5.2 Default values
The following categories of variables are automatically initialized to their default values:
- Static variables.
- Instance variables of class instances.
- Array elements.
The default value of a variable depends on the type of the variable and is determined as follows:
- For a variable of a value-type, the default value is the same as the value computed by the value-type's default constructor (Section 4.1.1).
- For a variable of a reference-type, the default value is
Initialization to default values is typically done by having the memory manager or garbage collector initialize memory to all-bits-zero before it is allocated for use. For this reason, it is convenient to use all-bits-zero to represent the null reference.