ConnectSwitchPort method of the Msvm_VirtualSwitchManagementService class

Connects a switch port to a LAN endpoint. Upon success of the connection, an active connection instance will be created that associates the port with the LAN endpoint.

Syntax


uint32 ConnectSwitchPort(
  [in]  Msvm_SwitchPort       REF SwitchPort,
  [in]  CIM_LANEndpoint       REF LANEndpoint,
  [out] Msvm_ActiveConnection REF ActiveConnection
);

Parameters

SwitchPort [in]

Type: Msvm_SwitchPort

The switch port to be connected to the LAN endpoint. See Msvm_SwitchPort.

LANEndpoint [in]

Type: CIM_LANEndpoint

The LAN endpoint to be connected to the switch port. See CIM_LANEndpoint.

ActiveConnection [out]

Type: Msvm_ActiveConnection

Upon successful completion of this method, this parameter contains the created connection association. See Msvm_ActiveConnection.

Return value

Type: uint32

The method returns 0 if it succeeded synchronously. Any other return value indicates an error.

Remarks

Access to the Msvm_VirtualSwitchManagementService class might be restricted by UAC Filtering. For more information, see User Account Control and WMI.

Examples

The following C# sample connects a switch port. The referenced utilities can be found in Common Utilities for the Virtualization Samples.


using System;
using System.Management;

namespace HyperVSamples
{
    class ConnectSwitchPortClass
    {
        ManagementObject switchService = null;
        ManagementScope scope = null;

        ConnectSwitchPortClass()
        {
            scope = new ManagementScope(@"root\virtualization", null);
            switchService = Utility.GetServiceObject(scope, "Msvm_VirtualSwitchManagementService");
        }

        ManagementObject GetVirtualSwitch(string switchName)
        {
            string query = string.Format("select * from Msvm_VirtualSwitch where ElementName = '{0}'", switchName);

            ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher(scope, new ObjectQuery(query));

            ManagementObjectCollection virtualSwitchs = searcher.Get();

            ManagementObject virtualSwitch = null;

            foreach (ManagementObject instance in virtualSwitchs)
            {
                virtualSwitch = instance;
                break;
            }

            searcher.Dispose();
            return virtualSwitch;
        }

        ManagementObject GetVirtualSwitchPort(ManagementObject virtualSwitch, string switchPortName)
        {
            ManagementObjectCollection switchPorts = virtualSwitch.GetRelated
             (
                 "Msvm_SwitchPort",
                 "Msvm_HostedAccessPoint",
                 null,
                 null,
                 "Dependent",
                 "Antecedent",
                 false,
                 null
             );

            ManagementObject switchPort = null;

            foreach (ManagementObject instance in switchPorts)
            {
                if (instance["ElementName"].ToString().ToLower() == switchPortName.ToLower())
                {
                    switchPort = instance;
                    break;
                }
            }

            return switchPort;
        }


        ManagementObject GetVMEthernetPort(string vmName, string vmEthernetPortClass)
        {
            ManagementObject vmEthernetPort = null;
            ManagementObject computerSystem = Utility.GetTargetComputer(vmName, scope);

            ManagementObjectCollection vmEthernetPorts = computerSystem.GetRelated
            (
                vmEthernetPortClass,
                "Msvm_SystemDevice",
                null,
                null,
                "PartComponent",
                "GroupComponent",
                false,
                null
            );

            foreach (ManagementObject instance in vmEthernetPorts)
            {
                vmEthernetPort = instance;
                break;

            }

            return vmEthernetPort;
        }

        ManagementObject GetVMLanEndPoint(ManagementObject vmEthernetPort)
        {
            ManagementObjectCollection vmEndPoints = vmEthernetPort.GetRelated
             (
                 "Msvm_VMLanEndPoint",
                 "Msvm_DeviceSAPImplementation",
                 null,
                 null,
                 "Dependent",
                 "Antecedent",
                 false,
                 null
             );

            ManagementObject vmEndPoint = null;

            foreach (ManagementObject instance in vmEndPoints)
            {
                vmEndPoint = instance;
                break;
            }

            return vmEndPoint;
        }

        void ConnectSwitchPort(ManagementObject switchPort, ManagementObject LanEndPoint)
        {
            ManagementBaseObject inParams = switchService.GetMethodParameters("ConnectSwitchPort");

            inParams["SwitchPort"] = switchPort.Path.Path;
            inParams["LANEndpoint"] = LanEndPoint.Path.Path;
            ManagementBaseObject outParams = switchService.InvokeMethod("ConnectSwitchPort", inParams, null);
            if ((UInt32)outParams["ReturnValue"] == ReturnCode.Completed)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("{0} was connected successfully", switchPort.Path.Path);
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Failed to connect {0} switch port.", switchPort.Path.Path);
            }
            inParams.Dispose();
            outParams.Dispose();
            switchPort.Dispose();
            switchService.Dispose();
        }

        static void Usage()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Usage: ConnectSwitchPort SwitchName SwitchPortName vmName vmNicType");
            Console.WriteLine("vmNicType: Synthetic|Emulated");
            Console.WriteLine("Example: ConnectSwitchPort {0} \"{1}\" {2} {3}",
                "MyFirstSwitch",
                "VM Switch Port",
                "MyFirstVM",
                "Emulated"
                );
        }

