Queryable.FirstOrDefault<TSource> Method (IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, Boolean>>)


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Returns the first element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element is found.

Namespace:   System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static TSource FirstOrDefault<TSource>(
	this IQueryable<TSource> source,
	Expression<Func<TSource, bool>> predicate


Type: System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource>

An IQueryable<T> to return an element from.

Type: System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource, Boolean>>

A function to test each element for a condition.

Return Value

Type: TSource

default(TSource) if source is empty or if no element passes the test specified by predicate; otherwise, the first element in source that passes the test specified by predicate.

Type Parameters


The type of the elements of source.

Exception Condition

source or predicate is null.

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T, TResult> types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

The FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, Boolean>>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, Boolean>>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the Execute<TResult>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, Boolean>>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it returns the first element in source that satisfies the condition in predicate, or a default value if no element satisfies the condition.

The following code example demonstrates how to use FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, Boolean>>) by passing in a predicate. In the second query, there is no element in the sequence that satisfies the condition.

string[] names = { "Hartono, Tommy", "Adams, Terry", 
                     "Andersen, Henriette Thaulow", 
                     "Hedlund, Magnus", "Ito, Shu" };

// Get the first string in the array that is longer
// than 20 characters, or the default value for type
// string (null) if none exists.
string firstLongName =
    names.AsQueryable().FirstOrDefault(name => name.Length > 20);

Console.WriteLine("The first long name is '{0}'.", firstLongName);

// Get the first string in the array that is longer
// than 30 characters, or the default value for type
// string (null) if none exists.
string firstVeryLongName =
    names.AsQueryable().FirstOrDefault(name => name.Length > 30);

    "There is {0} name that is longer than 30 characters.",
    string.IsNullOrEmpty(firstVeryLongName) ? "NOT a" : "a");

    This code produces the following output:

    The first long name is 'Andersen, Henriette Thaulow'.
    There is NOT a name that is longer than 30 characters.

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 3.5
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.1
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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