Control.BeginInvoke Method (Delegate, Object[])


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Executes the specified delegate asynchronously with the specified arguments, on the thread that the control's underlying handle was created on.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public IAsyncResult BeginInvoke(
	Delegate method,
	params object[] args


Type: System.Delegate

A delegate to a method that takes parameters of the same number and type that are contained in the args parameter.

Type: System.Object[]

An array of objects to pass as arguments to the given method. This can be null if no arguments are needed.

Return Value

Type: System.IAsyncResult

An IAsyncResult that represents the result of the BeginInvoke operation.

Exception Condition

No appropriate window handle can be found.

The delegate is called asynchronously, and this method returns immediately. You can call this method from any thread, even the thread that owns the control's handle. If the control's handle does not exist yet, this method searches up the control's parent chain until it finds a control or form that does have a window handle. If no appropriate handle can be found, BeginInvoke will throw an exception. Exceptions within the delegate method are considered untrapped and will be sent to the application's untrapped exception handler.

You can call EndInvoke to retrieve the return value from the delegate, if neccesary, but this is not required. EndInvoke will block until the return value can be retrieved.


Most methods on a control can only be called from the thread where the control was created. In addition to the InvokeRequired property, there are four methods on a control that are thread safe: Invoke, BeginInvoke, EndInvoke, and CreateGraphics if the handle for the control has already been created. Calling CreateGraphics before the control's handle has been created on a background thread can cause illegal cross thread calls. For all other method calls, you should use one of the invoke methods to marshal the call to the control's thread. The invoke methods always invoke their callbacks on the control's thread.


An exception might be thrown if the thread that should process the message is no longer active.

The following code example demonstrates a use of the BeginInvoke method.

public delegate void MyDelegate(Label myControl, string myArg2);

private void Button_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
   object[] myArray = new object[2];

   myArray[0] = new Label();
   myArray[1] = "Enter a Value";
   myTextBox.BeginInvoke(new MyDelegate(DelegateMethod), myArray);

public void DelegateMethod(Label myControl, string myCaption)
   myControl.Location = new Point(16,16);
   myControl.Size = new Size(80, 25);
   myControl.Text = myCaption;

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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