Query Expression Syntax Examples: Projection

 

The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Select method and the From … From … keywords to query the AdventureWorks Sales Model using query expression syntax. From … From … is the query based equivalent of the SelectMany method. The AdventureWorks Sales model used in these examples is built from the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Objects;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;

The following example uses the Select method to return all the rows from the Product table and display the product names.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<Product> productsQuery = from product in context.Products
                                        select product;

    Console.WriteLine("Product Names:");
    foreach (var prod in productsQuery)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(prod.Name);
    }
}

The following example uses Select to return a sequence of only product names.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<string> productNames =
        from p in context.Products
        select p.Name;

    Console.WriteLine("Product Names:");
    foreach (String productName in productNames)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(productName);
    }
}

The following example uses the Select<TSource, TResult> method to project the Product.Name and Product.ProductID properties into a sequence of anonymous types.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var query =
        from product in context.Products
        select new
        {
            ProductId = product.ProductID,
            ProductName = product.Name
        };

    Console.WriteLine("Product Info:");
    foreach (var productInfo in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Product Id: {0} Product name: {1} ",
            productInfo.ProductId, productInfo.ProductName);
    }
}

The following example uses From … From … (the equivalent of the SelectMany method) to select all orders where TotalDue is less than 500.00.

decimal totalDue = 500.00M;
using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Contact> contacts = context.Contacts;
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from contact in contacts
        from order in orders
        where contact.ContactID == order.Contact.ContactID
            && order.TotalDue < totalDue
        select new
        {
            ContactID = contact.ContactID,
            LastName = contact.LastName,
            FirstName = contact.FirstName,
            OrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
            Total = order.TotalDue
        };

    foreach (var smallOrder in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Total Due: ${4} ",
            smallOrder.ContactID, smallOrder.LastName, smallOrder.FirstName,
            smallOrder.OrderID, smallOrder.Total);
    }
}

The following example uses From … From … (the equivalent of the SelectMany method) to select all orders where the order was made on October 1, 2002 or later.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Contact> contacts = context.Contacts;
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from contact in contacts
        from order in orders
        where contact.ContactID == order.Contact.ContactID
            && order.OrderDate >= new DateTime(2002, 10, 1)
        select new
        {
            ContactID = contact.ContactID,
            LastName = contact.LastName,
            FirstName = contact.FirstName,
            OrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
            OrderDate = order.OrderDate
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Order date: {4:d} ",
            order.ContactID, order.LastName, order.FirstName,
            order.OrderID, order.OrderDate);
    }
}

The following example uses a From … From … (the equivalent of the SelectMany method) to select all orders where the order total is greater than 10000.00 and uses From assignment to avoid requesting the total twice.

decimal totalDue = 10000.0M;
using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Contact> contacts = context.Contacts;
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from contact in contacts
        from order in orders
        let total = order.TotalDue
        where contact.ContactID == order.Contact.ContactID
            && total >= totalDue
        select new
        {
            ContactID = contact.ContactID,
            LastName = contact.LastName,
            OrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
            total
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Last name: {1} Order ID: {2} Total: {3}",
            order.ContactID, order.LastName, order.OrderID, order.total);
    }
}
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