Delegate.Combine Method (Delegate[])


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Concatenates the invocation lists of an array of delegates.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static Delegate Combine(
	params Delegate[] delegates


Type: System.Delegate[]

The array of delegates to combine.

Return Value

Type: System.Delegate

A new delegate with an invocation list that concatenates the invocation lists of the delegates in the delegates array. Returns null if delegates is null, if delegates contains zero elements, or if every entry in delegates is null.

Exception Condition

Not all the non-null entries in delegates are instances of the same delegate type.

If the delegates array contains entries that are null, those entries are ignored.

The invocation list can contain duplicate entries; that is, entries that refer to the same method on the same object.


Generic delegates that are assignment-compatible because of variance are not necessarily combinable. To be combinable, the types must match exactly. For example, suppose that a class named Derived is derived from a class named Base. A delegate of type Action<Base> (Action(Of Base) in Visual Basic) can be assigned to a variable of type Action<Derived>, as explained in Covariance and Contravariance in Generics, but the two delegates cannot be combined because the types do not match exactly.

Combine is useful for creating event handlers that call multiple methods each time an event occurs.


when invoked late-bound through mechanisms such as Type.InvokeMember. Associated enumeration: ReflectionPermissionFlag.MemberAccess

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 8.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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