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MsiDetermineApplicablePatches function

The MsiDetermineApplicablePatches function takes a set of patch files, XML files, and XML blobs and determines which patches apply to a specified Windows Installer package and in what sequence. The function can account for superseded or obsolete patches. This function does not account for products or patches that are installed on the system that are not specified in the set.


UINT MsiDetermineApplicablePatches(
  _In_ LPCTSTR               szProductPackagePath,
  _In_ DWORD                 cPatchInfo,


szProductPackagePath [in]

Full path to an .msi file. The function determines the patches that are applicable to this package and in what sequence.

cPatchInfo [in]

Number of patches in the array. Must be greater than zero.

pPatchInfo [in]

Pointer to an array of MSIPATCHSEQUENCEINFO structures.

Return value

The MsiDetermineApplicablePatches function returns the following values.


The function failed in a manner not covered in the other error codes.


An argument is invalid.


No valid sequence could be found for the set of patches.


The patches were successfully sorted.


The .msi file was not found.


The path to the .msi file was not found.


The XML patch data is invalid.


An installation package referenced by path cannot be opened.


This error can be returned if the function was called from a custom action or if MSXML 3.0 is not installed.



If this function is called from a custom action it fails and returns ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED. The function requires MSXML version 3.0 to process XML and returns ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED if MSXML 3.0 is not installed.

The MsiDetermineApplicablePatches function sets the uStatus and dwOrder members of each MSIPATCHSEQUENCEINFO structure pointed to by pPatchInfo. Each structure contains information about a particular patch.

If the function succeeds, the MSIPATCHSEQUENCEINFO structure of every patch that can be applied to the product returns with a uStatus of ERROR_SUCCESS and a dwOrder greater than or equal to zero. The values of dwOrder greater than or equal to zero indicate the best application sequence for the patches starting with zero.

If the function succeeds, patches excluded from the best patching sequence return a MSIPATCHSEQUENCEINFO structure with a dwOrder equal to -1. In these cases, a uStatus field of ERROR_SUCCESS indicates a patch that is obsolete or superseded for the product. A uStatus field of ERROR_PATCH_TARGET_NOT_FOUND indicates a patch that is inapplicable to the product.

If the function fails, the MSIPATCHSEQUENCEINFO structure for every patch returns a dwOrder equal to -1. In this case, the uStatus fields can contain errors with more information about individual patches. For example, ERROR_PATCH_NO_SEQUENCE is returned for patches that have circular sequencing information.



Windows Installer 5.0 on Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows 7. Windows Installer 4.0 or Windows Installer 4.5 on Windows Server 2008 or Windows Vista. Windows Installer 3.0 or later on Windows Server 2003 or Windows XP. See the Windows Installer Run-Time Requirements for information about the minimum Windows service pack that is required by a Windows Installer version.







Unicode and ANSI names

MsiDetermineApplicablePatchesW (Unicode) and MsiDetermineApplicablePatchesA (ANSI)

See also

Not Supported in Windows Installer 2.0 and earlier



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