ObjectQuery<T>.Except Method (ObjectQuery<T>)


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Limits the query results by excluding results based on the results of another object query.

Namespace:   System.Data.Objects
Assembly:  System.Data.Entity (in System.Data.Entity.dll)

public ObjectQuery<T> Except(
	ObjectQuery<T> query


Type: System.Data.Objects.ObjectQuery<T>

An ObjectQuery<T> that represents the results to exclude from the query.

Return Value

Type: System.Data.Objects.ObjectQuery<T>

A new ObjectQuery<T> instance that is equivalent to the original instance with EXCEPT applied based on the specified query.

Exception Condition

The query parameter is null or an empty string.

The supplied query that defines results to exclude must be of the same type or of a type that is compatible with the ObjectQuery<T>.

Parameters that are defined in the supplied query are merged with parameters that are defined in the ObjectQuery<T> instance. Parameters must be unique in the combined ObjectParameterCollection. There cannot be two parameters in the combined collection with the same name. For more information, see Query Builder Methods.

The resulting query inherits the connection from the ObjectQuery<T> instance on which Except was called.

This example is based on the AdventureWorks Sales Model. The example uses Except method to create a new ObjectQuery<T> object and then iterates through the result of the new query.

int productID = 900;
using (AdventureWorksEntities context =
    new AdventureWorksEntities())
    string queryString = @"SELECT VALUE product 
        FROM AdventureWorksEntities.Products AS product";

    ObjectQuery<Product> productQuery =
        new ObjectQuery<Product>(queryString,
            context, MergeOption.NoTracking);

    string queryString2 = @"SELECT VALUE product 
        FROM AdventureWorksEntities.Products 
        AS product WHERE product.ProductID < @productID";

    ObjectQuery<Product> productQuery2 =
        new ObjectQuery<Product>(queryString2,
            context, MergeOption.NoTracking);

    productQuery2.Parameters.Add(new ObjectParameter("productID", productID));

    ObjectQuery<Product> productQuery3 =

    Console.WriteLine("Result of Except");

    // Iterate through the collection of Product items
    // after the Except method was called.
    foreach (Product result in productQuery3)
        Console.WriteLine("Product Name: {0}",

.NET Framework
Available since 3.5
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