Common MSBuild Project Properties

 

For the latest documentation on Visual Studio 2017 RC, see Visual Studio 2017 RC Documentation.

The following table lists frequently used properties that are defined in the Visual Studio project files or included in .targets files that MSBuild provides.

Project files in Visual Studio (.csproj,.vbproj, vcxproj, and others) contain MSBuild XML code that runs when you build a project by using the IDE. Projects typically import one or more .targets files to define their build process. For more information, see .Targets Files.

Property or Parameter NameDescription
AdditionalLibPathsSpecifies additional folders in which compilers should look for reference assemblies.
AddModulesCauses the compiler to make all type information from the specified files available to the project you are compiling. This property is equivalent to the /addModules compiler switch.
ALToolPathThe path where AL.exe can be found. This property overrides the current version of AL.exe to enable use of a different version.
ApplicationIconThe .ico icon file to pass to the compiler for embedding as a Win32 icon. The property is equivalent to the /win32icon compiler switch.
ApplicationManifestSpecifies the path of the file that is used to generate external User Account Control (UAC) manifest information. Applies only to Visual Studio projects targeting Windows Vista.

In most cases, the manifest is embedded. However, if you use Registration Free COM or ClickOnce deployment, then the manifest can be an external file that is installed together with your application assemblies. For more information, see the NoWin32Manifest property in this topic.
AssemblyOriginatorKeyFileSpecifies the file that's used to sign the assembly (.snk or .pfx) and that's passed to the ResolveKeySource Task to generate the actual key that's used to sign the assembly.
AssemblySearchPathsA list of locations to search during build-time reference assembly resolution. The order in which paths appear in this list is meaningful because paths listed earlier takes precedence over later entries.
AssemblyNameThe name of the final output assembly after the project is built.
BaseAddressSpecifies the base address of the main output assembly. This property is equivalent to the /baseaddress compiler switch.
BaseOutputPathSpecifies the base path for the output file. If it is set, MSBuild will use OutputPath = $(BaseOutputPath)\$(Configuration)\. Example syntax: <BaseOutputPath>c:\xyz\bin\</BaseOutputPath>
BaseIntermediateOutputPathThe top-level folder where all configuration-specific intermediate output folders are created. The default value is obj\. The following code is an example: <BaseIntermediateOutputPath>c:\xyz\obj\</BaseIntermediateOutputPath>
BuildInParallelA boolean value that indicates whether project references are built or cleaned in parallel when Multi-Proc MSBuild is used. The default value is true, which means that projects will be built in parallel if the system has multiple cores or processors.
BuildProjectReferencesA boolean value that indicates whether project references are built by MSBuild. Set false if you are building your project in the Visual Studio integrated development environment (IDE), true if otherwise.
CleanFileThe name of the file that will be used as the "clean cache." The clean cache is a list of generated files to be deleted during the cleaning operation. The file is put in the intermediate output path by the build process.

This property specifies only file names that do not have path information.
CodePageSpecifies the code page to use for all source-code files in the compilation. This property is equivalent to the /codepage compiler switch.
CompilerResponseFileAn optional response file that can be passed to the compiler tasks.
ConfigurationThe configuration that you are building, either "Debug" or "Release."
CscToolPathThe path of csc.exe, the Visual C# compiler.
CustomBeforeMicrosoftCommonTargetsThe name of a project file or targets file that is to be imported automatically before the common targets import.
DebugSymbolsA boolean value that indicates whether symbols are generated by the build.

Setting /p:DebugSymbols=false on the command line disables generation of program database (.pdb) symbol files.
DefineConstantsDefines conditional compiler constants. Symbol/value pairs are separated by semicolons and are specified by using the following syntax:

 symbol1 = value1 ; symbol2 = value2

The property is equivalent to the /define compiler switch.
DefineDebugA boolean value that indicates whether you want the DEBUG constant defined.
DefineTraceA boolean value that indicates whether you want the TRACE constant defined.
DebugTypeDefines the level of debug information that you want generated. Valid values are "full," "pdbonly," and "none."
DelaySignA boolean value that indicates whether you want to delay-sign the assembly rather than full-sign it.
DisabledWarningsSuppresses the specified warnings. Only the numeric part of the warning identifier must be specified. Multiple warnings are separated by semicolons. This parameter corresponds to the /nowarn switch of the vbc.exe compiler.
DisableFastUpToDateCheckA boolean value that applies to Visual Studio only. The Visual Studio build manager uses a process called FastUpToDateCheck to determine whether a project must be rebuilt to be up to date. This process is faster than using MSBuild to determine this. Setting the DisableFastUpToDateCheck property to true lets you bypass the Visual Studio build manager and force it to use MSBuild to determine whether the project is up to date.
DocumentationFileThe name of the file that is generated as the XML documentation file. This name includes only the file name and has no path information.
ErrorReportSpecifies how the compiler task should report internal compiler errors. Valid values are "prompt," "send," or "none." This property is equivalent to the /errorreport compiler switch.
ExcludeDeploymentUrlThe GenerateDeploymentManifest Task adds a deploymentProvider tag to the deployment manifest if the project file includes any of the following elements:

