STArea (geography Data Type)
Applies To: SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2016 Preview
Returns the total surface area of a geography instance. Results for STArea() are returned in the square of the unit of measure used by the spatial reference identifier of the geography instance; for example, if the SRID of the instance is 4326, STArea() returns results in square meters.
Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version), Azure SQL Database.
SQL Server return type: float
CLR return type: SqlDouble
STArea() returns 0 if a geography instance contains only 0- and 1-dimensional figures, or if it is empty.
Methods on the geography data type that produce a metric return value will have different results based on the SRID of the instance used in the method. For more information on SRIDs, see Spatial Reference Identifiers (SRIDs).
The following example uses STArea() to create a Polygon geography instance and computes the area of the polygon.
DECLARE @g geography; SET @g = geography::STGeomFromText('POLYGON((-122.358 47.653, -122.348 47.649, -122.348 47.658, -122.358 47.658, -122.358 47.653))', 4326); SELECT @g.STArea();