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DataTable.Select Method (String, String, DataViewRowState)

Gets an array of all DataRow objects that match the filter in the order of the sort that match the specified state.

Namespace: System.Data
Assembly: System.Data (in

public DataRow[] Select (
	string filterExpression,
	string sort,
	DataViewRowState recordStates
public DataRow[] Select (
	String filterExpression, 
	String sort, 
	DataViewRowState recordStates
public function Select (
	filterExpression : String, 
	sort : String, 
	recordStates : DataViewRowState
) : DataRow[]
Not applicable.



The criteria to use to filter the rows.


A string specifying the column and sort direction.


One of the DataViewRowState values.

Return Value

An array of DataRow objects.

To form the filterExpression argument, use the same rules for creating the DataColumn class's Expression property value. The Sort argument also uses the same rules for creating class's Expression strings.

The following example uses a filter expression and record state to return an array of DataRow objects.

private static void GetRowsByFilter()
    DataTable customerTable = new DataTable("Customers");
    // Add columns
    customerTable.Columns.Add("id", typeof(int));
    customerTable.Columns.Add("name", typeof(string));

    // Set PrimaryKey
    customerTable.Columns[ "id" ].Unique = true;
    customerTable.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] 
        { customerTable.Columns["id"] };

    // Add ten rows
    for(int id=1; id<=10; id++)
            new object[] { id, string.Format("customer{0}", id) });

    // Add another ten rows
    for(int id=11; id<=20; id++)
            new object[] { id, string.Format("customer{0}", id) });

    string expression;
    string sortOrder;

    expression = "id > 5";
    // Sort descending by column named CompanyName.
    sortOrder = "name DESC";
    // Use the Select method to find all rows matching the filter.
    DataRow[] foundRows = 
        customerTable.Select(expression, sortOrder, 

    PrintRows(foundRows, "filtered rows");

    foundRows = customerTable.Select();
    PrintRows(foundRows, "all rows");

private static void PrintRows(DataRow[] rows, string label)
    Console.WriteLine("\n{0}", label);
    if(rows.Length <= 0)
        Console.WriteLine("no rows found");
    foreach(DataRow row in rows)
        foreach(DataColumn column in row.Table.Columns)
            Console.Write("\table {0}", row[column]);

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0