ThenByDescending(TSource, TKey) Method (IOrderedEnumerable(TSource), Func(TSource, TKey))

Enumerable.ThenByDescending<TSource, TKey> Method (IOrderedEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, TKey>)

Performs a subsequent ordering of the elements in a sequence in descending order, according to a key.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static IOrderedEnumerable<TSource> ThenByDescending<TSource, TKey>(
	this IOrderedEnumerable<TSource> source,
	Func<TSource, TKey> keySelector

Type Parameters


The type of the elements of source.


The type of the key returned by keySelector.


Type: System.Linq.IOrderedEnumerable<TSource>

An IOrderedEnumerable<TElement> that contains elements to sort.

Type: System.Func<TSource, TKey>

A function to extract a key from each element.

Return Value

Type: System.Linq.IOrderedEnumerable<TSource>
An IOrderedEnumerable<TElement> whose elements are sorted in descending order according to a key.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IOrderedEnumerable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).


source or keySelector is null.

This method is implemented by using deferred execution. The immediate return value is an object that stores all the information that is required to perform the action. The query represented by this method is not executed until the object is enumerated either by calling its GetEnumerator method directly or by using foreach in Visual C# or For Each in Visual Basic.

To order a sequence by the values of the elements themselves, specify the identity function (x => x in Visual C# or Function(x) x in Visual Basic) for keySelector.

ThenBy and ThenByDescending are defined to extend the type IOrderedEnumerable<TElement>, which is also the return type of these methods. This design enables you to specify multiple sort criteria by applying any number of ThenBy or ThenByDescending methods.


Because IOrderedEnumerable<TElement> inherits from IEnumerable<T>, you can call OrderBy or OrderByDescending on the results of a call to OrderBy, OrderByDescending, ThenBy or ThenByDescending. Doing this introduces a new primary ordering that ignores the previously established ordering.

This sorting method compares keys by using the default comparer Default.

This method performs a stable sort; that is, if the keys of two elements are equal, the order of the elements is preserved. In contrast, an unstable sort does not preserve the order of elements that have the same key.

In Visual C# query expression syntax, an orderby [first criterion], [second criterion] descending clause translates to an invocation of ThenByDescending.

In Visual Basic query expression syntax, an Order By [first criterion], [second criterion] Descending clause translates to an invocation of ThenByDescending.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0

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