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How to: Filter Recurring Appointments and Search for a String in the Subject

This example filters recurring appointments that fall within a date range in a Calendar folder, and then searches in two ways for the string "office" in the subject.

To filter recurring appointments, this code sample uses the Items collection instead of the Table object, because the Table object returns only the master series appointments and does not include recurring items in the folder. To include recurring appointments when calling the Find(String) or Restrict(String) method, the code sample sets the IncludeRecurrences property of the Items collection, and then sorts appointments in the folder by their Start property. It then uses a Jet query to specify start and end dates for the recurrences.

After obtaining an Items collection of recurring appointment items that fall within the specified range of dates, the code sample carries out two more searches using DAV Searching and Locating (DASL) queries. The first search uses Items.Find, FindNext, and the like keyword to search for items that have "office" as a substring in the subject. The second search uses the Items.Restrict method and the ci_startswith keyword to search for items that have subjects beginning with "office."

If you use Microsoft Visual Studio to test this code example, you must first add a reference to the Microsoft Outlook 14.0 Object Library component and specify the Outlook variable when you import the Microsoft.Office.Interop.Outlook namespace. The Imports or using statement must not occur directly before the functions in the code example but must be added before the public Class declaration. The following lines of code show how to do the import and assignment in Visual Basic and C#.

using Outlook = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Outlook;
private void SearchRecurringAppointments()
    Outlook.AppointmentItem appt = null;
    Outlook.Folder folder =
        as Outlook.Folder;
    // Set start value
    DateTime start =
        new DateTime(2006, 8, 9, 0, 0, 0);
    // Set end value
    DateTime end =
        new DateTime(2006, 12, 14, 0, 0, 0);
    // Initial restriction is Jet query for date range
    string filter1 = "[Start] >= '" +
        + "' AND [End] <= '" +
        end.ToString("g") + "'";
    Outlook.Items calendarItems = folder.Items.Restrict(filter1);
    calendarItems.IncludeRecurrences = true;
    calendarItems.Sort("[Start]", Type.Missing);
    // Must use 'like' comparison for Find/FindNext
    string filter2;
    filter2 = "@SQL="
        + "\"" + "urn:schemas:httpmail:subject" + "\""
        + " like '%Office%'";
    // Create DASL query for additional Restrict method
    string filter3;
    if (Application.Session.DefaultStore.IsInstantSearchEnabled)
        filter3 = "@SQL="
            + "\"" + "urn:schemas:httpmail:subject" + "\""
            + " ci_startswith 'Office'";
        filter3 = "@SQL="
            + "\"" + "urn:schemas:httpmail:subject" + "\""
            + " like '%Office%'";
    // Use Find and FindNext methods
    appt = calendarItems.Find(filter2)
        as Outlook.AppointmentItem;
    while (appt != null)
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.AppendLine("Start: " + appt.Start);
        sb.AppendLine("End: " + appt.End);
        // Find the next appointment
        appt = calendarItems.FindNext()
            as Outlook.AppointmentItem;
    // Restrict calendarItems with DASL query
    Outlook.Items restrictedItems =
    foreach (Outlook.AppointmentItem apptItem in restrictedItems)
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.AppendLine("Start: " + apptItem.Start);
        sb.AppendLine("End: " + apptItem.End);

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