Visual Studio 6.0

Converts the local time to a calendar value.

time_t mktime( struct tm *timeptr );

Routine Required Header Compatibility
mktime <time.h> ANSI, Win 95, Win NT

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.


LIBC.LIB Single thread static library, retail version
LIBCMT.LIB Multithread static library, retail version
MSVCRT.LIB Import library for MSVCRT.DLL, retail version

Return Value

mktime returns the specified calendar time encoded as a value of type time_t. If timeptr references a date before midnight, January 1, 1970, or if the calendar time cannot be represented, the function returns –1 cast to type time_t.



Pointer to time structure


The mktime function converts the supplied time structure (possibly incomplete) pointed to by timeptr into a fully defined structure with normalized values and then converts it to a time_t calendar time value. For description of tm structure fields, see asctime. The converted time has the same encoding as the values returned by the time function. The original values of the tm_wday and tm_yday components of the timeptr structure are ignored, and the original values of the other components are not restricted to their normal ranges.

mktime handles dates in any time zone from midnight, January 1, 1970, to January 18, 19:14:07, 2038. If successful, mktime sets the values of tm_wday and tm_yday as appropriate and sets the other components to represent the specified calendar time, but with their values forced to the normal ranges; the final value of tm_mday is not set until tm_mon and tm_year are determined. When specifying a tm structure time, set the tm_isdst field to 0 to indicate that standard time is in effect, or to a value greater than 0 to indicate that daylight savings time is in effect, or to a value less than zero to have the C run-time library code compute whether standard time or daylight savings time is in effect. (The C run-time library assumes the United States’s rules for implementing the calculation of Daylight Saving Time). tm_isdst is a required field. If not set, its value is undefined and the return value from mktime is unpredictable. If timeptr points to a tm structure returned by a previous call to asctime, gmtime, or localtime, the tm_isdst field contains the correct value.

Note that gmtime and localtime use a single statically allocated buffer for the conversion. If you supply this buffer to mktime, the previous contents are destroyed.


/* MKTIME.C: The example takes a number of days
 * as input and returns the time, the current
 * date, and the specified number of days.

#include <time.h>
#include <stdio.h>

void main( void )
   struct tm when;
   time_t now, result;
   int    days;

   time( &now );
   when = *localtime( &now );
   printf( "Current time is %s\n", asctime( &when ) );
   printf( "How many days to look ahead: " );
   scanf( "%d", &days );

   when.tm_mday = when.tm_mday + days;
   if( (result = mktime( &when )) != (time_t)-1 )
      printf( "In %d days the time will be %s\n",
              days, asctime( &when ) );
      perror( "mktime failed" );


Current time is Tue May 03 12:45:47 1994

How many days to look ahead: 29
In 29 days the time will be Wed Jun 01 12:45:47 1994

Time Management Routines

See Also   asctime, gmtime, localtime, time