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CDF Reference for Active Channels

This technology is obsolete as of Windows Internet Explorer 7 and should not be used. This section describes the suggested revision to Channel Definition Format (CDF) that Microsoft and other partners are presenting to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). For reference purposes, this revision is CDF version 0.4. CDF is an application of the XML. The original submission of CDF to the W3C can be found at the World Wide Web Consortium.

CDF Syntax

Note that the syntax might vary for different elements. This section contains a table that describes the possible formats in which the tags might appear.

Description Example
Empty element with attributes

<ELEMENT ATTR1="value" ATTR2="value"/>
Element with content and end tag

<ELEMENT>Element Content Here</ELEMENT>
Parent element with attributes and child elements

<PARENT ATTR1="value">
	<CHILD1>
	    Content
	</CHILD1>
	<CHILD2 ATTR1="value"/>
</PARENT>

CDF Parsing Rules and Hints

To avoid some common mistakes, keep the following rules in mind when creating a CDF file.

Special Characters When placing text content between an element start and end tag, you must encode the following characters to prevent CDF parsing errors.
    • Encode < with &lt;
    • Encode > with &gt;
    • Encode ' with &apos;
    • Encode " with &quot;
    • Encode & with &amp;

For a complete list of other named character set entities, see the documentation on HTML Character Sets (Charsets) and Named Entities.

Character Encoding The CDF file supports encoding for any ASCII character with the format &#nnn. For example, the ampersand character could also be encoded with its ASCII decimal value of 38 by using the string &#038.
Attribute Syntax All attribute values must be enclosed in quotation marks, even if the value is a number.
Comments Any text you want to be ignored by the CDF parser should be placed between the comment start tag (<!--) and the comment end tag (-->).

CDF Elements

This section describes the elements and associated attributes used to create CDF files for Microsoft Active Channels. Some CDF files may be used for other types of Webcasting, such as Active Desktop items and Software Update Channels, depending on the value of the USAGE element.

XML A ABSTRACT CHANNEL
EARLIESTTIME HTTP-EQUIV INTERVALTIME ITEM
LATESTTIME LOG LOGIN LOGO
LOGTARGET PURGETIME SCHEDULE TITLE
USAGE

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