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Double to Decimal Conversion

.NET Framework 1.1

Converts a double-precision floating-point number to a Decimal.

[Visual Basic]
returnValue = Decimal.op_Explicit(value)
[C#]
public static explicit operator decimal(
 double value
);
[C++]
public: static Decimal op_Explicit(
 double value
);
[JScript]
returnValue = Decimal(value);

[Visual Basic] In Visual Basic, you can use the conversion operators defined by a type, but you cannot define your own.

[JScript] In JScript, you can use the conversion operators defined by a type, but you cannot define your own.

Arguments [Visual Basic, JScript]

value
A double-precision floating-point number.

Parameters [C#, C++]

value
A double-precision floating-point number.

Return Value

A Decimal that represents the converted double-precision floating point number.

Exceptions

Exception Type Condition
OverflowException value is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

-or-

value is Double.NaN, Double.PositiveInfinity, or Double.NegativeInfinity.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following code example converts Double values to Decimal numbers using the Double to Decimal conversion. This conversion requires the op_Explicit operator in Visual Basic.

[Visual Basic] 
' Example of the explicit conversion from Double to Decimal.
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module DecimalFromDoubleDemo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,25:E16}{1,33}"
 
    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    ' Convert the Double argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    Sub DecimalFromDouble( argument As Double )

        Dim decValue    As Object
          
        ' Convert the Double argument to a Decimal value.
        Try
            decValue = Decimal.op_Explicit( argument )
        Catch ex As Exception
            decValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        ' Display the Decimal.
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument, decValue )
    End Sub 
       
    Sub Main( )

        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of the explicit conversion from Double " & _
            "to Decimal " & vbCrLf & "generates the following " & _
            "output." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "Double argument", _
            "Decimal value" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "---------------", _
            "-------------" )
          
        ' Convert Double values and display the results.
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123E-30 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234E-25 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345E-20 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456E-10 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234567 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345678E+12 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+28 ) 
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+30 )
    End Sub 
End Module

' This example of the explicit conversion from Double to Decimal
' generates the following output.
'
'           Double argument                    Decimal value
'           ---------------                    -------------
'   1.2345678901230000E-030                                0
'   1.2345678901233999E-025   0.0000000000000000000000001235
'   1.2345678901234499E-020   0.0000000000000000000123456789
'   1.2345678901234560E-010       0.000000000123456789012346
'   1.2345678901234567E+000                 1.23456789012346
'   1.2345678901234568E+012                 1234567890123.46
'   1.2345678901234568E+028    12345678901234600000000000000
'   1.2345678901234569E+030                OverflowException

[C#] 
// Example of the explicit conversion from double to decimal.
using System;

class DecimalFromDoubleDemo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,25:E16}{1,33}";

    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring( 
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Convert the double argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    public static void DecimalFromDouble( double argument )
    {
        object decValue;

        // Convert the double argument to a decimal value.
        try
        {
            decValue = (decimal)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            decValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument, decValue );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "This example of the explicit conversion from double " +
            "to decimal \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "double argument", 
            "decimal value" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "---------------", 
            "-------------" );

        // Convert double values and display the results.
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123E-30 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234E-25 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345E-20 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456E-10 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234567 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345678E+12 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+28 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+30 );
    }
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversion from double to decimal
generates the following output.

          double argument                    decimal value
          ---------------                    -------------
  1.2345678901230000E-030                                0
  1.2345678901233999E-025   0.0000000000000000000000001235
  1.2345678901234499E-020   0.0000000000000000000123456789
  1.2345678901234560E-010       0.000000000123456789012346
  1.2345678901234567E+000                 1.23456789012346
  1.2345678901234568E+012                 1234567890123.46
  1.2345678901234568E+028    12345678901234600000000000000
  1.2345678901234569E+030                OverflowException
*/

[C++] 
// Example of the explicit conversion from double to Decimal.
#using <mscorlib.dll>
using namespace System;

const __wchar_t* formatter = L"{0,25:E16}{1,33}";

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String* GetExceptionType( Exception* ex )
{
    String* exceptionType = ex->GetType( )->ToString( );
    return exceptionType->Substring( 
        exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

// Convert the double argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
void DecimalFromDouble( double argument )
{
    Object* decValue;

    // Convert the double argument to a Decimal value.
    try
    {
        decValue = __box( (Decimal)argument );
    }
    catch( Exception* ex )
    {
        decValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
    }

    Console::WriteLine( formatter, __box( argument ), decValue );
}

void main( )
{
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"This example of the explicit conversion from double " 
        S"to Decimal \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
    Console::WriteLine( formatter, S"double argument", 
        S"Decimal value" );
    Console::WriteLine( formatter, S"---------------", 
        S"-------------" );

    // Convert double values and display the results.
    DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123E-30 );
    DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234E-25 );
    DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345E-20 );
    DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456E-10 );
    DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234567 );
    DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345678E+12 );
    DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+28 );
    DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+30 );
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversion from double to Decimal
generates the following output.

          double argument                    Decimal value
          ---------------                    -------------
  1.2345678901230000E-030                                0
  1.2345678901233999E-025   0.0000000000000000000000001235
  1.2345678901234499E-020   0.0000000000000000000123456789
  1.2345678901234560E-010       0.000000000123456789012346
  1.2345678901234567E+000                 1.23456789012346
  1.2345678901234568E+012                 1234567890123.46
  1.2345678901234568E+028    12345678901234600000000000000
  1.2345678901234569E+030                OverflowException
*/

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework, Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) Standard

See Also

Decimal Structure | Decimal Members | System Namespace | Double

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