Ternary Raster Operations

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4/8/2010

Ternary raster operation codes define how the graphics device interface (GDI) combines the bits in a source bitmap with the bits in the destination bitmap.

This topic lists the ternary raster-operation codes used by the BitBlt, PatBlt, and StretchBlt functions.

Each raster-operation code represents a Boolean operation in which the values of the pixels in the source, the selected brush, and the destination are combined.

The following table shows the three operands used in these operations.

Operand Meaning

D

Destination bitmap

P

Selected brush (also called pattern)

S

Source bitmap

The following table shows the Boolean operators used in ternary raster operations.

Operator Meaning

a

Bitwise AND

n

Bitwise NOT (inverse)

o

Bitwise OR

x

Bitwise exclusive OR (XOR)

All Boolean operations are presented in reverse Polish notation. For example, the following operation replaces the values of the pixels in the destination bitmap with a combination of the pixel values of the source and brush:

PSo 

The following operation combines the values of the pixels in the source and brush with the pixel values of the destination bitmap (there are alternative spellings of the same function, so although a particular spelling may not be in the list, an equivalent form would be):

DPSoo 

Each raster-operation code is a 32-bit integer whose high-order word is a Boolean operation index and whose low-order word is the operation code.

The 16-bit operation index is a zero-extended, 8-bit value that represents the result of the Boolean operation on predefined brush, source, and destination values.

For example, the operation indexes for the PSo and DPSoo operations are shown in the following table.

P S D PSo DPSoo

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

1

0

1

1

0

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

1

1

1

0

1

1

1

1

1

0

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Operation index:

 

 

00FCh

00FEh

In this case, PSo has the operation index 00FC (read from the bottom up); DPSoo has the operation index 00FE.

These values define the location of the corresponding raster-operation codes, as shown in the following Raster-Operation Codes table.

The PSo operation is in line 252 (00FCh) of the table; DPSoo is in line 254 (00FEh).

The most commonly used raster operations have been given special names in the header file Wingdi.h (included through Windows.h).   These common names are shown in table below, use them whenever possible in your applications.

When the source and destination bitmaps are monochrome, a bit value of 0 represents a black pixel and a bit value of 1 represents a white pixel. When the source and the destination bitmaps are color, those colors are represented with RGB values. For more information about RGB values, see RGB.

Boolean function (hexadecimal) Raster operation (hexadecimal) Boolean function in reverse Polish Common name

00

00000042

0

BLACKNESS

01

00010289

DPSoon

 

02

00020C89

DPSona

 

03

000300AA

PSon

 

04

00040C88

SDPona

 

05

000500A9

DPon

 

06

00060865

PDSxnon

 

07

000702C5

PDSaon

 

08

00080F08

SDPnaa

 

09

00090245

PDSxon

 

0A

000A0329

DPna

 

0B

000B0B2A

PSDnaon

 

0C

000C0324

SPna

 

0D

000D0B25

PDSnaon

 

0E

000E08A5

PDSonon

 

0F

000F0001

Pn

 

10

00100C85

PDSona

 

11

001100A6

DSon

NOTSRCERASE

12

00120868

SDPxnon

 

13

001302C8

SDPaon

 

14

00140869

DPSxnon

 

15

001502C9

DPSaon

 

16

00165CCA

PSDPSanaxx

 

17

00171D54

SSPxDSxaxn

 

18

00180D59

SPxPDxa

 

19

00191CC8

SDPSanaxn

 

1A

001A06C5

PDSPaox

 

1B

001B0768

SDPSxaxn

 

1C

001C06CA

PSDPaox

 

1D

001D0766

DSPDxaxn

 

1E

001E01A5

PDSox

 

1F

001F0385

PDSoan

 

20

00200F09

DPSnaa

 

21

00210248

SDPxon

 

22

00220326

DSna

 

23

00230B24

SPDnaon

 

24

00240D55

SPxDSxa

 

25

00251CC5

PDSPanaxn

 

26

002606C8

SDPSaox

 

27

00271868

SDPSxnox

 

28

00280369

DPSxa

 

29

002916CA

PSDPSaoxxn

 

2A

002A0CC9

DPSana

 

2B

002B1D58

SSPxPDxaxn

 

2C

002C0784

SPDSoax

 

2D

002D060A

PSDnox

 

2E

002E064A

PSDPxox

 

2F

002F0E2A

PSDnoan

 

30

0030032A

PSna

 

31

00310B28

SDPnaon

 

32

00320688

SDPSoox

 

