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SerializationInfoEnumerator Class

 

Provides a formatter-friendly mechanism for parsing the data in SerializationInfo. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:   System.Runtime.Serialization
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

System.Object
  System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationInfoEnumerator

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public sealed class SerializationInfoEnumerator : IEnumerator

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubpropertyCurrent

Gets the item currently being examined.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyName

Gets the name for the item currently being examined.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyObjectType

Gets the type of the item currently being examined.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyValue

Gets the value of the item currently being examined.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMoveNext()

Updates the enumerator to the next item.

System_CAPS_pubmethodReset()

Resets the enumerator to the first item.

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIEnumerator.Current

Gets the current item in the collection.

The current class is a standard enumerator that parses over the values stored in SerializationInfo. Instead of recording the values, the SerializationInfoEnumerator keeps pointers to the member variables of the SerializationInfo that created it.

This class follows the IEnumerator mechanism.

The following code example shows how to use the FormatterServices class in order to properly serialize or deserialize an object where the base class does not implement ISerializable but the derived class does.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Binary;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security.Permissions;


// Person is a serializable base class.
[Serializable]
public class Person
{
    private String title;

    public Person(String title)
    {
        this.title = title;
    }

    public override String ToString()
    {
        return String.Format("{0}", title);
    }
}

// Employee is a serializable class derived from Person.
[Serializable]
public class Employee : Person
{
    private String title;

    public Employee(String title) : base("Person")
    {
        this.title = title;
    }

    public override String ToString()
    {
        return String.Format("{0} -> {1}", title, base.ToString());
    }
}

// Manager is a serializable and ISerializable class derived from Employee.
[Serializable]
public class Manager : Employee, ISerializable
{
    private String title;

    public Manager() : base("Employee") 
    {
        this.title = "Manager";
    }

    [SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, SerializationFormatter = true)]
    public void GetObjectData(SerializationInfo info, StreamingContext context)
    {

        // Serialize the desired values for this class.
        info.AddValue("title", title);

        // Get the set of serializable members for the class and base classes.
        Type thisType = this.GetType();
        MemberInfo[] mi = FormatterServices.GetSerializableMembers(thisType, context);

        // Serialize the base class's fields to the info object.
        for (Int32 i = 0; i < mi.Length; i++)
        {
            // Do not serialize fields for this class.
            if (mi[i].DeclaringType == thisType) continue;

            // Skip this field if it is marked NonSerialized.
            if (Attribute.IsDefined(mi[i], typeof(NonSerializedAttribute))) continue;

            // Get the value of this field and add it to the SerializationInfo object.
            info.AddValue(mi[i].Name, ((FieldInfo) mi[i]).GetValue(this));
        }

        // Call the method below to see the contents of the SerializationInfo object.
        DisplaySerializationInfo(info);
    }

    private void DisplaySerializationInfo(SerializationInfo info)
    {
        SerializationInfoEnumerator e = info.GetEnumerator();
        Console.WriteLine("Values in the SerializationInfo:");
        while (e.MoveNext())
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Name={0}, ObjectType={1}, Value={2}", e.Name, e.ObjectType, e.Value);
        }
    }

    [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, Flags=SecurityPermissionFlag.SerializationFormatter)]
    protected Manager(SerializationInfo info, StreamingContext context) : base(null)
    {

        // Get the set of serializable members for the class and base classes.
        Type thisType = this.GetType();
        MemberInfo[] mi = FormatterServices.GetSerializableMembers(thisType, context);

        // Deserialize the base class's fields from the info object.
        for (Int32 i = 0; i < mi.Length; i++)
        {
            // Do not deserialize fields for this class.
            if (mi[i].DeclaringType == thisType) continue;

            // For easier coding, treat the member as a FieldInfo object
            FieldInfo fi = (FieldInfo) mi[i];

            // Skip this field if it is marked NonSerialized.
            if (Attribute.IsDefined(mi[i], typeof(NonSerializedAttribute))) continue;

            // Get the value of this field from the SerializationInfo object.
            fi.SetValue(this, info.GetValue(fi.Name, fi.FieldType));
        }

        // Deserialize the values that were serialized for this class.
        title = info.GetString("title");
    }

    public override String ToString()
    {
        return String.Format("{0} -> {1}", title, base.ToString());
    }
}


public sealed class App
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Run();
    }

    public static void Run()
    {
        using (Stream stream = new MemoryStream())
	{
            IFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
            Manager m = new Manager();
            Console.WriteLine(m.ToString());
            formatter.Serialize(stream, m);

            stream.Position = 0;
            m = (Manager) formatter.Deserialize(stream);
            Console.WriteLine(m.ToString());
        }
    }
}
// This code produces the following output.
//
//  Manager -> Employee -> Person
//  Values in the SerializaitonInfo:
//  Name=title, ObjectType=System.String, Value=Manager
//  Name=Employee+title, ObjectType=System.String, Value=Employee
//  Name=Person+title, ObjectType=System.String, Value=Person
//  Manager -> Employee -> Person

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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