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Create a Work Item By Using the Client Object Model for Team Foundation

You can create bugs, tasks, and other types of WorkItems by performing the following steps:

  1. Construct a WorkItem.

  2. Set the values of the required fields.

  3. Save the WorkItem.

Depending on the type of WorkItem that you create, most required Fields have default values. If these values are appropriate, you do not have to set them explicitly. For example, you might create a user story as defined in MSF for Agile software development for Visual Studio ALM. For this type of WorkItem, the State, Reason, and Assigned to Fields are all required but have default values. When a user story is created, its default state is "Active," its default reason is "New," and the default value of the Assigned to field is the current user. However, the title is required and has no default value. Therefore, you must set the title when you create a user story. For more information, see User story (Agile) and An end-to-end view of what you can configure and customize in Visual Studio TFS. The following example creates a user story; sets the title, which is required; and sets the description, which is not required.

User Story

To use this example

  1. Create a C# ( or VB ) console application.

  2. Add references to the following assemblies:

  3. Replace the contents of Program.cs ( or Module1.vb ) with this example.

Imports System
Imports Microsoft.TeamFoundation.Client
Imports Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.Client
Module Module1

    Sub Main(ByVal sArgs() As String)
        ' Connect to the server and the store and get the WorkItemType object
        ' for user stories from the team project where the user story will be created.

        Dim collectionUri As Uri
        If sArgs.Length = 0 Then
            collectionUri = New Uri("http://Server:8080/tfs/DefaultCollection")
            collectionUri = New Uri(sArgs(1))
        End If

        Dim tpc As New TfsTeamProjectCollection(collectionUri)
        Dim workItemStore As WorkItemStore
        workItemStore = tpc.GetService(Of WorkItemStore)()
        Dim teamProject As Project
        teamProject = workItemStore.Projects("DinnerNow")
        Dim workItemType As WorkItemType
        workItemType = teamProject.WorkItemTypes("User Story")

        ' Create the work item
        Dim userStory As New Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.Client.WorkItem(workItemType)

       ' The title is generally the only required field that doesn’t have a default value. 
       ' You must set it, or you can’t save the work item. If you’re working with another
       ' type of work item, there may be other fields that you’ll have to set.
        userStory.Title = "Recently Ordered Menu"
        userStory.Description = "As a return customer, I want to see items that I've recently ordered"

        ' Save the new user story

    End Sub

End Module

You can save more than one WorkItem or WorkItemLink in a single round trip by using the WorkItemStore.BatchSave method.