This documentation is archived and is not being maintained.

Extensions.XPathSelectElements Method (XNode, String, IXmlNamespaceResolver)

Selects a collection of elements using an XPath expression, resolving namespace prefixes using the specified IXmlNamespaceResolver.

Namespace:  System.Xml.XPath
Assembly:  System.Xml.Linq (in System.Xml.Linq.dll)

public static IEnumerable<XElement> XPathSelectElements(
	this XNode node,
	string expression,
	IXmlNamespaceResolver resolver


Type: System.Xml.Linq.XNode
The XNode on which to evaluate the XPath expression.
Type: System.String
A String that contains an XPath expression.
Type: System.Xml.IXmlNamespaceResolver
A IXmlNamespaceResolver for the namespace prefixes in the XPath expression.

Return Value

Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<XElement>
An IEnumerable<T> of XElement that contains the selected elements.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type XNode. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).

You can use this method to evaluate XPath expressions that contain namespace prefixes.

Although the ordering of returned collections is not specified in the XML XPath Language 1.0 Recommendation, this extension method returns nodes in document order.

Note that nodes are returned in document order even when you use a reverse axis, such as preceding-sibling or ancestor-or-self.

This example creates an XML tree that contains a namespace. It uses an XmlReader to read the XML document. It then gets an XmlNameTable from the XmlReader, and an XmlNamespaceManager from the XmlNameTable. It uses the XmlNamespaceManager when selecting the list of elements.

string markup = @"
<aw:Root xmlns:aw=''>
    <aw:Child1>child one data 1</aw:Child1>
    <aw:Child1>child one data 2</aw:Child1>
    <aw:Child1>child one data 3</aw:Child1>
    <aw:Child2>child two data 4</aw:Child2>
    <aw:Child2>child two data 5</aw:Child2>
    <aw:Child2>child two data 6</aw:Child2>
XmlReader reader = XmlReader.Create(new StringReader(markup));
XElement root = XElement.Load(reader);
XmlNameTable nameTable = reader.NameTable;
XmlNamespaceManager namespaceManager = new XmlNamespaceManager(nameTable);
namespaceManager.AddNamespace("aw", "");
IEnumerable<XElement> elements = root.XPathSelectElements("./aw:Child1", namespaceManager);
foreach (XElement el in elements)

This example produces the following output:

<aw:Child1 xmlns:aw="">child one data 1</aw:Child1>
<aw:Child1 xmlns:aw="">child one data 2</aw:Child1>
<aw:Child1 xmlns:aw="">child one data 3</aw:Child1>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.