SetCustomAttribute Method (CustomAttributeBuilder)

FieldBuilder.SetCustomAttribute Method (CustomAttributeBuilder)

 

Sets a custom attribute using a custom attribute builder.

Namespace:   System.Reflection.Emit
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public void SetCustomAttribute(
	CustomAttributeBuilder customBuilder
)

Parameters

customBuilder
Type: System.Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder

An instance of a helper class to define the custom attribute.

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

con is null.

InvalidOperationException

The parent type of this field is complete.

The following code sample illustrates the use of SetCustomAttribute in the context of FieldBuilder, using a CustomAttributeBuilder.


using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

namespace MySample
{
   [AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.All, AllowMultiple = false)]
   public class MyAttribute1 :Attribute
   {
      public string myCustomAttributeValue;
      public MyAttribute1(string myString)
      {
         myCustomAttributeValue = myString;

      }
   }
   [AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.All, AllowMultiple = false)]
   public class MyAttribute2 :Attribute
   {
      public bool myCustomAttributeValue;
      public MyAttribute2(bool myBool)
      {
         myCustomAttributeValue = myBool;

      }
   }

   class FieldBuilder_Sample
   {
      private static Type CreateCallee(AppDomain currentDomain)
      {

         // Create a simple name for the assembly.
         AssemblyName myAssemblyName = new AssemblyName();
         myAssemblyName.Name = "EmittedAssembly";
         // Create the called dynamic assembly.
         AssemblyBuilder myAssemblyBuilder =
            currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAssemblyName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave);
         ModuleBuilder myModuleBuilder =
                  myAssemblyBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("EmittedModule","EmittedModule.mod");
         // Define a public class named 'CustomClass' in the assembly.
         TypeBuilder myTypeBuilder = myModuleBuilder.DefineType("CustomClass",
            TypeAttributes.Public);
         // Define a private String field named 'MyField' in the type.
         FieldBuilder myFieldBuilder =
            myTypeBuilder.DefineField("MyField", typeof(String), FieldAttributes.Public);
         Type myAttributeType1 = typeof(MyAttribute1);
         // Create a Constructorinfo object for attribute 'MyAttribute1'.
         ConstructorInfo myConstructorInfo = myAttributeType1.GetConstructor(
            new Type[1]{typeof(string)});
         // Create the CustomAttribute instance of attribute of type 'MyAttribute1'.
         CustomAttributeBuilder attributeBuilder =
                     new CustomAttributeBuilder( myConstructorInfo,new object[1]{"Test"});
         // Set the CustomAttribute 'MyAttribute1' to the Field.
         myFieldBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(attributeBuilder);

          Type myAttributeType2 = typeof(MyAttribute2);
         // Create a Constructorinfo object for attribute 'MyAttribute2'.
        ConstructorInfo myConstructorInfo2 = myAttributeType2.GetConstructor(
            new Type[1]{typeof(bool)});
         // Set the CustomAttribute 'MyAttribute2' to the Field.
         myFieldBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myConstructorInfo2,new byte[]{01,00,01,00,00});

         // Create a method.
         MethodBuilder myMethodBuilder= myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("MyMethod",
            MethodAttributes.Public,null,new Type[2]{typeof(string),typeof(int)});

         ILGenerator myILGenerator = myMethodBuilder.GetILGenerator();
         myILGenerator.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
         myILGenerator.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1);
         myILGenerator.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, myFieldBuilder);
         myILGenerator.EmitWriteLine("Value of the Field is :");
         myILGenerator.EmitWriteLine(myFieldBuilder);
         myILGenerator.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

         return myTypeBuilder.CreateType();
      }
      public static void Main()
      {
         try
         {
            Type myCustomClass = CreateCallee(Thread.GetDomain());
            // Construct an instance of a type.
            Object myObject = Activator.CreateInstance(myCustomClass);
            Console.WriteLine( "FieldBuilder Sample");
            // Find a method in this type and call it on this object.
            MethodInfo myMethodInfo = myCustomClass.GetMethod("MyMethod");
            myMethodInfo.Invoke(myObject, new object[2]{"Sample string",3});
            // Retrieve the values of Attributes applied to field and display to console.
            FieldInfo[] myFieldInfo = myCustomClass.GetFields();
            for(int i =0;i<myFieldInfo.Length;i++)
            {
               object[] attributes = myFieldInfo[i].GetCustomAttributes(true);
               for(int index=0; index < attributes.Length; index++)
               {
                  if(attributes[index] is MyAttribute1)
                  {
                     MyAttribute1 myCustomAttribute = (MyAttribute1)attributes[index];
                     Console.WriteLine("Attribute Value of (MyAttribute1): "
                                       + myCustomAttribute.myCustomAttributeValue);
                  }
                  if(attributes[index] is MyAttribute2)
                  {
                     MyAttribute2 myCustomAttribute = (MyAttribute2)attributes[index];
                     Console.WriteLine("Attribute Value of (MyAttribute2): "
                                       + myCustomAttribute.myCustomAttributeValue);
                  }
               }
            }
         }
         catch (Exception e)
         {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception Caught "+e.Message);
         }
      }
   }
}

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
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