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            if (args != null && args.Length != 4)
            {
                Usage();
                return;
            }

            string switchName = args[0];
            string switchPortName = args[1];
            string vmName = args[2];
            string vmNicType = args[3];

            string vmNicClassName = null;

            if (vmNicType.ToLower() == "emulated")
            {
                vmNicClassName = "Msvm_EmulatedEthernetPort";
            }
            else if (vmNicType.ToLower() == "synthetic")
            {
                vmNicClassName = "Msvm_SyntheticEthernetPort";
            }
            else
            {
                Usage();
            }


            ConnectSwitchPortClass connectSwitchPort = new ConnectSwitchPortClass();
            ManagementObject virtualSwitch = connectSwitchPort.GetVirtualSwitch(switchName);
            ManagementObject virtualSwitchPort = connectSwitchPort.GetVirtualSwitchPort(virtualSwitch, switchPortName);
            ManagementObject vmNic = connectSwitchPort.GetVMEthernetPort(vmName, vmNicClassName);
            ManagementObject vmLanEndPoint = connectSwitchPort.GetVMLanEndPoint(vmNic);
            connectSwitchPort.ConnectSwitchPort(virtualSwitchPort, vmLanEndPoint);

            virtualSwitch.Dispose();
            virtualSwitchPort.Dispose();
            vmNic.Dispose();
            vmLanEndPoint.Dispose();
        }
    }
}


The following VBScript sample connects a switch port.


option explicit 

dim objWMIService
dim switchService
dim fileSystem

const wmiStarted = 4096
const wmiSuccessful = 0

Main()

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Main
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Sub Main()
    dim computer, objArgs
    dim switchFriendlyName, switchPortFriendlyName, switch, switchPort
    dim vmName, vmEthernetPortType, vmEthernetPortClassName
    dim vmEthernetPort, vmEthernetPortEndPoint

    set objArgs = WScript.Arguments
    if WScript.Arguments.Count = 4 then
       switchFriendlyName = objArgs.Unnamed.Item(0)
       switchPortFriendlyName = objArgs.Unnamed.Item(1)
       vmName = objArgs.Unnamed.Item(2)
       vmEthernetPortType = objArgs.Unnamed.Item(3)
       vmEthernetPortClassName = GetEthernetPortClassName(vmEthernetPortType)
    else
       Usage()
    end if     
    
    set fileSystem = Wscript.CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
    computer = "."    

    set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & computer & "\root\virtualization")
    set switchService = objWMIService.ExecQuery("select * from Msvm_VirtualSwitchManagementService").ItemIndex(0)
    
    set switch = GetVirtualSwitch(switchFriendlyName)
    if (switch Is Nothing) then
        WriteLog Format1("Unable to find switch {0}", switchFriendlyName)
        WScript.Quit(1)   
    end if
    
    set switchPort = GetVirtualSwitchPort(switch, switchPortFriendlyName)

    if (switchPort Is Nothing) then
        WriteLog Format1("Unable to find switchPort '{0}'", switchPortFriendlyName)
        WScript.Quit(1)   
    end if  
    
    set vmEthernetPort = GetVMEthernetPort(vmName, vmEthernetPortClassName) 
    if (vmEthernetPort Is Nothing) then
        WriteLog Format1("Unable to find VM {0} instance.", vmEthernetPortClassName)
        WScript.Quit(1)
    end if

    set vmEthernetPortEndPoint = GetVMEthernetPortEndPoint(vmEthernetPort)
    if (vmEthernetPortEndPoint Is Nothing) then
        WriteLog Format1("Unable to find VM {0} endpoint.", vmEthernetPortClassName)
        WScript.Quit(1)
    end if
    
    if ConnectSwitchPort(switchPort, vmEthernetPortEndPoint) then
        WriteLog "Done"
        WScript.Quit(0)
    else
        WriteLog "ConnectSwitchPort failed"
        WScript.Quit(1)
    end if

End Sub

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Display command line help
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Sub Usage()