- UpdateUrl
- InstallUrl
- PublishUrl

Using ExcludeDeploymentUrl, however, you can prevent the deploymentProvider tag from being added to the deployment manifest even if any of the above URLs are specified. To do this, add the following property to your project file:

 <ExcludeDeploymentUrl>true</ExcludeDeploymentUrl> Note: ExcludeDeploymentUrl is not exposed in the Visual Studio IDE and can be set only by manually editing the project file. Setting this property does not affect publishing within Visual Studio; that is, the deploymentProvider tag will still be added to the URL specified by PublishUrl.
FileAlignmentSpecifies, in bytes, where to align the sections of the output file. Valid values are 512, 1024, 2048, 4096, 8192. This property is equivalent to the /filealignment compiler switch.
FrameworkPathOverrideSpecifies the location of mscorlib.dll and microsoft.visualbasic.dll. This parameter is equivalent to the /sdkpath switch of the vbc.exe compiler.
GenerateDocumentationA boolean parameter that indicates whether documentation is generated by the build. If true, the build generates documentation information and puts it in an .xml file together with the name of the executable file or library that the build task created.
IntermediateOutputPathThe full intermediate output path as derived from BaseIntermediateOutputPath, if no path is specified. For example, \obj\debug\. If this property is overridden, then setting BaseIntermediateOutputPath has no effect.
KeyContainerNameThe name of the strong-name key container.
KeyOriginatorFileThe name of the strong-name key file.
NoWin32ManifestDetermines whether the compiler generates the default Win32 manifest into the output assembly. The default value of false means that the default Win32 manifest is generated for all applications. This property is equivalent to the /nowin32manifest compiler switch of vbc.exe.
ModuleAssemblyNameThe name of the assembly that the compiled module is to be incorporated into. The property is equivalent to the /moduleassemblyname compiler switch.
NoLogoA boolean value that indicates whether you want compiler logo to be turned off. This property is equivalent to the /nologo compiler switch.
NoStdLibA boolean value that indicates whether to avoid referencing the standard library (mscorlib.dll). The default value is false.
NoVBRuntimeReferenceA boolean value that indicates whether the Visual Basic runtime (Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll) should be included as a reference in the project.
NoWin32ManifestA boolean value that indicates whether User Account Control (UAC) manifest information will be embedded in the application's executable. Applies only to Visual Studio projects targeting Windows Vista. In projects deployed using ClickOnce and Registration-Free COM, this element is ignored. False (the default value) specifies that User Account Control (UAC) manifest information be embedded in the application's executable. True specifies that UAC manifest information not be embedded.

This property applies only to Visual Studio projects targeting Windows Vista. In projects deployed using ClickOnce and Registration-Free COM, this property is ignored.

You should add NoWin32Manifest only if you do not want Visual Studio to embed any manifest information in the application's executable; this process is called virtualization. To use virtualization, set <ApplicationManifest> in conjunction with <NoWin32Manifest> as follows:

- For Visual Basic projects, remove the <ApplicationManifest> node. (In Visual Basic projects, <NoWin32Manifest> is ignored when an <ApplicationManifest> node exists.)
- For Visual C# projects, set <ApplicationManifest> to False and <NoWin32Manifest> to True. (In Visual C# projects, <ApplicationManifest> overrides <NoWin32Manifest>.)
OptimizeA boolean value that when set to true, enables compiler optimizations. This property is equivalent to the /optimize compiler switch.
OptionCompareSpecifies how string comparisons are made. Valid values are "binary" or "text." This property is equivalent to the /optioncompare compiler switch of vbc.exe.
OptionExplicitA boolean value that when set to true, requires explicit declaration of variables in the source code. This property is equivalent to the /optionexplicit compiler switch.
OptionInferA boolean value that when set to true, enables type inference of variables. This property is equivalent to the /optioninfer compiler switch.
OptionStrictA boolean value that when set to true, causes the build task to enforce strict type semantics to restrict implicit type conversions. This property is equivalent to the /optionstrict switch of the vbc.exe compiler.
OutputPathSpecifies the path to the output directory, relative to the project directory, for example, "bin\Debug".
OutputTypeSpecifies the file format of the output file. This parameter can have one of the following values:

- Library. Creates a code library. (Default value.)
- Exe. Creates a console application.
- Module. Creates a module.
- Winexe. Creates a Windows-based program.

This property is equivalent to the /target switch of the vbc.exe compiler.
OverwriteReadOnlyFilesA boolean value that indicates whether you want to enable the build to overwrite read-only files or trigger an error.
PdbFileThe file name of the .pdb file that you are emitting. This property is equivalent to the /pdb switch of the csc.exe compiler.
PlatformThe operating system you are building for. Valid values are "Any CPU", "x86", and "x64".
RemoveIntegerChecksA boolean value that indicates whether to disable integer overflow error checks. The default value is false. This property is equivalent to the /removeintchecks switch of the vbc.exe compiler.
SGenUseProxyTypesA boolean value that indicates whether proxy types should be generated by SGen.exe.

