Was this page helpful?
Your feedback about this content is important. Let us know what you think.
Additional feedback?
1500 characters remaining
Export (0) Print
Expand All

gamma_distribution Class

Generates a gamma distribution.

template<class RealType = double>
class gamma_distribution
{
public:
    // types
    typedef RealType result_type;
    struct param_type;
    // constructors and reset functions
    explicit gamma_distribution(RealType alpha = 1.0, RealType beta = 1.0);
    explicit gamma_distribution(const param_type& parm);
    void reset();
    // generating functions
    template<class URNG>
    result_type operator()(URNG& gen);
    template<class URNG>
    result_type operator()(URNG& gen, const param_type& parm);
    // property functions
    RealType alpha() const;
    RealType beta() const;
    param_type param() const;
    void param(const param_type& parm);
    result_type min() const;
    result_type max() const;
};

RealType

The floating-point result type, defaults to double. For possible types, see <random>.

The template class describes a distribution that produces values of a user-specified integral type, or type double if none is provided, distributed according to the Gamma Distribution. The following table links to articles about individual members.

gamma_distribution::gamma_distribution

gamma_distribution::alpha

gamma_distribution::param

gamma_distribution::operator()

gamma_distribution::beta

gamma_distribution::param_type

The property functions alpha() and beta() return their respective values for stored distribution parameters alpha and beta.

For more information about distribution classes and their members, see <random>.

For detailed information about the gamma distribution, see the Wolfram MathWorld article Gamma Distribution.

 

// compile with: /EHsc /W4
#include <random> 
#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <string>
#include <map>

void test(const double a, const double b, const int s) {

    // uncomment to use a non-deterministic generator
    //    std::random_device gen;

    std::mt19937 gen(1701);

    std::gamma_distribution<> distr(a, b);

    std::cout << std::endl;
    std::cout << "min() == " << distr.min() << std::endl;
    std::cout << "max() == " << distr.max() << std::endl;
    std::cout << "alpha() == " << std::fixed << std::setw(11) << std::setprecision(10) << distr.alpha() << std::endl;
    std::cout << "beta() == " << std::fixed << std::setw(11) << std::setprecision(10) << distr.beta() << std::endl;

    // generate the distribution as a histogram
    std::map<double, int> histogram;
    for (int i = 0; i < s; ++i) {
        ++histogram[distr(gen)];
    }

    // print results
    std::cout << "Distribution for " << s << " samples:" << std::endl;
    int counter = 0;
    for (const auto& elem : histogram) {
        std::cout << std::fixed << std::setw(11) << ++counter << ": "
            << std::setw(14) << std::setprecision(10) << elem.first << std::endl;
    }
    std::cout << std::endl;
}

int main()
{
    double a_dist = 0.0;
    double b_dist = 1;

    int samples = 10;

    std::cout << "Use CTRL-Z to bypass data entry and run using default values." << std::endl;
    std::cout << "Enter a floating point value for the 'alpha' distribution parameter (must be greater than zero): ";
    std::cin >> a_dist;
    std::cout << "Enter a floating point value for the 'beta' distribution parameter (must be greater than zero): ";
    std::cin >> b_dist;
    std::cout << "Enter an integer value for the sample count: ";
    std::cin >> samples;

    test(a_dist, b_dist, samples);
}

Use CTRL-Z to bypass data entry and run using default values.
Enter a floating point value for the 'alpha' distribution parameter (must be greater than zero): 1
Enter a floating point value for the 'beta' distribution parameter (must be greater than zero): 1
Enter an integer value for the sample count: 10

min() == 4.94066e-324
max() == 1.79769e+308
alpha() == 1.0000000000
beta() == 1.0000000000
Distribution for 10 samples:
          1:   0.0936880533
          2:   0.1225944894
          3:   0.6443593183
          4:   0.6551171649
          5:   0.7313457551
          6:   0.7313557977
          7:   0.7590097389
          8:   1.4466885214
          9:   1.6434088411
         10:   2.1201210996

Header: <random>

Namespace: std

Show:
© 2015 Microsoft