Visual Studio 6.0

Saves the current state of the program.

int setjmp( jmp_buf env );

Routine Required Header Compatibility
setjmp <setjmp.h> ANSI, Win 95, Win NT

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.


LIBC.LIB Single thread static library, retail version
LIBCMT.LIB Multithread static library, retail version
MSVCRT.LIB Import library for MSVCRT.DLL, retail version

Return Value

setjmp returns 0 after saving the stack environment. If setjmp returns as a result of a longjmp call, it returns the value argument of longjmp, or if the value argument of longjmp is 0, setjmp returns 1. There is no error return.



Variable in which environment is stored


The setjmp function saves a stack environment, which you can subsequently restore using longjmp. When used together, setjmp and longjmp provide a way to execute a “non-local goto.” They are typically used to pass execution control to error-handling or recovery code in a previously called routine without using the normal calling or return conventions.

A call to setjmp saves the current stack environment in env. A subsequent call to longjmp restores the saved environment and returns control to the point just after the corresponding setjmp call. All variables (except register variables) accessible to the routine receiving control contain the values they had when longjmp was called.

setjmp and longjmp do not support C++ object semantics. In C++ programs, use the C++ exception-handling mechanism.


/* FPRESET.C: This program uses signal to set up a
 * routine for handling floating-point errors.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <setjmp.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <float.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <string.h>

jmp_buf mark;              /* Address for long jump to jump to */
int     fperr;             /* Global error number */

void __cdecl fphandler( int sig, int num );   /* Prototypes */
void fpcheck( void );

void main( void )
   double n1, n2, r;
   int jmpret;
   /* Unmask all floating-point exceptions. */
    _control87( 0, _MCW_EM );
   /* Set up floating-point error handler. The compiler
    * will generate a warning because it expects
    * signal-handling functions to take only one argument.
    if( signal( SIGFPE, fphandler ) == SIG_ERR )

      fprintf( stderr, "Couldn't set SIGFPE\n" );
      abort();   }

   /* Save stack environment for return in case of error. First
    * time through, jmpret is 0, so true conditional is executed.
    * If an error occurs, jmpret will be set to -1 and false
    * conditional will be executed.
   jmpret = setjmp( mark );
   if( jmpret == 0 )
      printf( "Test for invalid operation - " );
      printf( "enter two numbers: " );
      scanf( "%lf %lf", &n1, &n2 );
      r = n1 / n2;
      /* This won't be reached if error occurs. */
      printf( "\n\n%4.3g / %4.3g = %4.3g\n", n1, n2, r );

      r = n1 * n2;
      /* This won't be reached if error occurs. */
      printf( "\n\n%4.3g * %4.3g = %4.3g\n", n1, n2, r );
/* fphandler handles SIGFPE (floating-point error) interrupt. Note
 * that this prototype accepts two arguments and that the
 * prototype for signal in the run-time library expects a signal
 * handler to have only one argument.
 * The second argument in this signal handler allows processing of
 * _FPE_ZERODIVIDE, all of which are Microsoft-specific symbols
 * that augment the information provided by SIGFPE. The compiler
 * will generate a warning, which is harmless and expected.

void fphandler( int sig, int num )
   /* Set global for outside check since we don't want
    * to do I/O in the handler.
   fperr = num;
   /* Initialize floating-point package. */
   /* Restore calling environment and jump back to setjmp. Return
    * -1 so that setjmp will return false for conditional test.
   longjmp( mark, -1 );
void fpcheck( void )
   char fpstr[30];
   switch( fperr )
   case _FPE_INVALID:
       strcpy( fpstr, "Invalid number" );
   case _FPE_OVERFLOW:
       strcpy( fpstr, "Overflow" );

       strcpy( fpstr, "Underflow" );
       strcpy( fpstr, "Divide by zero" );
       strcpy( fpstr, "Other floating point error" );
   printf( "Error %d: %s\n", fperr, fpstr );


Test for invalid operation - enter two numbers: 5 0
Error 131: Divide by zero

Process and Environment Control Routines

See Also   longjmp