33

00330008

Sn

NOTSRCCOPY

34

003406C4

SPDSaox

 

35

00351864

SPDSxnox

 

36

003601A8

SDPox

 

37

00370388

SDPoan

 

38

0038078A

PSDPoax

 

39

00390604

SPDnox

 

3A

003A0644

SPDSxox

 

3B

003B0E24

SPDnoan

 

3C

003C004A

PSx

 

3D

003D18A4

SPDSonox

 

3E

003E1B24

SPDSnaox

 

3F

003F00EA

PSan

 

40

00400F0A

PSDnaa

 

41

00410249

DPSxon

 

42

00420D5D

SDxPDxa

 

43

00431CC4

SPDSanaxn

 

44

00440328

SDna

SRCERASE

45

00450B29

DPSnaon

 

46

004606C6

DSPDaox

 

47

0047076A

PSDPxaxn

 

48

00480368

SDPxa

 

49

004916C5

PDSPDaoxxn

 

4A

004A0789

DPSDoax

 

4B

004B0605

PDSnox

 

4C

004C0CC8

SDPana

 

4D

004D1954

SSPxDSxoxn

 

4E

004E0645

PDSPxox

 

4F

004F0E25

PDSnoan

 

50

00500325

PDna

 

51

00510B26

DSPnaon

 

52

005206C9

DPSDaox

 

53

00530764

SPDSxaxn

 

54

005408A9

DPSonon

 

55

00550009

Dn

DSTINVERT

56

005601A9

DPSox

 

57

00570389

DPSoan

 

58

00580785

PDSPoax

 

59

00590609

DPSnox

 

5A

005A0049

DPx

PATINVERT

5B

005B18A9

DPSDonox

 

5C

005C0649

DPSDxox

 

5D

005D0E29

DPSnoan

 

5E

005E1B29

DPSDnaox

 

5F

005F00E9

DPan

 

60

00600365

PDSxa

 

61

006116C6

DSPDSaoxxn

 

62

00620786

DSPDoax

 

63

00630608

SDPnox

 

64

00640788

SDPSoax

 

65

00650606

DSPnox

 

66

00660046

DSx

SRCINVERT

67

006718A8

SDPSonox

 

68

006858A6

DSPDSonoxxn

 

69

00690145

PDSxxn

 

6A

006A01E9

DPSax

 

6B

006B178A

PSDPSoaxxn

 

6C

006C01E8

SDPax

 

6D

006D1785

PDSPDoaxxn

 

6E

006E1E28

SDPSnoax

 

6F

006F0C65

PDSxnan

 

70

00700CC5

PDSana

 

71

00711D5C

SSDxPDxaxn

 

72

00720648

SDPSxox

 

73

00730E28

SDPnoan

 

74

00740646

DSPDxox

 

75

00750E26

DSPnoan

 

76

00761B28

SDPSnaox

 

77

007700E6

DSan

 

78

007801E5

PDSax

 

79

00791786

DSPDSoaxxn

 

7A

007A1E29

DPSDnoax

 

7B

007B0C68

SDPxnan

 

7C

007C1E24

SPDSnoax

 

7D

007D0C69

DPSxnan

 

7E

007E0955

SPxDSxo

 

7F

007F03C9

DPSaan

 

80

008003E9

DPSaa

 

81

00810975

SPxDSxon

 

82

00820C49

DPSxna

 

83

00831E04

SPDSnoaxn

 

84

00840C48

SDPxna

 

85

00851E05

PDSPnoaxn

 

86

008617A6

DSPDSoaxx

 

87

008701C5

PDSaxn

 

88

008800C6

DSa

SRCAND

89

00891B08

SDPSnaoxn

 

8A

008A0E06

DSPnoa

 

8B

008B0666

DSPDxoxn

 

8C

008C0E08

SDPnoa

 

8D

008D0668

SDPSxoxn

 

8E

008E1D7C

SSDxPDxax

 

8F

008F0CE5

PDSanan

 

90

00900C45

PDSxna

 

91

00911E08

SDPSnoaxn

 

92

009217A9

DPSDPoaxx

 

93

009301C4

SPDaxn

 

94

009417AA

PSDPSoaxx

 

95

009501C9

DPSaxn

 

96

00960169

DPSxx

 

97

0097588A

PSDPSonoxx

 

98

00981888

SDPSonoxn

 

99

00990066

DSxn

 

9A

009A0709

DPSnax

 

9B

009B07A8

SDPSoaxn

 

9C

009C0704

SPDnax

 

