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bernoulli_distribution Class

Generates a Bernoulli distribution.

class bernoulli_distribution
{
public:
    // types
    typedef bool result_type;
    struct param_type;
    // constructors and reset functions
    explicit bernoulli_distribution(double p = 0.5);
    explicit bernoulli_distribution(const param_type& parm);
    void reset();
    // generating functions
    template<class URNG>
    result_type operator()(URNG& gen);
    template<class URNG>
    result_type operator()(URNG& gen, const param_type& parm);
    // property functions
    double p() const;
    param_type param() const;
    void param(const param_type& parm);
    result_type min() const;
    result_type max() const;
};

The class describes a distribution that produces values of type bool, distributed according to the Bernoulli distribution discrete probability function. The following table links to articles about individual members.

bernoulli_distribution::bernoulli_distribution

bernoulli_distribution::p

bernoulli_distribution::param

bernoulli_distribution::operator()

bernoulli_distribution::param_type

The property member p() returns the currently stored distribution parameter value p.

For more information about distribution classes and their members, see <random>.

For detailed information about the Bernoulli distribution discrete probability function, see the Wolfram MathWorld article Bernoulli Distribution.

 

// compile with: /EHsc /W4
#include <random> 
#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <string>
#include <map>

void test(const double p, const int s) {

    // uncomment to use a non-deterministic seed
    //    std::random_device rd;
    //    std::mt19937 gen(rd());
    std::mt19937 gen(1729);

    std::bernoulli_distribution distr(p);

    std::cout << "p == " << distr.p() << std::endl;

    // generate the distribution as a histogram
    std::map<bool, int> histogram;
    for (int i = 0; i < s; ++i) {
        ++histogram[distr(gen)];
    }

    // print results
    std::cout << "Histogram for " << s << " samples:" << std::endl;
    for (const auto& elem : histogram) {
        std::cout << std::boolalpha << std::setw(5) << elem.first << ' ' << std::string(elem.second, ':') << std::endl;
    }
    std::cout << std::endl;
}

int main()
{
    double p_dist = 0.5;
    int samples = 100;

    std::cout << "Use CTRL-Z to bypass data entry and run using default values." << std::endl;
    std::cout << "Enter a double value for p distribution (where 0.0 <= p <= 1.0): ";
    std::cin >> p_dist;
    std::cout << "Enter an integer value for a sample count: ";
    std::cin >> samples;

    test(p_dist, samples);
}

Use CTRL-Z to bypass data entry and run using default values.
Enter a double value for p distribution (where 0.0 <= p <= 1.0): .45
Enter an integer value for a sample count: 100
p == 0.45
Histogram for 100 samples:
false :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
 true :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Header: <random>

Namespace: std

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