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This method is called by a data consumer to obtain data from a source data object. The GetData method renders the data described in the specified FORMATETC structure and transfers it through the specified STGMEDIUM structure. The caller then assumes responsibility for releasing the STGMEDIUM structure.

  FORMATETC* pFormatetc,
  STGMEDIUM* pmedium


[in] Pointer to the FORMATETC structure that defines the format, medium, and target device to use when passing the data. It is possible to specify more than one medium by using the Boolean OR operator, allowing the method to choose the best medium among those specified.


[out] Pointer to the STGMEDIUM structure that indicates the storage medium containing the returned data through its TYMED member and the responsibility for releasing the medium through the value of its pUnkForRelease member.

If pUnkForRelease is NULL, the receiver of the medium is responsible for releasing it; otherwise, pUnkForRelease points to the IUnknown interface on the appropriate object so its Release method can be called.

The medium must be allocated and filled in by IDataObject::GetData.

This method supports the standard return values E_INVALIDARG, E_UNEXPECTED, and E_OUTOFMEMORY.

The following table shows the additional return values for this method.

Value Description


Data was successfully retrieved and placed in the storage medium provided.


Invalid value for lindex; currently, only -1 is supported.


Invalid value for pFormatetc.


Invalid TYMED value.


Invalid dwAspect value.


The object application is not running.


An error occurred when allocating the medium.

A data consumer calls IDataObject::GetData to retrieve data from a data object, conveyed through a storage medium (defined through the STGMEDIUM structure).

You can specify more than one acceptable TYMED medium with the Boolean OR operator. IDataObject::GetData must choose the medium that best represents the data from the OR values, do the allocation, and indicate responsibility for releasing the medium.

Data transferred across a stream extends from position zero of the stream pointer through to the position immediately before the current stream pointer (that is, the stream pointer position on exit).

To determine whether the platform supports this interface, see Determining Supported COM APIs.

IDataObject::GetData must check all fields in the FORMATETC structure. It is important that IDataObject::GetData render the requested aspect and, if possible, use the requested medium.

If the data object cannot comply with the information specified in the FORMATETC, the method should return DV_E_FORMATETC.

If an attempt to allocate the medium fails, the method should return STG_E_MEDIUMFULL.

It is important to fill in all of the fields in the STGMEDIUM structure.

Although the caller can specify more than one medium for returning the data, IDataObject::GetData can supply only one medium.

If the initial transfer fails with the selected medium, this method can be implemented to try one of the other media specified before returning an error.

Headerobjidl.h, objidl.idl
Libraryole32.lib, uuid.lib
Windows Embedded CEWindows CE 3.0 and later
Windows MobileWindows Mobile Version 5.0 and later

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