PropVariantGetStringElem function

Extracts a single Unicode string element from a PROPVARIANT structure of type VT_LPWSTR, VT_BSTR, VT_VECTOR | VT_LPWSTR, VT_VECTOR | VT_BSTR, or VT_ARRAY | VT_BSTR.

Syntax


HRESULT PropVariantGetStringElem(
  _In_  REFPROPVARIANT propvar,
  _In_  ULONG          iElem,
  _Out_ PWSTR          *ppszVal
);

Parameters

propvar [in]

Type: REFPROPVARIANT

Reference to a source PROPVARIANT structure.

iElem [in]

Type: ULONG

The vector or array index; otherwise, iElem must be 0.

ppszVal [out]

Type: PWSTR*

When this function returns, contains the extracted string value. The calling application is responsible for freeing this string by calling CoTaskMemFree when it is no longer needed.

Return value

Type: HRESULT

If this function succeeds, it returns S_OK. Otherwise, it returns an HRESULT error code.

Remarks

This helper function works for PROPVARIANT structures of the following types:

  • VT_LPWSTR
  • VT_BSTR
  • VT_VECTOR | VT_LPWSTR
  • VT_VECTOR | VT_BSTR
  • VT_ARRAY | VT_BSTR

If the source PROPVARIANT has type VT_LPWSTR or VT_BSTR, iElem must be 0. Otherwise iElem must be less than the number of elements in the vector or array. You can use PropVariantGetElementCount to obtain the number of elements in the vector or array.

If a BSTR element has a NULL pointer, this function allocates an empty string.

Examples

The following code example, to be included as part of a larger program, demonstrates how to use PropVariantGetStringElem with an iteration statement to access the values in a PROPVARIANT.


// PROPVARIANT propvar;
// Assume the variable propvar is initialized and valid

if ((propvar.vt & VT_TYPEMASK) == VT_LPWSTR || (propvar.vt & VT_TYPEMASK) == VT_BSTR)
{
    UINT cElem = PropVariantGetElementCount(propvar);
    HRESULT hr = <mark type="const">S_OK</mark>;

    for (UINT iElem = 0; SUCCEEDED(hr) && iElem < cElem; iElem ++)
    {
        PWSTR pszValue;
        hr = PropVariantGetStringElem(propvar, iElem, &pszValue);

        if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
        {
            // pszValue is valid now
            CoTaskMemFree(pszValue);
        }
    }
}

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP with SP2, Windows Vista [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 with SP1 [desktop apps only]

Redistributable

Windows Desktop Search (WDS) 3.0

Header

Propvarutil.h

Library

Propsys.lib

DLL

Propsys.dll (version 6.0 or later)

See also

PropVariantGetElem

 

 

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