Escaped Expressions

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An escape expression (for example, \'hh, \\, or \{) is usable in all RTF control words.


In general RTF should be written out with all characters above 0x80 in the escaped form, \'hh.

Character codeWrite out as
0x00 <= ch < 0x20Escaped (\'hh)
0x20 <= ch < 0x80Raw (non-escaped) character
0x80 <= ch <= 0xFFEscaped (\'hh)
0x5C, 0x7B, 0x7D (special RTF characters \,{, or })Escaped (\'hh)


When the RTF reader encounters raw characters in the leading-byte range of the double-byte character, it regards the next character as the trailing byte of the double-byte character and combines the two characters into one double-byte character.

Leading byteTrailing byteValidity
EscapedRaw (0x20 <= ch <= 0x7f) Valid (standard format for double-byte character)
EscapedEscaped (other)Valid (standard format for double-byte character)
RawRawValid (RTF-J format for double-byte character)
Characters that are special RTF symbols (\,{, or }) should always be escaped, preferably using the \'hh syntax.