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TextBox Control Overview (Windows Forms)

Windows Forms text boxes are used to get input from the user or to display text. The TextBox control is generally used for editable text, although it can also be made read-only. Text boxes can display multiple lines, wrap text to the size of the control, and add basic formatting. The TextBox control provides a single format style for text displayed or entered into the control. To display multiple types of formatted text, use the RichTextBox control. For more information, see RichTextBox Control Overview (Windows Forms).

The text displayed by the control is contained in the Text property. By default, you can enter up to 2048 characters in a text box. If you set the Multiline property to true, you can enter up to 32 KB of text. The Text property can be set at design time with the Properties Window, at run time in code, or by user input at run time. The current contents of a text box can be retrieved at run time by reading the Text property.

The following code example sets text in the control at run time. TheInitializeMyControl procedure will not execute automatically; it must be called.

private void InitializeMyControl() {
   // Put some text into the control first.
   textBox1.Text = "This is a TextBox control.";
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