Creating Contact Objects

To create a Contact object, bind to the object that will contain the object, create a Contact object, set its properties and save the object to the directory store.

The following code example assumes that the schema of the AD LDS instance has been extended by Adding Contact Classes.

The following Visual Basic Scripting Edition code example defines a function that uses the Create method to create Contact objects in a selected organization object.



' Create Contacts.

Option Explicit

Dim lngErrNumber  ' Error number.
Dim objADAM       ' Binding object.
Dim strPath       ' Binding path.

' Construct the binding string.
strPath = "LDAP://localhost:389/O=Fabrikam,C=US"

Function lngCreateContact(objADAMPath, _
                          strCN, _
                          strSN, _
                          strTitle, _
                          strTelephoneNumber, _
                          strGivenName, _
                          strMail, _
                          strManager)

    Dim objNewContact  ' New contact to create.

    On Error Resume Next

    ' Create new contact.
    Set objNewContact = objADAMPath.Create("Contact", "CN=" & strCN)

    ' Set attributes.
    If strSN <> "" And strSN <> vbNullString Then
        objNewContact.Put "sn", strSN
    End If
    If strTitle <> "" And strTitle <> vbNullString Then
        objNewContact.Put "title", strTitle
    End If
    If strTelephoneNumber <> "" And _
       strTelephoneNumber <> vbNullString _
    Then
        objNewContact.Put "telephoneNumber", strTelephoneNumber
    End If
    If strGivenName <> "" And strGivenName <> vbNullString Then
        objNewContact.Put "givenName", strGivenName
    End If
    If strMail <> "" And strMail <> vbNullString Then
        objNewContact.Put "mail", strMail
    End If
    If strManager <> "" And strManager <> vbNullString Then
        objNewContact.Put "manager", strManager
    End If
    objNewContact.SetInfo

    ' Return success or error.
    lngCreateContact = Err.Number

    Set objNewContact = Nothing

    On Error Goto 0

End Function

WScript.Echo "Bind to: " & strPath

On Error Resume Next

' Bind to the object.
Set objADAM = GetObject(strPath)

' If bind fails, output error.
If Err.Number <> vbEmpty Then
    WScript.Echo "Error:   Bind failed."
    WScript.Quit
Else
    WScript.Echo "Success: Bind succeeded."
End If

On Error Goto 0

' Create first Contact.
' Manager not specified.
lngErrNumber = lngCreateContact(objADAM, _
                                "Jane Clayton", _
                                "Clayton", _
                                "Office Manager", _
                                "+1(206)555-0101", _
                                "Jane", _
                                "janeclayton@fabrikam.us", _
                                "")
' Output success or error.
If lngErrNumber <> vbEmpty Then
    WScript.Echo "Error:   Create failed with error# " _
                         & Hex(lngErrNumber) & "."
Else
    WScript.Echo "Success: User created."
End If

' Create second Contact.
' Change "CN=Jane Clayton,O=Fabrikam,C=US" to appropriate manager.
lngErrNumber = lngCreateContact(objADAM, _
                                "Jeff Smith", _
                                "Smith", _
                                "Office Assistant", _
                                "+1(206)555-0111", _
                                "Jeff", _
                                "jeffsmith@fabrikam.us", _
                                "CN=Jane Clayton,O=Fabrikam,C=US")
' Output success or error.
If lngErrNumber <> vbEmpty Then
    WScript.Echo "Error:   Create failed with error# " _
                         & Hex(lngErrNumber) & "."
Else
    WScript.Echo "Success: User created."
End If


The following Visual Basic .NET code example defines a function that uses the Add method to create Contact objects in a selected organization object.



Imports System
Imports System.DirectoryServices

Namespace ADAM_Examples

    Class CreateContacts

        '/ <summary>
        '/ Create a single Contact.
        '/ </summary>

        Private Shared Function CreateContact( _
                                    objADAMPath As DirectoryEntry, _
                                    strCN As String, _
                                    strSN As String, _
                                    strTitle As String, _
                                    strTelephoneNumber As String, _
                                    strGivenName As String, _
                                    strMail As String, _
                                    strManager As String) As Boolean

            Dim objNewContact As DirectoryEntry  ' New Contact to create.

            ' Create new contact and set attributes.
            Try
                objNewContact = objADAMPath.Children.Add(strCN, "Contact")
                If strSN <> "" Or strSN <> String.Empty Then
                    objNewContact.Properties("sn").Add(strSN)
                End If
                If strTitle <> "" Or strTitle <> String.Empty Then
                    objNewContact.Properties("title").Add(strTitle)
                End If
                If strTelephoneNumber <> "" Or _
                    strTelephoneNumber <> String.Empty Then
                    objNewContact.Properties("telephoneNumber").Add( _
                       strTelephoneNumber)
                End If
                If strGivenName <> "" Or strGivenName <> String.Empty Then
                    objNewContact.Properties("givenName").Add(strGivenName)
                End If
                If strMail <> "" Or strMail <> String.Empty Then
                    objNewContact.Properties("mail").Add(strMail)
                End If
                If strManager <> "" Or strManager <> String.Empty Then
                    objNewContact.Properties("manager").Add(strManager)
                End If
                objNewContact.CommitChanges()
            Catch e As Exception
                Console.WriteLine("Error:   {0}", e.ToString())
                Return False
            End Try

            Console.WriteLine("Success:  Contact created.")
            Return True

        End Function 'CreateContact

        '/ <summary>
        '/ Create Contacts.
        '/ </summary>

        <STAThread()>  Shared Sub Main()
            Dim objADAM As DirectoryEntry  ' Binding object.
            Dim strPath As String          ' Binding path.

