MSDN Library

CreateWindow

Windows Mobile 6.5
A version of this page is also available for
4/8/2010

This function creates an overlapped, pop-up, or child window. It specifies the window class, window title, window style, and, optionally, the initial position and size of the window. This function also specifies the window's parent.


HWND CreateWindow( 
  LPCTSTR lpClassName, 
  LPCTSTR lpWindowName, 
  DWORD dwStyle, 
  int x, 
  int y, 
  int nWidth, 
  int nHeight, 
  HWND hWndParent, 
  HMENU hMenu, 
  HANDLE hInstance, 
  PVOID lpParam 
); 

lpClassName

[in] Long pointer to an atom or null-terminated string. If this parameter is an atom, it must be a global atom created by a previous call to the RegisterClass function. The atom must be in the low-order word of lpClassName; the high-order word must be zero.

If lpClassName is a string, it specifies the window class name. The class name can be any name registered with the RegisterClass function or any of the predefined control-class names. For a complete list, see the Remarks section.

lpWindowName

[in] Long pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies the window name.

If the window style specifies a title bar, the window title pointed to by lpWindowName is displayed in the title bar. When using CreateWindow to create controls, such as buttons, check boxes, and static controls, use lpWindowName to specify the text of the control.

dwStyle

[in] Specifies the style of the window being created. This parameter can be a combination of the following window styles, plus the control styles indicated in the Remarks section.

Value Description

WS_BORDER

Creates a window that has a thin-line border.

WS_CAPTION

Creates a window that has a title bar (includes the WS_BORDER style).

WS_CHILD

Creates a child window. This style cannot be used with the WS_POPUP style.

WS_CLIPCHILDREN

Excludes the area occupied by child windows when drawing occurs within the parent window. This style is used when creating the parent window.

WS_CLIPSIBLINGS

Clips child windows relative to each other; that is, when a particular child window receives a WM_PAINT message, the WS_CLIPSIBLINGS style clips all other overlapping child windows out of the region of the child window to be updated. If WS_CLIPSIBLINGS is not specified and child windows overlap, it is possible, when drawing within the client area of a child window, to draw within the client area of a neighboring child window.

WS_DISABLED

Creates a window that is initially disabled. A disabled window cannot receive input from the user.

WS_DLGFRAME

Creates a window that has a border of a style typically used with dialog boxes. A window with this style cannot have a title bar.

WS_GROUP

Specifies the first control of a group of controls. The group consists of this first control and all controls defined after it, up to the next control with the WS_GROUP style. The first control in each group usually has the WS_TABSTOP style so that the user can move from group to group. The user can subsequently change the keyboard focus from one control in the group to the next control in the group by using the direction keys.

WS_HSCROLL

Creates a window that has a horizontal scroll bar.

WS_OVERLAPPED

Creates an overlapped window. An overlapped window has a title bar and a border.

WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW

Creates an overlapped window with the WS_OVERLAPPED, WS_CAPTION, WS_SYSMENU, WS_THICKFRAME, WS_MINIMIZEBOX, and WS_MAXIMIZEBOX styles.

Aa931018.note(en-us,MSDN.10).gifNote:
Although WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW is not supported in Windows Embedded CE, the functionality can still be achieved by obtaining a bitwise OR of the style flags WS_OVERLAPPED, WS_CAPTION, WS_SYSMENU, WS_THICKFRAME, WS_MINIMIZEBOX, and WS_MAXIMIZEBOX.

WS_POPUP

Creates a pop-up window. This style cannot be used with the WS_CHILD style.

WS_SIZEBOX

Creates a window that has a sizing border. Same as the WS_THICKFRAME style.

WS_SYSMENU

Creates a window that has a Close (X) button in the non-client area.

WS_TABSTOP

Specifies a control that can receive the keyboard focus when the user presses the TAB key. Pressing the TAB key changes the keyboard focus to the next control with the WS_TABSTOP style.

WS_THICKFRAME

Creates a window that has a sizing border. Same as the WS_SIZEBOX style.

WS_VISIBLE

Creates a window that is initially visible.

WS_VSCROLL

Creates a window that has a vertical scroll bar.

x

[in] Specifies the initial horizontal position of the window. For an overlapped or pop-up window, the x parameter is the initial x-coordinate of the window's upper-left corner, in screen coordinates. For a child window, x is the x-coordinate of the upper-left corner of the window relative to the upper-left corner of the parent window's client area.

