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How to: Encode and Decode a PNG Image

The following examples show how to decode and encode a Portable Network Graphics (PNG) image using the specific PngBitmapDecoder and PngBitmapEncoder objects. For the complete sample, see PNG Encoder and Decoder Sample.

This example demonstrates how to decode a PNG image using a PngBitmapDecoder from a FileStream.

// Open a Stream and decode a PNG image
Stream imageStreamSource = new FileStream("smiley.png", FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.Read);
PngBitmapDecoder decoder = new PngBitmapDecoder(imageStreamSource, BitmapCreateOptions.PreservePixelFormat, BitmapCacheOption.Default);
BitmapSource bitmapSource = decoder.Frames[0];

// Draw the Image
Image myImage = new Image();
myImage.Source = bitmapSource;
myImage.Stretch = Stretch.None;
myImage.Margin = new Thickness(20);

This example demonstrates how to encode a BitmapSource into a PNG image using a PngBitmapEncoder.

int width = 128;
int height = 128;
int stride = width;
byte[] pixels = new byte[height * stride];

// Define the image palette
BitmapPalette myPalette = BitmapPalettes.Halftone256;

// Creates a new empty image with the pre-defined palette

BitmapSource image = BitmapSource.Create(
    width,
    height,
    96,
    96,
    PixelFormats.Indexed8,
    myPalette,
    pixels,
    stride);

FileStream stream = new FileStream("new.png", FileMode.Create);
PngBitmapEncoder encoder = new PngBitmapEncoder();
TextBlock myTextBlock = new TextBlock();
myTextBlock.Text = "Codec Author is: " + encoder.CodecInfo.Author.ToString();
encoder.Interlace = PngInterlaceOption.On;
encoder.Frames.Add(BitmapFrame.Create(image));
encoder.Save(stream);
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