9D

009D07A6

DSPDoaxn

 

9E

009E16E6

DSPDSaoxx

 

9F

009F0345

PDSxan

 

A0

00A000C9

DPa

 

A1

00A11B05

PDSPnaoxn

 

A2

00A20E09

DPSnoa

 

A3

00A30669

DPSDxoxn

 

A4

00A41885

PDSPonoxn

 

A5

00A50065

PDxn

 

A6

00A60706

DSPnax

 

A7

00A707A5

PDSPoaxn

 

A8

00A803A9

DPSoa

 

A9

00A90189

DPSoxn

 

AA

00AA0029

D

 

AB

00AB0889

DPSono

 

AC

00AC0744

SPDSxax

 

AD

00AD06E9

DPSDaoxn

 

AE

00AE0B06

DSPnao

 

AF

00AF0229

DPno

 

B0

00B00E05

PDSnoa

 

B1

00B10665

PDSPxoxn

 

B2

00B21974

SSPxDSxox

 

B3

00B30CE8

SDPanan

 

B4

00B4070A

PSDnax

 

B5

00B507A9

DPSDoaxn

 

B6

00B616E9

DPSDPaoxx

 

B7

00B70348

SDPxan

 

B8

00B8074A

PSDPxax

 

B9

00B906E6

DSPDaoxn

 

BA

00BA0B09

DPSnao

 

BB

00BB0226

DSno

MERGEPAINT

BC

00BC1CE4

SPDSanax

 

BD

00BD0D7D

SDxPDxan

 

BE

00BE0269

DPSxo

 

BF

00BF08C9

DPSano

 

C0

00C000CA

PSa

MERGECOPY

C1

00C11B04

SPDSnaoxn

 

C2

00C21884

SPDSonoxn

 

C3

00C3006A

PSxn

 

C4

00C40E04

SPDnoa

 

C5

00C50664

SPDSxoxn

 

C6

00C60708

SDPnax

 

C7

00C707AA

PSDPoaxn

 

C8

00C803A8

SDPoa

 

C9

00C90184

SPDoxn

 

CA

00CA0749

DPSDxax

 

CB

00CB06E4

SPDSaoxn

 

CC

00CC0020

S

SRCCOPY

CD

00CD0888

SDPono

 

CE

00CE0B08

SDPnao

 

CF

00CF0224

SPno

 

D0

00D00E0A

PSDnoa

 

D1

00D1066A

PSDPxoxn

 

D2

00D20705

PDSnax

 

D3

00D307A4

SPDSoaxn

 

D4

00D41D78

SSPxPDxax

 

D5

00D50CE9

DPSanan

 

D6

00D616EA

PSDPSaoxx

 

D7

00D70349

DPSxan

 

D8

00D80745

PDSPxax

 

D9

00D906E8

SDPSaoxn

 

DA

00DA1CE9

DPSDanax

 

DB

00DB0D75

SPxDSxan

 

DC

00DC0B04

SPDnao

 

DD

00DD0228

SDno

 

DE

00DE0268

SDPxo

 

DF

00DF08C8

SDPano

 

E0

00E003A5

PDSoa

 

E1

00E10185

PDSoxn

 

E2

00E20746

DSPDxax

 

E3

00E306EA

PSDPaoxn

 

E4

00E40748

SDPSxax

 

E5

00E506E5

PDSPaoxn

 

E6

00E61CE8

SDPSanax

 

E7

00E70D79

SPxPDxan

 

E8

00E81D74

SSPxDSxax

 

E9

00E95CE6

DSPDSanaxxn

 

EA

00EA02E9

DPSao

 

EB

00EB0849

DPSxno

 

EC

00EC02E8

SDPao

 

ED

00ED0848

SDPxno

 

EE

00EE0086

DSo

SRCPAINT

EF

00EF0A08

SDPnoo

 

F0

00F00021

P

PATCOPY

F1

00F10885

PDSono

 

F2

00F20B05

PDSnao

 

F3

00F3022A

PSno

 

F4

00F40B0A

PSDnao

 

F5

00F50225

PDno

 

F6

00F60265

PDSxo

 

F7

00F708C5

PDSano

 

F8

00F802E5

PDSao

 

F9

00F90845

PDSxno

 

FA

00FA0089

DPo

 

FB

00FB0A09

DPSnoo

PATPAINT

FC

00FC008A

PSo

 

FD

00FD0A0A

PSDnoo

 

FE

00FE02A9

DPSoo

 

FF

00FF0062

1

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