String.StartsWith Method (String)

 

Determines whether the beginning of this string instance matches the specified string.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Function StartsWith (
	value As String
) As Boolean

Parameters

value
Type: System.String

The string to compare.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean

true if value matches the beginning of this string; otherwise, false.

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

value is null.

This method compares value to the substring at the beginning of this instance that is the same length as value, and returns an indication whether they are equal. To be equal, value must be an empty string (String.Empty), must be a reference to this same instance, or must match the beginning of this instance.

This method performs a word (case-sensitive and culture-sensitive) comparison using the current culture.

Notes to Callers:

As explained in Best Practices for Using Strings in the .NET Framework, we recommend that you avoid calling string comparison methods that substitute default values and instead call methods that require parameters to be explicitly specified. To determine whether a string begins with a particular substring by using the string comparison rules of the current culture, call the StartsWith(String, StringComparison) method overload with a value of StringComparison.CurrentCulture for its comparisonType parameter.

The following example defines a StripStartTags method that uses the StartsWith(String) method to remove HTML start tags from the beginning of a string. Note that the StripStartTags method is called recursively to ensure that multiple HTML start tags at the beginning of the line are removed. The example does not remove HTML tags embedded in a string.

Public Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim strSource() As String = { "<b>This is bold text</b>", 
                         "<H1>This is large Text</H1>", 
                         "<b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>", 
                         "<b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>", 
                         "<This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified" }

      ' Display the initial string array.
      Console.WriteLine("The original strings:")
      Console.WriteLine("---------------------")
      For Each s In strSource
         Console.WriteLine(s)
      Next 
      Console.WriteLine()

      Console.WriteLine("Strings after starting tags have been stripped:")
      Console.WriteLine("-----------------------------------------------") 

      ' Display the strings with starting tags removed.
      For Each s In strSource
         Console.WriteLine(StripStartTags(s))
      Next 
   End Sub 

   Private Shared Function StripStartTags(item As String) As String
      ' Determine whether a tag begins the string.
      If item.Trim().StartsWith("<") Then
         ' Find the closing tag.
         Dim lastLocation As Integer = item.IndexOf(">")
         If lastLocation >= 0 Then
            ' Remove the tag.
            item = item.Substring((lastLocation + 1))

            ' Remove any additional starting tags.
            item = StripStartTags(item)
         End If
      End If

      Return item
   End Function 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'    The original strings:
'    ---------------------
'    <b>This is bold text</b>
'    <H1>This is large Text</H1>
'    <b><i><font color = green>This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
'    <b>This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
'    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified
'    
'    Strings after starting tags have been stripped:
'    -----------------------------------------------
'    This is bold text</b>
'    This is large Text</H1>
'    This has multiple tags</font></i></b>
'    This has <i>embedded</i> tags.</b>
'    <This line simply begins with a lesser than symbol, it should not be modified

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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