Enumerable.GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TResult> Method (IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, TKey>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TSource>, TResult>)


Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.

Namespace:   System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static IEnumerable<TResult> GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TResult>(
	this IEnumerable<TSource> source,
	Func<TSource, TKey> keySelector,
	Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TSource>, TResult> resultSelector


Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>

An IEnumerable<T> whose elements to group.

Type: System.Func<TSource, TKey>

A function to extract the key for each element.

Type: System.Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TSource>, TResult>

A function to create a result value from each group.

Return Value

Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TResult>

A collection of elements of type TResult where each element represents a projection over a group and its key.

Type Parameters


The type of the elements of source.


The type of the key returned by keySelector.


The type of the result value returned by resultSelector.

In query expression syntax, a group by (Visual C#) or Group By Into (Visual Basic) clause translates to an invocation of GroupBy.

The following code example demonstrates how to use GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, TKey>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TSource>, TResult>) to group the elements of a sequence and project a sequence of results of type TResult.

class Pet
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public double Age { get; set; }

public static void GroupByEx3()
    // Create a list of pets.
    List<Pet> petsList =
        new List<Pet>{ new Pet { Name="Barley", Age=8.3 },
                       new Pet { Name="Boots", Age=4.9 },
                       new Pet { Name="Whiskers", Age=1.5 },
                       new Pet { Name="Daisy", Age=4.3 } };

    // Group Pet objects by the Math.Floor of their age.
    // Then project an anonymous type from each group
    // that consists of the key, the count of the group's
    // elements, and the minimum and maximum age in the group.
    var query = petsList.GroupBy(
        pet => Math.Floor(pet.Age),
        (age, pets) => new
            Key = age,
            Count = pets.Count(),
            Min = pets.Min(pet => pet.Age),
            Max = pets.Max(pet => pet.Age)

    // Iterate over each anonymous type.
    foreach (var result in query)
        Console.WriteLine("\nAge group: " + result.Key);
        Console.WriteLine("Number of pets in this age group: " + result.Count);
        Console.WriteLine("Minimum age: " + result.Min);
        Console.WriteLine("Maximum age: " + result.Max);

    /*  This code produces the following output:

        Age group: 8
        Number of pets in this age group: 1
        Minimum age: 8.3
        Maximum age: 8.3

        Age group: 4
        Number of pets in this age group: 2
        Minimum age: 4.3
        Maximum age: 4.9

        Age group: 1
        Number of pets in this age group: 1
        Minimum age: 1.5
        Maximum age: 1.5

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 3.5
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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