete, the server verifies or decrypts the application packet. An application protocol that uses this datagram capability MUST have the means within the application protocol to indicate the nature of the security mechanism that is used (if mechanisms other than the Kerberos V5 protocol are possible), and the nature of the protection (signature or encryption) that is applied to the application protocol message. For DCE RPC the application packet is not retransmitted. Therefore, the session key that will be used MUST be decided by the client before any communication with the server. This precludes the sub-session key option of the Kerberos V5 protocol.

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