ReadByte Method (IntPtr)
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Marshal.ReadByte Method (IntPtr)

Reads a single byte from an unmanaged pointer.

Namespace: System.Runtime.InteropServices
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static byte ReadByte (
	IntPtr ptr
)
public static byte ReadByte (
	IntPtr ptr
)
public static function ReadByte (
	ptr : IntPtr
) : byte
Not applicable.

Parameters

ptr

The address in unmanaged memory from which to read.

Return Value

The byte read from the ptr parameter.

Exception typeCondition

AccessViolationException

ptr is not a recognized format.

-or-

ptr is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

-or-

ptr is invalid.

ReadByte has an implied offset of 0. This method enables direct interaction with an unmanaged C-style byte array, eliminating the expense of copying an entire unmanaged array (using Marshal.Copy) to a separate managed array before reading its element values.

NoteNote:

This method uses SecurityAction.LinkDemand to prevent it from being called from untrusted code; only the immediate caller is required to have SecurityPermissionAttribute.UnmanagedCode permission. If your code can be called from partially trusted code, do not pass user input to Marshal class methods without validation. For important limitations on using the LinkDemand member, see Demand vs. LinkDemand.

The following code example creates a block of unmanaged memory, writes a byte to the unmanaged memory, reads the byte back from unmanaged memory, and then disposes the unmanaged memory.

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;


namespace SecureStringExample
{

    class MarshalExample
    {


        static void Main(string[] args)
        {

            try
            {
                // Allocate 1 byte of unmanaged memory.
                IntPtr hGlobal = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(1);

                // Create a new byte.
                byte b = 1;

                Console.WriteLine("Byte written to unmanaged memory: " + b);

                // Write the byte to unmanaged memory.
                Marshal.WriteByte(hGlobal, b);

                // Read byte from unmanaged memory.
                byte c = Marshal.ReadByte(hGlobal);

                Console.WriteLine("Byte read from unmanaged memory: " + c);

                // Free the unmanaged memory.
                Marshal.FreeHGlobal(hGlobal);

                Console.Write("Unmanaged memory was disposed.");


            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e);
            }

            Console.Read();

        }
    }
}

The following code example demonstrates how to use the ReadByte method to read the value of an unmanaged character.


using namespace System;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;



void main()
{
	// Create an unmanaged byte.
	const char * myString = "b";

	// Read the c string as a managed byte.
        Byte ^ myManagedByte = Marshal::ReadByte((IntPtr) (char *) myString);

	// Display the byte to the console.
	Console::WriteLine(myManagedByte);
}

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0

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