    WScript.Echo "usage: cscript ConnectSwitchPort SwitchFriendlyName" &_
                  "SwitchPortFriendlyName vmFriendlyName" &_
                  "vmEthernetPortType"
    WScript.Echo "vmEthernetPortType: Synthetic | Emulated" & vbcrlf 
    
    WScript.Echo "Example: cscript ConnectSwitchPort ""First VirtualSwitch"" " &_
                 """First VirtualSwitch Port"" MyFirstVM Emulated"
    WScript.Quit(1)

End Sub

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Get vm Ethernet port WMI class name
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function GetEthernetPortClassName(vmEthernetportType)

    if lcase(vmEthernetPortType) = "emulated" then
       GetEthernetPortClassName = "Msvm_EmulatedEthernetPort"
    elseif lcase(vmEthernetPortType) = "synthetic" then
       GetEthernetPortClassName = "Msvm_SyntheticEthernetPort"
    else
       usage()
    end if 

End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Retrieve VirtualSwitch 
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function GetVirtualSwitch(friendlyName)
    dim query
    set GetVirtualSwitch = Nothing
    query = Format1("select * from Msvm_VirtualSwitch where ElementName = '{0}'", friendlyName)
    set GetVirtualSwitch= objWMIService.ExecQuery(query).ItemIndex(0)
End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Retrieve VirtualSwitchPort
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function GetVirtualSwitchPort(switch, switchPortFriendlyName)
    dim query, switchPort, switchPorts
    set GetVirtualSwitchPort = Nothing
    query = Format1("ASSOCIATORS OF {{0}} WHERE resultClass = Msvm_SwitchPort", switch.Path_.Path)
    set switchPorts= objWMIService.ExecQuery(query)
    for each switchPort in switchPorts
        if lcase(switchPort.ElementName) = lcase(switchPortFriendlyName) then
            set GetVirtualSwitchPort = switchPort
        end if
    next
End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Get VM Ethernet port
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function GetVMEthernetPort(vmName, vmEthernetPortClass)
    dim query, vmEthernetPort, vm
    set GetVMEthernetPort = Nothing
    
    query = Format1("select * from Msvm_ComputerSystem where ElementName = '{0}'", vmName)
    set vm= objWMIService.ExecQuery(query).ItemIndex(0)
    
    if (vm Is Nothing) then
        WriteLog Format1("Unable to find specified VM {0}", vmName)
        WScript.Quit(1)   
    end if 
    
    query = Format2("ASSOCIATORS OF {{0}} WHERE resultClass = {1}", vm.Path_.Path, vmEthernetPortClass)
    set GetVMEthernetPort = objWMIService.ExecQuery(query).itemIndex(0)
    
End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Get VM Ethernet port endpoint
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function GetVMEthernetPortEndPoint(vmEthernetPort)
    dim query, vmEthernetPorts, vm
    set GetVMEthernetPortEndPoint = Nothing
    
    query = Format1("ASSOCIATORS OF {{0}} WHERE resultClass = Msvm_VmLANEndpoint", vmEthernetPort.Path_.Path)
    set GetVMEthernetPortEndPoint = objWMIService.ExecQuery(query).ItemIndex(0)
End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Connect switch port with  vm Ethernet endpoint
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function ConnectSwitchPort(switchPort, lanEndpoint)
    dim objInParam, objOutParams
    ConnectSwitchPort = false
    set objInParam = switchService.Methods_("ConnectSwitchPort").InParameters.SpawnInstance_()
    objInParam.LANEndPoint = lanEndpoint.Path_.Path
    objInParam.SwitchPort = switchPort.Path_.Path

    set objOutParams = switchService.ExecMethod_("ConnectSwitchPort", objInParam)
    
    if objOutParams.ReturnValue = wmiSuccessful then
        ConnectSwitchPort = true
    else
        WriteLog Format1("ConnectSwitchPort failed with error code {0}", objOutParams.ReturnValue)
    end if

End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Create the console log files.
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Sub WriteLog(line)
    dim fileStream
    set fileStream = fileSystem.OpenTextFile(".\ConnectSwitchPort.log", 8, true)
    WScript.Echo line
    fileStream.WriteLine line
    fileStream.Close

End Sub

'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' The string formatting functions to avoid string concatenation.
'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Function Format2(myString, arg0, arg1)
    Format2 = Format1(myString, arg0)
    Format2 = Replace(Format2, "{1}", arg1)
End Function

'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' The string formatting functions to avoid string concatenation.
'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Function Format1(myString, arg0)
    Format1 = Replace(myString, "{0}", arg0)
End Function


Requirements

Minimum supported client

None supported

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2008

End of client support

None supported

End of server support

Windows Server 2012

Namespace

Root\Virtualization

MOF

WindowsVirtualization.mof

See also

Msvm_VirtualSwitchManagementService

 

 

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