If this parameter is set to CW_USEDEFAULT, the system selects the default position for the window's upper-left corner and ignores the y parameter. CW_USEDEFAULT is valid only for overlapped windows; if it is specified for a pop-up or child window, the x and y parameters are set to zero.

y

[in] Specifies the initial vertical position of the window. For an overlapped or pop-up window, the y parameter is the initial y-coordinate of the window's upper-left corner, in screen coordinates. For a child window, y is the initial y-coordinate of the upper-left corner of the child window relative to the upper-left corner of the parent window's client area. For a list box, y is the initial y-coordinate of the upper-left corner of the list box's client area relative to the upper-left corner of the parent window's client area.

If an overlapped window is created with the WS_VISIBLE style bit set and the x parameter is set to CW_USEDEFAULT, the system ignores the y parameter.

nWidth

[in] Specifies the width, in device units, of the window. For overlapped windows, nWidth is either the window's width, in screen coordinates, or CW_USEDEFAULT. If nWidth is CW_USEDEFAULT, the system selects a default width and height for the window; the default width extends from the initial x-coordinate to the right edge of the screen, and the default height extends from the initial y-coordinate to the top of the icon area. CW_USEDEFAULT is valid only for overlapped windows; if CW_USEDEFAULT is specified for a pop-up or child window, nWidth and nHeight are set to zero.

nHeight

[in] Specifies the height, in device units, of the window. For overlapped windows, nHeight is the window's height, in screen coordinates. If nWidth is set to CW_USEDEFAULT, the system ignores nHeight.

hWndParent

[in] Handle to the parent or owner window of the window being created. To create a child window or an owned window, supply a valid window handle. This parameter is optional for pop-up windows.

hMenu

[in] Handle to a menu, or specifies a child-window identifier depending on the window style. For an overlapped or pop-up window, hMenu identifies the menu to be used with the window; it can be NULL if the class menu is to be used. For a child window, hMenu specifies the child-window identifier, an integer value used by a dialog box control to notify its parent about events. The application determines the child-window identifier; it must be unique for all child windows with the same parent window.

hInstance

[in] Handle to the instance of the module to be associated with the window.

lpParam

[in] Long pointer to a value to be passed to the window through the CREATESTRUCT structure passed in the lParam parameter the WM_CREATE message.

A handle to the new window indicates success. NULL indicates failure. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Here, failure to create a window initiates DEBUGMSG:

    g_hwndMain =  CreateWindow  (
        TEXT ("AnxJTest Class"),
        lpstrWndTitle,
        WS_VISIBLE,
        0, 0, SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT,
        NULL, NULL, g_hInstance, NULL);
    if (!g_hwndMain) {
        DEBUGMSG(ZONE_VERBOSE | ZONE_ERROR, 
(TEXT ("Could not create main window.")));
        return FALSE;
}

The CreateWindow function does not support the WM_PARENTNOTIFY message.

CreateWindow is implemented as a macro. It is defined as CreateWindowEx, but with the dwExStyle parameter set to 0L.

Menu bars are not supported. The hMenu parameter must be NULL, unless it is used as a child-window identifier.

The MDICLIENT window class is not supported.

The dwStyle parameter can be a combination of the window styles and control styles documented in Window and Message Box Styles and Control Styles.

The following dwStyle flags are not supported for Windows Embedded CE:

WS_CHILDWINDOW

WS_ICONIC

WS_POPUPWINDOW

 

The following dwStyle flags are not supported for controls and dialog boxes:

Unsupported button styles

Unsupported static control styles

BS_LEFTTEXT

SS_BLACKFRAME

BS_TEXT

SS_BLACKRECT

BS_USERBUTTON

SS_GRAYFRAME

Unsupported combo box styles

SS_GRAYRECT

CBS_OWNERDRAWFIXED

SS_METAPICT

CBS_OWNERDRAWVARIABLE

SS_REALSIZEIMAGE

CBS_SIMPLE

SS_RIGHTIMAGE

Unsupported list box control styles

SS_RIGHTJUST

LBS_NODATA

SS_SIMPLE

LBS_STANDARD

SS_SUNKEN

Unsupported scroll bar styles

SS_WHITEFRAME

SBS_BOTTOMALIGN

SS_WHITERECT

SBS_RIGHTALIGN

Unsupported dialog box styles

SBS_SIZEBOXBOTTOMRIGHTALIGN

DS_ABSALIGN

SBS_SIZEGRIP

DS_CENTERMOUSE

 

DS_CONTEXTHELP

 

DS_FIXEDSYS

 

DS_NOFAILCREATE

 

DS_NOIDLEMSG

 

DS_SYSMODAL

You can use the BS_OWNERDRAW style as a substitute for the BS_USERBUTTON style.

