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Windows Server System

Visual Studio .NET 2003

The Microsoft Windows Server System provides solutions to a wide-range of application business information management issues, including database management, application deployment and configuration control, business-to-business data interchange, messaging, and workflow management.

You should become familiar with the application support features provided by each member of the Windows Server System as you plan the design, construction, and on-going maintenance of your enterprise application.

Application Center 2000

Microsoft Application Center 2000 is a deployment and management tool for high-availability Web applications built on the Microsoft Windows 2000 operating system. With Application Center 2000, managing multiple servers is as simple as managing a single computer. You can deploy, monitor, and maintain complex distributed applications consisting of Web sites, Web services, and COM components. Additionally, Application Center 2000 provides load-balancing technologies and on-going monitoring of performance trends to maintain the health of your application.

An important feature of Application Center is the Integrated Management Console to provide a coordinated, unified image of the deployment and status of all distributed components. Application Center can detect hardware and software failures and automatically begin recovery and send e-mail notification. You can also easily add or remove members from the current server cluster without affecting or interrupting Web site availability.

For more information, see the Microsoft Application Center Web site (

SQL Server 2000

Microsoft SQL Server 2000 is a relational database engine that can store, retrieve, analyze, and manage large amounts of data. SQL Server meets the availability, reliability, and scalability requirements of demanding e-commerce data storage requirements.

Built-in tools provide extensive database programming and administration capabilities. These include rapid development using Visual Database Tools, data transformation, data mining and multidimensional analysis, interactive debugging, workload monitoring, and performance tuning.

For more information, see SQL Server 2000 and the Microsoft SQL Server Web site (

SQL Server 2000 Windows CE

Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Windows CE is a compact database useful for applications that handle data on various mobile and wireless devices such as cell phones and Pocket PCs. You can also incorporate similar database capabilities in embedded systems.

Although SQL Server CE has a small footprint (1 MB), it includes an important set of relational database features such as support for transactions, multiple data types, and an optimizing query processor. When coupled with SQL Server 2000, SQL Server CE can handle client-side updates of record sets. SQL Server CE can also handle synchronization using merge replication. Data transfer scenarios can use HTTP and 128-bit encryption for file security.

For more information, see the Microsoft SQL Server CE Web site (

BizTalk Server 2000

Microsoft BizTalk Server 2000 is a suite of tools and services to help you quickly build and deploy data interchange between internal and external Internet applications using W3C-standard Extensible Markup Language (XML) messages.

BizTalk Server provides many XML tools to create and manage schemas, map source and target fields, and transform data. One of the key tools is Orchestration Designer, a graphic design tool for defining information transform processes that can be automatically compiled into a program. Such compiled programs can contain data source and target maps, data transformations, and workflow schedules.

BizTalk Server 2000 is highly interoperable with existing applications because the standard XML messages are platform independent. Further, BizTalk Server uses commonly available public standards like public key encryption, digital signatures, Hypertext Transfer Protocol (both HTTP and HTTPS), Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), and Networked File Shares.

An important feature of BizTalk Server is support for both synchronous and asynchronous messaging. BizTalk Server 2000 handles sending, receiving, and queuing for guaranteed message delivery. Also included are administration tools for configuring BizTalk Server, tracking messages, and viewing and managing document queues.

For more information, see the Microsoft BizTalk Server Web site (

Exchange 2000 Server

Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server is a messaging infrastructure and data store designed to meet the real-time messaging and collaboration needs of both small and large organizations. Exchange Server 2000 features include instant messaging, real-time conferencing, collaboration, document-centric workflow, calendaring, and contact management.

The Exchange data store provides a central repository for e-mail, documents, Web content, and applications. Like the other members of the Windows Server System, Exchange supports standard Web protocols, including XML and HTTP.

Your application can use the various Exchange services via several approaches, including HTTP, World Wide Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV), the Messaging Application Programming Interface (MAPI), and other Exchange-specific APIs.

Exchange simplifies the task of managing a complex messaging system through integration with Active Directory. This provides unified administration and monitoring of all information, including mailboxes, servers, sites, users, groups, permissions, resources, configurations, and file shares.

For more information, see the Microsoft Exchange Server Web site (

Commerce Server 2000

Microsoft Commerce Server 2000 is a customizable e-commerce application for creating an online business. Commerce Server 2000 includes many ready-to-use functions, including catalog display, product and customer service management, and order processing. You can use this application framework — complete with built-in feedback and analysis capabilities — to quickly create a commercial Web site.

Commerce Server 2000 contains all of the components needed for providing standard e-commerce services. It also has an extensive software development kit (SDK) and many highly customizable features such as user-specific targeting, multiple discounts, special advertisements, and direct mail tie-ins.

For more information, see Microsoft Commerce Server 2000 and the Microsoft Commerce Server Web site (

Content Management Server 2001

Microsoft Content Management Server 2001 is a content management system for building, deploying, and maintaining dynamic Web site content for either internal company documents or a commercial Web site.

Content Management Server 2001 provides extensive content management tools. These include content templates for uniform Web pages, approval milestone tracking, publication scheduling, dynamic page creation, revision handling, and version archiving. You can extend the built-in functionality and share content with other systems by using the Publishing API.

For more information, see the Microsoft Content Management Server Web site (

Internet Security and Acceleration Server 2000

Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration (ISA) Server 2000 is an extensible enterprise firewall and high-performance Web cache. Enabling fast, secure Internet connectivity, ISA Server 2000 protects your network from unauthorized access, inspects traffic, and initiates warnings when network attacks occur.