The SGen target uses this property to set the UseProxyTypes flag. This property defaults to true, and there is no UI to change this. To generate the serialization assembly for non-webservice types, add this property to the project file and set it to false before importing the Microsoft.Common.Targets or the C#/VB.targets.
SGenToolPathAn optional tool path that indicates where to obtain SGen.exe when the current version of SGen.exe is overridden.
StartupObjectSpecifies the class or module that contains the Main method or Sub Main procedure. This property is equivalent to the /main compiler switch.
ProcessorArchitectureThe processor architecture that is used when assembly references are resolved. Valid values are "msil," "x86," "amd64," or "ia64."
RootNamespaceThe root namespace to use when you name an embedded resource. This namespace is part of the embedded resource manifest name.
Satellite_AlgorithmIdThe ID of the AL.exe hashing algorithm to use when satellite assemblies are created.
Satellite_BaseAddressThe base address to use when culture-specific satellite assemblies are built by using the CreateSatelliteAssemblies target.
Satellite_CompanyNameThe company name to pass into AL.exe during satellite assembly generation.
Satellite_ConfigurationThe configuration name to pass into AL.exe during satellite assembly generation.
Satellite_DescriptionThe description text to pass into AL.exe during satellite assembly generation.
Satellite_EvidenceFileEmbeds the specified file in the satellite assembly that has the resource name "Security.Evidence."
Satellite_FileVersionSpecifies a string for the File Version field in the satellite assembly.
Satellite_FlagsSpecifies a value for the Flags field in the satellite assembly.
Satellite_GenerateFullPathsCauses the build task to use absolute paths for any files reported in an error message.
Satellite_LinkResourceLinks the specified resource files to a satellite assembly.
Satellite_MainEntryPointSpecifies the fully-qualified name (that is, class.method) of the method to use as an entry point when a module is converted to an executable file during satellite assembly generation.
Satellite_ProductNameSpecifies a string for the Product field in the satellite assembly.
Satellite_ProductVersionSpecifies a string for the ProductVersion field in the satellite assembly.
Satellite_TargetTypeSpecifies the file format of the satellite assembly output file as "library," "exe," or "win." The default value is "library."
Satellite_TitleSpecifies a string for the Title field in the satellite assembly.
Satellite_TrademarkSpecifies a string for the Trademark field in the satellite assembly.
Satellite_VersionSpecifies the version information for the satellite assembly.
Satellite_Win32IconInserts an .ico icon file in the satellite assembly.
Satellite_Win32ResourceInserts a Win32 resource (.res file) into the satellite assembly.
SubsystemVersionSpecifies the minimum version of the subsystem that the generated executable file can use. This property is equivalent to the /subsystemversion compiler switch. For information about the default value of this property, see /subsystemversion (Visual Basic) or /subsystemversion (C# Compiler Options).
TargetCompactFrameworkThe version of the .NET Compact Framework that is required to run the application that you are building. Specifying this lets you reference certain framework assemblies that you may not be able to reference otherwise.
TargetFrameworkVersionThe version of the .NET Framework that is required to run the application that you are building. Specifying this lets you reference certain framework assemblies that you may not be able to reference otherwise.
TreatWarningsAsErrorsA boolean parameter that, if true, causes all warnings to be treated as errors. This parameter is equivalent to the /nowarn compiler switch.
UseHostCompilerIfAvailableA boolean parameter that, if true, causes the build task to use the in-process compiler object, if it is available. This parameter is used only by Visual Studio.
Utf8OutputA boolean parameter that, if true, logs compiler output by using UTF-8 encoding. This parameter is equivalent to the /utf8Output compiler switch.
VbcToolPathAn optional path that indicates another location for vbc.exe when the current version of vbc.exe is overridden.
VbcVerbositySpecifies the verbosity of the Visual Basic compiler’s output. Valid values are "Quiet," "Normal" (the default value), or "Verbose."
VisualStudioVersionSpecifies the version of Visual Studio under which this project should be considered to be running. If this property isn't specified, MSBuild sets it to a reasonable default value.

This property is used in several project types to specify the set of targets that are used for the build. If ToolsVersion is set to 4.0 or higher for a project, VisualStudioVersion is used to specify which sub-toolset to use. For more information, see Toolset (ToolsVersion).
WarningsAsErrorsSpecifies a list of warnings to treat as errors. This parameter is equivalent to the /warnaserror compiler switch.
WarningsNotAsErrorsSpecifies a list of warnings that are not treated as errors. This parameter is equivalent to the /warnaserror compiler switch.
Win32ManifestThe name of the manifest file that should be embedded in the final assembly. This parameter is equivalent to the /win32Manifest compiler switch.
Win32ResourceThe file name of the Win32 resource to be embedded in the final assembly. This parameter is equivalent to the /win32resource compiler switch.

Common MSBuild Project Items

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