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String Conversion Macros

Visual Studio 6.0

String Conversion Macros

The string conversion macros discussed here are valid for both ATL and MFC. For more information on MFC string conversion, see TN059: Using MFC MBCS/Unicode Conversion Macros and MFC Macros and Globals.

The syntax of the string-conversion macros is:

MACRONAME( string_address )

For example:

A2W(lpa)

In the macro names, the source string type is on the left (for example, A) and the destination string type is on the right (for example, W). A stands for LPSTR, OLE stands for LPOLESTR, T stands for LPTSTR, and W stands for LPWSTR.

Thus, A2W converts an LPSTR to an LPWSTR, OLE2T converts an LPOLESTR to an LPTSTR, and so on.

The destination string is created using _alloca, except when the destination type is BSTR. Using _alloca allocates memory off the stack, so that when your function returns, it is automatically cleaned up.

If there is a C in the macro name, the macro converts to a const string. For example, W2CA converts an LPWSTR to an LPCSTR.

Note   When using an ATL string conversion macro, specify the USES_CONVERSION macro at the beginning of your function in order to avoid compiler errors. For example:

void func( LPSTR lpsz )
{
   USES_CONVERSION;
   ...
   LPWSTR x = A2W(lpsz)
   // Do something with x
   ...
}

The behavior of the ATL string conversion macros depends on the compiler directive in effect, if any. If the source and destination types are the same, no conversion takes place. Compiler directives change T and OLE as follows:

Compiler directive in effect T becomes OLE becomes
none A W
_UNICODE W W
OLE2ANSI A A
_UNICODE and OLE2ANSI W A

The following table lists the ATL string conversion macros.

ATL String Conversion Macros

A2BSTR OLE2A T2A W2A
A2COLE OLE2BSTR T2BSTR W2BSTR
A2CT OLE2CA T2CA W2CA
A2CW OLE2CT T2COLE W2COLE
A2OLE OLE2CW T2CW W2CT
A2T OLE2T T2OLE W2OLE
A2W OLE2W T2W W2T

ATL Macros and Global Functions

See Also

DEVMODE and TEXTMETRIC String Conversion Macros

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