IIS Logging

IIS logging is one type of server side logging that can be enabled on a URL group. The IIS log file format is a fixed ASCII text-based format that cannot be customized. The IIS log file contains the HTTP Server API kernel-mode cache hits. This type of logging can be enabled on a URL group only; it cannot be used on the server session.

The IIS log file format records the following data. The data in the table is in the order of occurrence in the log file.

FieldDescription
Client IP addressThe IP address of the client that made the request.
User nameThe name of the authenticated user that accessed the server. Anonymous users are indicated by a hyphen. The best practice is for the application always to provide the user name.
DateThe date on which the activity occurred.
TimeThe local time at which the activity occurred.
Service and instanceThe Internet service name and instance number that was running on the client.
Server nameThe name of the server on which the log file entry was generated.
Server IP address The IP address of the server on which the log file entry was generated.
Time takenThe length of time that the action took, in milliseconds.
Client bytes sentThe number of bytes sent by the client.
Server bytes sentThe number of bytes sent by the server.
Service status code A value of 200 indicates that the request was fulfilled successfully.
Windows status code A value of 0 (zero) indicates that the request was fulfilled successfully.
Request typeThe request verb.
Target of operationThe target of the verb, for example, Default.htm.
Parameters The parameters that are passed to a scrip.

 

Not all fields will contain information. For fields for which there is no information, a hyphen (-) appears as a placeholder. If a field contains a nonprintable character, the HTTP Server API replaces it with a plus sign (+) to preserve the log file format. This typically occurs with virus attacks, when, for example, a malicious user sends carriage returns and line feeds that, if not replaced with the plus sign (+), would break the log file format. Fields are separated by commas, making the format easier to read than the other ASCII formats, which use spaces for separators. The time is recorded as local time. The time taken is recorded in milliseconds. For more information about the time taken field, see the W3C Logging topic.

The following example shows an NCSA Common log file entry.

192.168.114.201, -, 03/20/05, 7:55:20, W3SVC2, SERVER, 
172.21.13.45, 4502, 163, 3223, 200, 0, GET, /DeptLogo.gif, -,

 

 

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