Correlation Sets

 

You can achieve this sort of correlation of messages with orchestration instances by defining correlation sets. A correlation set is a set of properties with specific values. This is different from a correlation type, which is simply a list of properties. If an incoming message does not have all of these properties, with matching values for each, correlation will fail and the message will not be received by the orchestration instance.

Correlation types define a set of properties on which you will be correlating messages. These can be any properties which were previously defined in a property schema and deployed with some BizTalk Project including "system" properties deployed with the GlobalPropertySchemas which is installed as part of the base BizTalk install. A correlation set defines a set of properties and values for these properties that a message must contain to be processed by a particular orchestration.

For example, a correlation type could consist of the following properties:

Correlation Type PropertyPossible XML Representation
Social Security number<SSN></SSN>
Date of Birth<DOB></DOB>
Gender<Gender></Gender>

While a correlation set derived from this correlation type could consist of the following properties and values:

Correlation Set Property/ValuePossible XML representation
Social Security number = 222112222<SSN>222112222</SSN>
Date of Birth = “1/1/1995”<DOB>”1/1/1995”</DOB>
Gender = Male<Gender>M</Gender>
System_CAPS_ICON_note.jpg Note

Each correlation set supports a maximum of three parameters.

  • Correlation Sets initialized on a Receive action

    Correlation sets initialized on a Receive action define the exact set of properties that must exist in a published message in order for it to be processed by the corresponding receive action(s) in an orchestration. An initializing correlation set will create a correlation set from a correlation type based on the corresponding values in a document.

  • Correlation Sets initialized on a Send action

    Correlation sets initialized on a Send action are created from a correlation type based upon the corresponding values in a document and promote the correlation properties in the outbound document.

Following correlation sets can only be bound to a non-activating receive action or to a send action. Following correlation sets are specified in tandem with previously initialized correlation sets.

  • Following Correlation Sets bound to a Receive action

    Following correlation sets bound to a receive action define the set of properties and values that the document must contain to be received. Receive actions with following correlation sets accept documents that contain properties from a previously initialized correlation set.

  • Following Correlation Sets bound to a Send action

    Following correlation sets bound to a send action dictate that the set of properties in the correlation set are promoted in the outbound document.

BizTalk Server provides the ability to inspect correlation sets. You can inspect a correlation set in an Expression Shape using code similar to the following:

MsgLen = Correlation_1(BTS.MessageLength);  

The example above assumes that you have created a variable named MsgLen of type System.Int16 and that your orchestration contains a correlation set named Correlation_1. The ability to inspect correlation sets may be useful if you need to inspect the value of a correlation that was passed to an orchestration by another orchestration.

You can pass correlations as in parameters to other orchestrations.

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