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How to: Page Through Query Results

This topic shows how to page the results of a query. The example gets five Product objects after skipping the first three in the query result, which is sorted by Product.ListPrice. The same example is shown using each of the following Entity Framework query technologies:

The example in this topic is based on the Adventure Works Sales Model. To run the code in this topic, you must have already added the Adventure Works Sales Model to your project and configured your project to use the Entity Framework. For more information, see How to: Use the Entity Data Model Wizard (Entity Framework) or How to: Manually Configure an Entity Framework Project and How to: Manually Define an Entity Data Model (Entity Framework).

Example

This is the LINQ to Entities example.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    // LINQ to Entities only supports Skip on ordered collections.
    IOrderedQueryable<Product> products = context.Products
            .OrderBy(p => p.ListPrice);

    IQueryable<Product> allButFirst3Products = products.Skip(3);

    Console.WriteLine("All but first 3 products:");
    foreach (Product product in allButFirst3Products)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Name: {0} \t ID: {1}",
            product.Name,
            product.ProductID);
    }
}

This is the Entity SQL example.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context =
    new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    // Create a query that takes two parameters.
    string queryString =
        @"SELECT VALUE product FROM 
          AdventureWorksEntities.Products AS product 
          order by product.ListPrice SKIP @skip LIMIT @limit";

    ObjectQuery<Product> productQuery =
        new ObjectQuery<Product>(queryString, context);

    // Add parameters to the collection.
    productQuery.Parameters.Add(new ObjectParameter("skip", 3));
    productQuery.Parameters.Add(new ObjectParameter("limit", 5));

    // Iterate through the collection of Contact items.
    foreach (Product result in productQuery)
        Console.WriteLine("ID: {0}; Name: {1}",
        result.ProductID, result.Name);
}

This is the query builder method example.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context =
    new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    // Define the parameters used to define the "page" of returned data.
    int skipValue = 3;
    int limitValue = 5;

    // Define a query that returns a "page" or the full 
    // Product data using the Skip and Top methods. 
    // When Top() follows Skip(), it acts like the LIMIT statement.
    ObjectQuery<Product> query = context.Products
        .Skip("it.ListPrice", "@skip",
                new ObjectParameter("skip", skipValue))
        .Top("@limit", new ObjectParameter("limit", limitValue));

    // Iterate through the page of Product items.
    foreach (Product result in query)
        Console.WriteLine("ID: {0}; Name: {1}",
        result.ProductID, result.Name);
}

See Also

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