float (C# Reference)

 

Updated: July 20, 2015

The float keyword signifies a simple type that stores 32-bit floating-point values. The following table shows the precision and approximate range for the float type.

TypeApproximate rangePrecision.NET Framework type
float-3.4 × 1038to +3.4 × 10387 digitsSystem.Single

By default, a real numeric literal on the right side of the assignment operator is treated as double. Therefore, to initialize a float variable, use the suffix f or F, as in the following example:

  
float x = 3.5F;  

If you do not use the suffix in the previous declaration, you will get a compilation error because you are trying to store a double value into a float variable.

You can mix numeric integral types and floating-point types in an expression. In this case, the integral types are converted to floating-point types. The evaluation of the expression is performed according to the following rules:

  • If one of the floating-point types is double, the expression evaluates to double or bool in relational or Boolean expressions.

  • If there is no double type in the expression, the expression evaluates to float or bool in relational or Boolean expressions.

A floating-point expression can contain the following sets of values:

  • Positive and negative zero

  • Positive and negative infinity

  • Not-a-Number value (NaN)

  • The finite set of nonzero values

For more information about these values, see IEEE Standard for Binary Floating-Point Arithmetic, available on the IEEE Web site.

In the following example, an int, a short, and a float are included in a mathematical expression giving a float result. (Remember that float is an alias for the System.Single type.) Notice that there is no double in the expression.

    class FloatTest 
    {
        static void Main() 
        {
            int x = 3;
            float y = 4.5f;
            short z = 5;
            var result = x * y / z;
            Console.WriteLine("The result is {0}", result);
            Type type = result.GetType();
            Console.WriteLine("result is of type {0}", type.ToString());
        }
    }
    /* Output: 
      The result is 2.7
      result is of type System.Single //'float' is alias for 'Single'
     */

For more information, see the C# Language Specification. The language specification is the definitive source for C# syntax and usage.

Single
C# Reference
C# Programming Guide
Casting and Type Conversions
C# Keywords
Integral Types Table
Built-In Types Table
Implicit Numeric Conversions Table
Explicit Numeric Conversions Table

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