PathName (Transact-SQL)

 

Updated: June 2, 2016

Returns the path of a FILESTREAM binary large object (BLOB). The OpenSqlFilestream API uses this path to return a handle that an application can use to work with the BLOB data by using Win32 APIs. PathName is read-only.

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version).

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

  
column_name.PathName ( @option [ , use_replica_computer_name ] )  

column_name
Is the column name of a varbinary(max) FILESTREAM column. column_name must be a column name. It cannot be an expression nor the result of a CAST or CONVERT statement.

Requesting the PathName for a column of any other data type or for a varbinary(max) columnthat does not have the FILESTREAM storage attribute will cause a query compile-time error.

@option
An integer expression that defines how the server component of the path should be formatted. @option can be one of the following values. The default is 0.

ValueDescription
0Returns the server name converted to BIOS format, for example: \\SERVERNAME\MSSQLSERVER\v1\Archive\dbo\Records\Chart\A73F19F7-38EA-4AB0-BB89-E6C545DBD3F9
1Returns the server name without conversion, for example: \\ServerName\MSSQLSERVER\v1\Archive\dbo\Records\Chart\A73F1
2Returns the complete server path, for example: \\ServerName.MyDomain.com\MSSQLSERVER\v1\Archive\dbo\Records\Chart\A73F19F7-38EA-4AB0-BB89-E6C545DBD3F9

use_replica_computer_name
A bit value that defines how the server name should be returned in an Always On availability group.

When the database does not belong to an Always On availability group, then the value of this argument is ignored. The computer name is always used in the path.

When the database belongs to an Always On availability group, then the value of use_replica_computer_name has the following effect on the output of the PathName function:

ValueDescription
Not specified.The function returns the virtual network name (VNN) in the path.
0The function returns the virtual network name (VNN) in the path.
1The function returns the computer name in the path.

nvarchar(max)

The returned value is the fully qualified logical or NETBIOS path of the BLOB. PathName does not return an IP address. NULL is returned when the FILESTREAM BLOB has not been created.

The ROWGUID column must be visible in any query that calls PathName.

A FILESTREAM BLOB can only be created by using Transact-SQL.

A. Reading the path for a FILESTREAM BLOB

The following example assigns the PathName to an nvarchar(max) variable.

DECLARE @PathName nvarchar(max);  
SET @PathName = (  
    SELECT TOP 1 photo.PathName()  
    FROM dbo.Customer  
    WHERE LastName = 'CustomerName'  
    );  

B. Displaying the paths for FILESTREAM BLOBs in a table

The following example creates and displays the paths for three FILESTREAM BLOBs.

-- Create a FILESTREAM-enabled database.  
-- The c:\data directory must exist.  
CREATE DATABASE PathNameDB  
ON  
PRIMARY ( NAME = ArchX1,  
    FILENAME = 'c:\data\archdatP1.mdf'),  
FILEGROUP FileStreamGroup1 CONTAINS FILESTREAM( NAME = ArchX3,  
    FILENAME = 'c:\data\filestreamP1')  
LOG ON  ( NAME = ArchlogX1,  
    FILENAME = 'c:\data\archlogP1.ldf');  
GO  
  
USE PathNameDB;  
GO  
  
-- Create a table, add some records, and  
-- create the associated FILESTREAM  
-- BLOB files.  
  
CREATE TABLE TABLE1  
    (  
        ID int,  
        RowGuidColumn UNIQUEIDENTIFIER  
                      NOT NULL UNIQUE ROWGUIDCOL,  
        FILESTREAMColumn varbinary(MAX) FILESTREAM  
    );  
GO  
  
INSERT INTO TABLE1 VALUES  
 (1, NEWID(), 0x00)  
,(2, NEWID(), 0x00)  
,(3, NEWID(), 0x00);  
GO  
  
SELECT FILESTREAMColumn.PathName() AS 'PathName' FROM TABLE1;  
  
--Results  
--PathName  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
--\\SERVER\MSSQLSERVER\v1\PathNameExampleDB\dbo\TABLE1\FILESTREAMColumn\DD67C792-916E-4A76-8C8A-4A85DC5DB908  
--\\SERVER\MSSQLSERVER\v1\PathNameExampleDB\dbo\TABLE1\FILESTREAMColumn\2907122B-2560-4CB9-86DC-FBE7ABA1843B  
--\\SERVER\MSSQLSERVER\v1\PathNameExampleDB\dbo\TABLE1\FILESTREAMColumn\922BE0E0-CAB9-4403-90BF-945BD258E4BC  
--  
--(3 row(s) affected)  
GO  
  
--Drop the database to clean up.  
USE master;  
GO  
DROP DATABASE PathNameDB;  

Binary Large Object (Blob) Data (SQL Server)
GET_FILESTREAM_TRANSACTION_CONTEXT (Transact-SQL)
Access FILESTREAM Data with OpenSqlFilestream

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