Using the same policy-based security as Microsoft Windows 2000, ISA Server controls access security using a rich set of features. These include policy and rule administration; integrated intrusion detection; packet-, circuit-, and application-level traffic screening; integrated virtual private networking (VPN); a Web proxy service; IP packet filtering; stateful inspection; system hardening; and transparency for all clients.

The ISA Server 2000 Web cache maximizes performance and conserves network resources with ultra-fast RAM caching and optional disk caching. By monitoring recurring content requests, ISA Server 2000 determines which content to cache.

With ISA Server 2000's unified management infrastructure, you can easily control access by using various options, including user, group, application, content type, and schedule. You can also configure firewall and cache policy, monitor network usage, and observe real-time and historical performance. Included with ISA Server 2000 is an SDK for extending the built-in security and caching features.

For more information, see the Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration Server Web site (

Windows 2000 Server

Microsoft Windows 2000 Server is a multipurpose operating system for workgroup file and printer sharing. As the entry point in Microsoft's next generation of operating systems, Windows 2000 Server has a number of technologies that are important to the Internet era. These include ASP.NET, common language runtime, COM+, XML with the Windows 2000 XML Parser, and integrated support for digital rights management and streaming media.

Windows 2000 Server supports up to 4-way symmetric multiprocessing and up to 4 gigabytes (GB) of physical memory.

With Windows Server 2000, you can build Web applications and easily connect them to the Internet. If your Web site traffic increases substantially, you can easily migrate to the more capable Windows 2000 Advanced Server with Network Load Balancing (NLB).

For more information, see the Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Web site (

Windows 2000 Advanced Server

Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server is the server operating system for e-commerce and internal business applications. Windows 2000 Advanced Server includes all the features of Windows 2000 Server, with enhanced manageability, scalability, availability, and reliability features. Windows 2000 Advanced Server has features that let your applications grow towards handling very large numbers of users and supporting data.

Windows 2000 Advanced Server supports up to 8-way symmetric multiprocessing and up to 8 GB of physical memory.

To keep business-critical applications up and running, there are two important features in Windows 2000 Advanced Server: Cluster Service and NLB, generally called clustering technologies. These clustering technologies provide two benefits: you can link servers together to handle larger loads and multiple servers can share common, recurring tasks.

With clustering, a failed or offline computer is automatically detected and the network load is automatically redistributed within ten seconds of a server failure. The result is that server availability is dramatically increased because if one server stops functioning, the workload is automatically transferred to another server.

A significant benefit of clustering is that you can easily take a server offline for an upgrade of system or application software. All you do is migrate the running applications off the target server, upgrade the server, and then bring the server back online. In this way, maintenance outages are essentially unnoticed since the application services remain intact throughout the entire upgrade process.

For more information, see the Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server Web site (

Windows 2000 Datacenter Server

Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server is the server operating system for running mission-critical applications and high-volume, real-time transactions. Windows 2000 Datacenter Server includes all the features of Windows 2000 Advanced Server, with additional levels of manageability, scalability, availability, and reliability targeted towards data center management. Windows 2000 Datacenter Server has all of the operating system features necessary to handle the most difficult information management problems.

Windows 2000 Datacenter Server supports up to 32-way symmetric multiprocessing and up to 32 GB of physical memory.

Whether you are configuring clusters, defining secure end-to-end encrypted communications, integrating multiple platforms, managing Active Directory services, configuring file and print services, or building secure intranet, extranet, and Internet sites, Windows 2000 Datacenter Server is the industrial-strength choice.

For more information, see the Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server Web site (

Host Integration Server 2000

Microsoft Host Integration Server 2000 connects distributed .NET Platform applications to mainframe applications, processes, and data stores. With Host Integration Server you can access relational data on SQL Server and DB2, and flat-file data on mainframes, AS/400, UNIX, Windows 2000, and Microsoft Windows NT Server systems.

Host Integration Server has a number of programmable features, including terminal emulation and host print services. Additionally, it supports standard mainframe security packages such as ACF/2 and RACF. You can also use Host Integration Server to provide gateway host-to-Internet or host-to-intranet communications. This is a convenient way to provide external clients with secure Internet access to your mainframe applications and data.

For more information, see the Microsoft Host Integration Server Web site (

Mobile Information 2001 Server

Microsoft Mobile Information 2001 Server is an application server for extending Microsoft .NET applications, enterprise data, and intranet content to mobile client devices such as cell phones, pagers, and Pocket PCs.

Optimizing security is important for applications involving browsing and interaction with a corporate network. Mobile Information Server provides many security features, including firewalls, encryption gateways, proxied user access, and access policy management. Applications with Mobile Information 2001 Server can help maintain the protection of users' information using Passport, public key infrastructure (PKI), and smart card technology.

For more information, see the Microsoft Mobile Information Server Web site (

SharePoint Portal Server 2001

Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server 2001 is a suite of tools and services that can help you create and deploy a central point for publishing business information. It provides document storage and management, content searches, and team collaboration features that are fully integrated with Microsoft Office 2000 applications like Word, Excel, and PowerPoint.

Organizing information can be challenging because there are so many different forms, file formats, and storage locations (such as documents on file servers, HTML pages on Web servers, and e-mail on messaging servers). SharePoint coordinates all of these disparate data sources.

Using SharePoint Portal Server, you can capture important document profile data, track multiple changes and versions, and define workflow milestones for a document's lifecycle. In addition to providing one comprehensive place to apply robust search technologies, SharePoint Portal Server can deliver notification of new and changed content — a real convenience for information workers needing continuous updates on favorite topics.

For more information, see Welcome to Sharepoint Portal Server and the Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server Web site (

See Also

Infrastructure Technologies