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XElement Constructor (XName, Object)

Initializes a new instance of the XElement class with the specified name and content.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Linq
Assemblies:   System.Xml.Linq (in System.Xml.Linq.dll)
  System.Xml.XDocument (in System.Xml.XDocument.dll)

public XElement(
	XName name,
	Object content
)

Parameters

name
Type: System.Xml.Linq.XName

An XName that contains the element name.

content
Type: System.Object

The contents of the element.

This constructor creates an element with the specified content and attributes.

There is an implicit conversion from string to XName. Typical use of this constructor is to specify a string as the parameter instead of creating a new XName.

When creating an element in a namespace, typical use is to use the addition operator overload with an XNamespace and a string to create an XName. For more information, see Working with XML Namespaces.

For details about the valid content that can be passed to this constructor, see Valid Content of XElement and XDocument Objects.

The following example creates an XML tree. The content of the new element comes from a LINQ query.

XElement xmlTree1 = new XElement("Root",
    new XElement("Child1", 1),
    new XElement("Child2", 2),
    new XElement("Child3", 3),
    new XElement("Child4", 4),
    new XElement("Child5", 5),
    new XElement("Child6", 6)
);

XElement xmlTree2 = new XElement("Root",
    from el in xmlTree1.Elements()
    where((int)el >= 3 && (int)el <= 5)
    select el
);
Console.WriteLine(xmlTree2);

This example produces the following output:

<Root>
  <Child3>3</Child3>
  <Child4>4</Child4>
  <Child5>5</Child5>
</Root>

The following example creates an XML tree with a variety of types of content.

XElement root;

// String content:
root = new XElement("Root", "Some text");
Console.WriteLine(root);

// XElement object content:
root = new XElement("Root", 
    new XElement("NewChild", "n")
);
Console.WriteLine(root);

// XAttribute object content:
root = new XElement("Root", 
    new XAttribute("NewAttribute", "n")
);
Console.WriteLine(root);

// Double content:
double dbl = 12.345;
root = new XElement("Root", dbl);
Console.WriteLine(root);

// DateTime content:
DateTime dt = new DateTime(2006, 10, 6, 12, 30, 00);
root = new XElement("Root", dt);
Console.WriteLine(root);

// String array content:
// Any collection other than a collection of XElement or XAttribute objects
// are converted to strings. The strings are concatenated and added.
string[] stringArray = {
    "abc",
    "def",
    "ghi"
};
root = new XElement("Root", stringArray);
Console.WriteLine(root);

// XElement object array content:
XElement[] ellArray = {
    new XElement("NewChild1", 1),
    new XElement("NewChild2", 2),
    new XElement("NewChild3", 3)
};
root = new XElement("Root", ellArray);
Console.WriteLine(root);

// XAttribute object array content:
XAttribute[] attArray = {
    new XAttribute("NewAtt1", 1),
    new XAttribute("NewAtt2", 2),
    new XAttribute("NewAtt3", 3)
};
root = new XElement("Root", attArray);
Console.WriteLine(root);

This example produces the following output:

<Root>Some text</Root>
<Root>
  <NewChild>n</NewChild>
</Root>
<Root NewAttribute="n" />
<Root>12.345</Root>
<Root>2006-10-06T12:30:00</Root>
<Root>abcdefghi</Root>
<Root>
  <NewChild1>1</NewChild1>
  <NewChild2>2</NewChild2>
  <NewChild3>3</NewChild3>
</Root>
<Root NewAtt1="1" NewAtt2="2" NewAtt3="3" />

The following example creates an XML tree in a namespace.

// Create an XML tree in a namespace.
XNamespace aw = "http://www.adventure-works.com";
XElement root = new XElement(aw + "Root",
    new XElement(aw + "Child", "child content")
);
Console.WriteLine(root);

This example produces the following output:

<Root xmlns="http://www.adventure-works.com">
  <Child>child content</Child>
</Root>

The following example creates an XML tree with nested namespaces.

// Create an XML tree with nested namespaces.
XNamespace aw = "http://www.adventure-works.com";
XNamespace fc = "www.fourthcoffee.com";
XDocument root = new XDocument(
    new XDeclaration("1.0", "utf-8", "yes"),
    new XElement(aw + "Root",
        new XElement(fc + "Child",
            new XElement(aw + "DifferentChild", "other content")
        )
    )
);
Console.WriteLine(root);

This example produces the following output:

<Root xmlns="http://www.adventure-works.com">
  <Child xmlns="www.fourthcoffee.com">
    <DifferentChild xmlns="http://www.adventure-works.com">other content</DifferentChild>
  </Child>
</Root>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8
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