Capture Graph Builder

Windows Mobile 6.5
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A filter graph that performs video or audio capture is called a capture graph. Capture graphs are often more complicated than file playback graphs. To make it easier for applications to build capture graphs, DirectShow provides a helper object called the Capture Graph Builder. The Capture Graph Builder exposes the ICaptureGraphBuilder2 interface, which contains methods for building and controlling a capture graph.


Start by calling CoCreateInstanceto create new instances of the Capture Graph Builder and the Filter Graph Manager. Then initialize the Capture Graph Builder by calling ICaptureGraphBuilder2::SetFiltergraph with a pointer to the Filter Graph Manager's IGraphBuilder Interface.


The following code shows a helper function to perform these steps.

HRESULT InitCaptureGraphBuilder(
  IGraphBuilder **ppGraph,         // Receives the pointer.
  ICaptureGraphBuilder2 **ppBuild  // Receives the pointer.
    if (!ppGraph || !ppBuild) {
        return E_POINTER;
    IGraphBuilder *pGraph = NULL;
    ICaptureGraphBuilder2 *pBuild = NULL;

    // Create the Capture Graph Builder.
    HRESULT hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_CaptureGraphBuilder, NULL, 
        CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IcaptureGraphBuilder2, (void**)&pBuild);
    if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) {
        // Create the Filter Graph Manager.
        hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_FilterGraph, 0, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER,
            IID_IGraphBuilder, (void**)&pGraph);
        if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) {
            // Initialize the Capture Graph Builder.

            // Return both interface pointers to the caller.
            *ppBuild = pBuild;
            *ppGraph = pGraph; // The caller must release both interfaces.
            return S_OK;
        else {
    return hr; // Failed

Throughout this section on video capture, it is assumed that you are using the Capture Graph Builder to create the capture graph. However, it is possible to build capture graphs entirely by using IGraphBuilder methods. This is considered an advanced topic, however, and the Capture Graph Builder methods are preferred. For more information, see Advanced Capture Topics.

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