            ' Construct the binding string.
            strPath = "LDAP://localhost:389/O=Fabrikam,C=US"

            Console.WriteLine("Bind to: {0}", strPath)

            ' Get AD LDS object.
            Try
                objADAM = New DirectoryEntry(strPath)
                objADAM.RefreshCache()
            Catch e As Exception
                Console.WriteLine("Error:   Bind failed.")
                Console.WriteLine("         {0}", e.Message)
                Return
            End Try

            ' Create first Contact.
            ' Manager not specified.
            If Not CreateContacts.CreateContact( _
                                      objADAM, _
                                      "CN=Jane Clayton", _
                                      "Clayton", _
                                      "Office Manager", _
                                      "+1(206)555-0101", _
                                      "Jane", _
                                      "janeclayton@fabrikam.us", _
                                      "") _
            Then
                Return
            End If

            ' Create second Contact.
            ' Change "CN=Jane Clayton,O=Fabrikam,C=US"
            '  to appropriate manager.
            If Not CreateContacts.CreateContact( _
                                      objADAM, _
                                      "CN=Jeff Smith", _
                                      "Smith", _
                                      "Office Assistant", _
                                      "+1(206)555-0111", _
                                      "Jeff", _
                                      "jeffsmith@fabrikam.us", _
                                      "CN=Jane Clayton,O=Fabrikam,C=US") _
            Then
                Return
            End If

            Return

        End Sub 'Main
    End Class 'CreateContacts
End Namespace 'ADAM_Examples


The following C# code example defines a function that uses the Add method to create Contact objects in a selected organization object.



using System;
using System.DirectoryServices;

namespace ADAM_Examples
{
    class CreateContacts
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Create a single Contact.
        /// </summary>

        private static bool CreateContact(
            DirectoryEntry objADAMPath,
            string strCN,
            string strSN,
            string strTitle,
            string strTelephoneNumber,
            string strGivenName,
            string strMail,
            string strManager)
        {
            DirectoryEntry objNewContact;  // New Contact to create.

            // Create new contact and set attributes.
            try
            {
                objNewContact = objADAMPath.Children.Add(
                    strCN, "Contact");
                if (strSN != "" || strSN != String.Empty)
                    objNewContact.Properties["sn"].Add(strSN);
                if (strTitle != "" || strTitle != String.Empty)
                    objNewContact.Properties["title"].Add(strTitle);
                if (strTelephoneNumber != "" ||
                    strTelephoneNumber != String.Empty)
                    objNewContact.Properties[
                        "telephoneNumber"].Add(strTelephoneNumber);
                if (strGivenName != "" || strGivenName != String.Empty)
                    objNewContact.Properties[
                        "givenName"].Add(strGivenName);
                if (strMail != "" || strMail != String.Empty)
                    objNewContact.Properties["mail"].Add(strMail);
                if (strManager != "" || strManager != String.Empty)
                    objNewContact.Properties["manager"].Add(strManager);
                objNewContact.CommitChanges();
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Error:   {0}", e.ToString());
                return false;
            }

            Console.WriteLine("Success:  Contact created.");
            return true;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Create Contacts.
        /// </summary>

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            DirectoryEntry objADAM;   // Binding object.
            string strPath;           // Binding path.

            // Construct the binding string.
            strPath = "LDAP://localhost:389/O=Fabrikam,C=US";

            Console.WriteLine("Bind to: {0}", strPath);

            // Get AD LDS object.
            try
            {
                objADAM = new DirectoryEntry(strPath);
                objADAM.RefreshCache();
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Error:   Bind failed.");
                Console.WriteLine("         {0}", e.Message);
                return;
            }

            // Create first Contact.
            // Manager not specified.
            if (!CreateContacts.CreateContact(
                objADAM,
                "CN=Jane Clayton",
                "Clayton",
                "Office Manager",
                "+1(206)555-0101",
                "Jane",
                "janeclayton@fabrikam.us",
                ""))
            {
                return;
            }
 
            // Create second Contact.
            // Change "CN=Jane Clayton,O=Fabrikam,C=US"
            // to appropriate manager.
            if (!CreateContacts.CreateContact(
                objADAM,
                "CN=Jeff Smith",
                "Smith",
                "Office Assistant",
                "+1(206)555-0111",
                "Jeff",
                "jeffsmith@fabrikam.us",
                "CN=Jane Clayton,O=Fabrikam,C=US"))
            {
                return;
            }

            return;
        }
    }
}


 

 

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