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DoMenuItem Method [Access 2003 VBA Language Reference]

Office 2003

Displays the appropriate menu or toolbar command for Microsoft Access.

expression.DoMenuItem(MenuBar, MenuName, Command, Subcommand, Version)

expression Required. An expression that returns one of the objects in the Applies To list.

MenuBar  Required Variant. Use the intrinsic constant acFormBar for the menu bar in Form view. For other views, use the number of the view in the menu bar argument list, as shown in the Macro window in previous versions of Microsoft Access (count down the list, starting from 0).

Intrinsic constants:
acFile
acEditMenu

acRecordsMenu

You can use acRecordsMenu only for the Form view menu bar in Microsoft Access version 2.0 and Microsoft Access 95 databases. For other menus, use the number of the menu in the menu name argument list, as shown in the Macro window in previous versions of Microsoft Access (count down the list, starting from 0).

Intrinsic constants:
acNew
acSaveForm

acSaveFormAs

acSaveRecord

acUndo

acCut

acCopy

acPaste

acDelete

acSelectRecord

acSelectAllRecords

acObject

acRefresh

For other commands, use the number of the command in the command argument list, as shown in the Macro window in previous versions of Microsoft Access (count down the list, starting from 0).

Intrinsic constants:
acObjectVerb
acObjectUpdate

The acObjectVerb constant represents the first command on the submenu of the Object command on the Edit menu. The type of object determines the first command on the submenu. For example, this command is Edit for a Paintbrush object that can be edited.

For other commands on submenus, use the number of the subcommand in the subcommand argument list, as shown in the Macro window in previous versions of Microsoft Access (count down the list, starting from 0).

Version  Optional Variant. Use the intrinsic constant acMenuVer70 for code written for Microsoft Access 95 databases, the intrinsic constant acMenuVer20 for code written for Microsoft Access version 2.0 databases, and the intrinsic constant acMenuVer1X for code written for Microsoft Access version 1.x databases. This argument is available only in Visual Basic.

Note   The default for this argument is acMenuVer1X, so that any code written for Microsoft Access version 1.x databases will run unchanged. If you're writing code for a Microsoft Access 95 or version 2.0 database and want to use the Microsoft Access 95 or version 2.0 menu commands with the DoMenuItem method, you must set this argument to acMenuVer70 or acMenuVer20.

Also, when you are counting down the lists for the Menu Bar, Menu Name, Command, and Subcommand action arguments in the Macro window to get the numbers to use for the arguments in the DoMenuItem method, you must use the Microsoft Access 95 lists if the Version argument is acMenuVer70, the Microsoft Access version 2.0 lists if the Version argument is acMenuVer20, and the Microsoft Access version 1.x lists if Version is acMenuVer1X (or blank).

Note  There is no acMenuVer80 setting for this argument. You can't use the DoMenuItem method to display Microsoft Access 97 or Microsoft Access 2000 commands (although existing DoMenuItem methods in Visual Basic code will still work). Use the RunCommand method instead.

Remarks

Note  In Microsoft Access 97, the DoMenuItem method was replaced by the RunCommand method. The DoMenuItem method is included in this version of Microsoft Access only for compatibility with previous versions. When you run existing Visual Basic code containing a DoMenuItem method, Microsoft Access will display the appropriate menu or toolbar command for Microsoft Access 2000. However, unlike the DoMenuItem action in a macro, a DoMenuItem method in Visual Basic code isn't converted to a RunCommand method when you convert a database created in a previous version of Microsoft Access.

Some commands from previous versions of Microsoft Access aren't available in Microsoft Access 2000, and DoMenuItem methods that run these commands will cause an error when they're executed in Visual Basic. You must edit your Visual Basic code to replace or delete occurrences of such DoMenuItem methods.

The selections in the lists for the menu name, command, and subcommand action arguments in the Macro window depend on what you've selected for the previous arguments. You must use numbers or intrinsic constants that are appropriate for each MenuBar, MenuName, Command, and Subcommand argument.

If you leave the Subcommand argument blank but specify the Version argument, you must include the Subcommand argument's comma. If you leave the Subcommand and Version arguments blank, don't use a comma following the Command argument.

Example

The following example uses the DoMenuItem method to carry out the Paste command on the Edit menu in Form view in a Microsoft Access 95 database:

DoCmd.DoMenuItem acFormBar, acEditMenu, acPaste, , acMenuVer70
		

The next example carries out the Tile command on the Window menu in Form view in a Microsoft Access version 2.0 database:

DoCmd.DoMenuItem acFormBar, 4, 0, , acMenuVer20
		


Applies to | DoCmd Object


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