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DateTime.Subtract Method (TimeSpan)

Subtracts the specified duration from this instance.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public DateTime Subtract(
	TimeSpan value
)

Parameters

value
Type: System.TimeSpan
The time interval to subtract.

Return Value

Type: System.DateTime
An object that is equal to the date and time represented by this instance minus the time interval represented by value.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

The result is less than DateTime.MinValue or greater than DateTime.MaxValue.

This method does not change the value of this DateTime. Instead, a new DateTime is returned whose value is the result of this operation.

Ordinarily, the DateTime.Subtract(TimeSpan) method subtracts a TimeSpan object that represents a positive time span and returns a DateTime value that is earlier than the date and time of the current instance. However, if the TimeSpan object represents a negative time span, the DateTime.Subtract(TimeSpan) method returns a DateTime value that is later than the date and time of the current instance.

The DateTime.Subtract(TimeSpan) method allows you to subtract a time interval that consists of more than one unit of time (such as a given number of hours and a given number of minutes). To subtract a single unit of time (such as years, months, or days) from the DateTime instance, you can pass a negative numeric value as a parameter to any of the following methods:

  • AddYears, to subtract a specific number of years from the current date and time instance.

  • AddMonths, to subtract a specific number of months from the current date and time instance.

  • AddDays, to subtract a specific number of days from the current date and time instance.

  • AddHours, to subtract a specific number of hours from the current date and time instance.

  • AddMinutes, to subtract a specific number of minutes from the current date and time instance.

  • AddSeconds, to subtract a specific number of seconds from the current date and time instance.

  • AddMilliseconds, to subtract a specific number of milliseconds from the current date and time instance.

  • AddTicks, to subtract a specific number of ticks from the current date and time instance.

The following example demonstrates the Subtract method and the subtraction operator.


System.DateTime date1 = new System.DateTime(1996, 6, 3, 22, 15, 0);
System.DateTime date2 = new System.DateTime(1996, 12, 6, 13, 2, 0);
System.DateTime date3 = new System.DateTime(1996, 10, 12, 8, 42, 0);

// diff1 gets 185 days, 14 hours, and 47 minutes.
System.TimeSpan diff1 = date2.Subtract(date1);

// date4 gets 4/9/1996 5:55:00 PM.
System.DateTime date4 = date3.Subtract(diff1);

// diff2 gets 55 days 4 hours and 20 minutes.
System.TimeSpan diff2 = date2 - date3;

// date5 gets 4/9/1996 5:55:00 PM.
System.DateTime date5 = date1 - diff2;


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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