gamma_distribution Class

 

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Generates a gamma distribution.

class gamma_distribution {
public:    
    // types 
    typedef RealType result_type;    
    struct param_type;    
    // constructors and reset functions 
    explicit gamma_distribution(RealType alpha = 1.0, RealType beta = 1.0);
    explicit gamma_distribution(const param_type& parm);
    void reset();
    // generating functions
    template <class URNG>  
    result_type operator()(URNG& gen);
    template <class URNG>
    result_type operator()(URNG& gen, const param_type& parm);
    // property functions
    RealType alpha() const;
    RealType beta() const;
    param_type param() const;
    void param(const param_type& parm);
    result_type min() const;
    result_type max() const;
};

Parameters

RealType
The floating-point result type, defaults to double. For possible types, see <random>.

The template class describes a distribution that produces values of a user-specified integral type, or type double if none is provided, distributed according to the Gamma Distribution. The following table links to articles about individual members.

gamma_distribution::gamma_distributiongamma_distribution::alphagamma_distribution::param
gamma_distribution::operator()gamma_distribution::betagamma_distribution::param_type

The property functions alpha() and beta() return their respective values for stored distribution parameters alpha and beta.

For more information about distribution classes and their members, see <random>.

For detailed information about the gamma distribution, see the Wolfram MathWorld article Gamma Distribution.

// compile with: /EHsc /W4  
#include <random>   
#include <iostream>  
#include <iomanip>  
#include <string>  
#include <map>  
  
void test(const double a, const double b, const int s) {  
  
    // uncomment to use a non-deterministic generator  
    //    std::random_device gen;  
  
    std::mt19937 gen(1701);  
  
    std::gamma_distribution<> distr(a, b);  
  
    std::cout << std::endl;  
    std::cout << "min() == " << distr.min() << std::endl;  
    std::cout << "max() == " << distr.max() << std::endl;  
    std::cout << "alpha() == " << std::fixed << std::setw(11) << std::setprecision(10) << distr.alpha() << std::endl;  
    std::cout << "beta() == " << std::fixed << std::setw(11) << std::setprecision(10) << distr.beta() << std::endl;  
  
    // generate the distribution as a histogram  
    std::map<double, int> histogram;  
    for (int i = 0; i < s; ++i) {  
        ++histogram[distr(gen)];  
    }  
  
    // print results  
    std::cout << "Distribution for " << s << " samples:" << std::endl;  
    int counter = 0;  
    for (const auto& elem : histogram) {  
        std::cout << std::fixed << std::setw(11) << ++counter << ": "  
            << std::setw(14) << std::setprecision(10) << elem.first << std::endl;  
    }  
    std::cout << std::endl;  
}  
  
int main()  
{  
    double a_dist = 0.0;  
    double b_dist = 1;  
  
    int samples = 10;  
  
    std::cout << "Use CTRL-Z to bypass data entry and run using default values." << std::endl;  
    std::cout << "Enter a floating point value for the 'alpha' distribution parameter (must be greater than zero): ";  
    std::cin >> a_dist;  
    std::cout << "Enter a floating point value for the 'beta' distribution parameter (must be greater than zero): ";  
    std::cin >> b_dist;  
    std::cout << "Enter an integer value for the sample count: ";  
    std::cin >> samples;  
  
    test(a_dist, b_dist, samples);  
}  
  

Use CTRL-Z to bypass data entry and run using default values.  
Enter a floating point value for the 'alpha' distribution parameter (must be greater than zero): 1  
Enter a floating point value for the 'beta' distribution parameter (must be greater than zero): 1  
Enter an integer value for the sample count: 10  
 
min() == 4.94066e-324  
max() == 1.79769e+308  
alpha() == 1.0000000000  
beta() == 1.0000000000  
Distribution for 10 samples:  
    1: 0.0936880533  
    2: 0.1225944894  
    3: 0.6443593183  
    4: 0.6551171649  
    5: 0.7313457551  
    6: 0.7313557977  
    7: 0.7590097389  
    8: 1.4466885214  
    9: 1.6434088411  
    10: 2.1201210996  

Header: <random>

Namespace: std

Constructs the distribution.

explicit gamma_distribution(RealType alpha = 1.0, RealType beta = 1.0);

 
explicit gamma_distribution(const param_type& parm);

Parameters

alpha
The alpha distribution parameter.

beta
The beta distribution parameter.

parm
The parameter structure used to construct the distribution.

Remarks

Precondition: 0.0 < alpha and 0.0 < beta

The first constructor constructs an object whose stored alpha value holds the value alpha and whose stored beta value holds the value beta.

The second constructor constructs an object whose stored parameters are initialized from parm. You can obtain and set the current parameters of an existing distribution by calling the param() member function.

Stores the parameters of the distribution.

struct param_type {  
   typedef gamma_distribution<RealType> distribution_type;  
   param_type(RealType alpha = 1.0, RealType beta 1.0);
   RealType alpha() const;
   RealType beta() const;
   .....  
   bool operator==(const param_type& right) const;
   bool operator!=(const param_type& right) const;
   };  

Parameters

See parent topic gamma_distribution Class.

Remarks

Precondition: 0.0 < alpha and 0.0 < beta

This structure can be passed to the distribution's class constructor at instantiation, to the param() member function to set the stored parameters of an existing distribution, and to operator() to be used in place of the stored parameters.

<random>

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