Combine the BS_MULTILINE style with the BS_PUSHBUTTON style to wrap text on a button.

You can use the SS_LEFT or SS_LEFTNOWORDWRAP style instead of the SS_SIMPLE style for static controls.

All windows implicitly have the WS_CLIPSIBLINGS and WS_CLIPCHILDREN styles.

Windows CE 1.0 does not support owned windows, except for dialog boxes. If the hwndParent parameter is not NULL, the window is implicitly given the WS_CHILD style.

Windows CE 1.0 does not support menu bars.

For Windows CE 2.10 and later, if nWidth and nHeight are set to CW_USEDEFAULT, the child window has dimensions of 0 x 0.

Before returning, CreateWindow sends a WM_CREATE message to the window procedure. For overlapped, pop-up, and child windows, CreateWindow sends WM_CREATE messages to the window. The lParam parameter of the WM_CREATE message contains a pointer to a CREATESTRUCT structure. If the WS_VISIBLE style is specified, CreateWindow sends the window all the messages required to activate and show the window.

The following predefined control classes can be specified in the lpClassName parameter. Note the corresponding control styles you can use in the dwStyle parameter.

BUTTON

Designates a small rectangular child window that represents a button the user can click to turn it on or off. Button controls can be used alone or in groups, and they can either be labeled or appear without text. Button controls typically change appearance when the user clicks them. For more information about buttons and the styles you can specify in the dwStyle parameter, see Control Styles.

COMBOBOX

Designates a control consisting of a list box and a selection field similar to an edit control. When using this style, an application should either display the list box at all times or enable a drop-down list box. If the list box is visible, typing characters into the selection field highlights the first list box entry that matches the characters typed. Conversely, selecting an item in the list box displays the selected text in the selection field. For more information, see Combo Boxes. For a table of the combo box styles you can specify in the dwStyle parameter, see Combo Box Styles.

EDIT

Designates a rectangular child window into which the user can type text from the keyboard. The user selects the control and gives it the keyboard focus by clicking it or moving to it by pressing the TAB key. The user can type text when the edit control displays a flashing caret; use the mouse to move the cursor, select characters to be replaced, or position the cursor for inserting characters; or use the BACKSPACE key to delete characters. For more information about edit controls and the styles you can specify in the dwStyle parameter, see Control Styles.

LISTBOX

Designates a list of character strings. Specify this control whenever an application must present a list of names, such as filenames, from which the user can choose. The user can select a string by clicking it. A selected string is highlighted, and a notification message is passed to the parent window. For more information about list boxes and the styles you can specify in the dwStyle parameter, see Control Styles.

MDICLIENT

Designates an MDI client window. This window receives messages that control the MDI application's child windows. The recommended style bits are WS_CLIPCHILDREN and WS_CHILD. Specify the WS_HSCROLL and WS_VSCROLL styles to create an MDI client window that allows the user to scroll MDI child windows into view.

RICHEDIT

Designates a Rich Edit 1.0 control. This window lets the user view and edit text with character and paragraph formatting, and can include embedded COM objects.

RICHEDIT_CLASS

Designates a Rich Edit 2.0 control. This control lets the user view and edit text with character and paragraph formatting, and can include embedded COM objects. Windows Mobile Professional and Windows Mobile Classic do not support this control class.

SCROLLBAR

Designates a rectangle that contains a scroll box and has direction arrows at both ends. The scroll bar sends a notification message to its parent window whenever the user clicks the control. The parent window is responsible for updating the position of the scroll box, if necessary. For more information about scroll bars and the styles you can specify in the dwStyle parameter, see Control Styles.

STATIC

Designates a simple text field, box, or rectangle used to label, box, or separate other controls. Static controls take no input and provide no output. For more information about static controls and the styles you can specify in the dwStyle parameter, see Control Styles.

Aa931018.note(en-us,MSDN.10).gifNote:
If you specify Windows 4.x when linking your application, its windows cannot have caption buttons unless they also have window menus. This is not a requirement if you specify Windows 3.x when linking your application.

Headerwinuser.h
Windows Embedded CEWindows CE 1.0 and later
Windows MobileWindows Mobile Version 5.0 and later

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